2020.09.08 00:49 planetpike75[Econ] The Grand North African Railway Project
March 2nd, 2029 Tunis, Tunisia With the end of the Libyan Civil War earlier in the 2020s and the expansion of rail networks throughout north Africa, a unique opportunity has arisen to complete the rail connection between the eastern and western parts of north Africa. Currently, semi-comprehensive railway networks exist that connect Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco with one another; a railway of the same 1435 millimeter gauge currently exists in Egypt. However, these rail lines are not connected through Libya, separating the movement of people and cargo from one end of north Africa to the other. Now that the war is over, Tunisia finds it appropriate that Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia work together through the African Union of Railways to connect our nations through one Grand North African Railway. Tunis proposes that the rail line begin at the railway juncture in Sfax, Tunisia, and travel along the Libyan coasts with stops in Tripoli, Misrata, Sirte, Benghazi, and Tobruk before meeting the Egyptian railway at Marsa Matruh. Tunisian Railways will naturally build and maintain the rail line from Tunisia to Libya, and we expect that an Egyptian company will continue to maintain their end. Since Libya is still recovering from the civil war, we propose that Tunisian Railways build and operate the line from Sfax to Sirte, with Egypt taking care of the rest from Sirte to Marsa Matruh. As for the cost, Tunisia is amenable to input from Egypt and Libya, but currently proposes a 60/40 split between Tunisia and Libya for Tunisia's half of the line and a 60/40 split for Egypt's half between them and Libya. The current estimated cost is approximately $1.2 billion USD. Due to the high cost associated with the project and the difficulty that will be faced in paying for the project, Tunisia would like to apply for financing from the African Investment Bank as long as Libya agrees according to the operating laws of the Bank. If approved, Tunisia would like to take out a loan of $200 million at an interest rate of 2.2% to be hopefully paid off within six years at a total payment of $227,900,000. [M] I actually have very little idea about trains so this may not be too accurate. It's hard to find good and readable financial data on Africa as well.
The security of the open-source supply chain is about the integrity of the entire software development and delivery ecosystem. A self-spreading and OSS supply chain malware was found abusing Github repositories. What is happening On March 9, 2020, GitHub’s Security Incident Response Team (SIRT) received its initial notification about a set of repositories that were actively serving malware-infected open source projects. Since then, Github has found 26 repositories on its platform that contained traces of the Octopus Scanner. In May 2020, GitHub issued a warning about this new malware strain that's been spreading on its site via boobytrapped Java projects. The Octopus Scanner has been found in projects managed using the Apache NetBeans integrated development environment (IDE). The malware itemizes and backdoors NetBeans repositories after planting malicious malware within JAR binaries, project files, and dependencies, later spreading to downstream development systems. It has primarily-infected developers to gain access to additional projects, production environments, database passwords, and other critical assets. The malware can run on Windows, Linux, and macOS systems and deploy a Remote Administration Tool (RAT) via the GitHub supply chain attack. Octopus Scanner is also designed to block new builds from replacing the compromised ones by keeping its malicious build artifacts in place. This is not the first case Octopus malware is part of the Phobos ransomware family. Octopus can upload and download files, take screenshots, and dig into other personal data on infected machines. From its origin, it has mainly focused on political and diplomatic officials in Central Asia. In November 2018, Octopus Scanner, disguised as a version of a popular and legitimate online messenger (Telegram), targeted Central Asian diplomatic organizations in a wave of cyber-espionage. It subsequently provided hackers with remote access to a victim’s computer. In April 2018, the DustSquad group used the potential Telegram ban in Kazakhstan to push as an alternative communication software for the political opposition with a Russian interface. The Octopus Scanner, which was used in the attacks, leveraged third-party Delphi libraries for compression. Stay safe Organizations should sign agreements with all vendors and contractors to strictly follow data security policies. Also, users should keep all software and systems up-to-date. Employing adequate protection measures for safety can detect any malicious activity and potential issues earlier. Scan the computer using trusted end-point solutions.
Analyze suspicious files and URLs to detect types of malware is an application designed to offer you an alternative solution, by allowing you to quickly scan only the files that interest you on VirusTotal, which is an online service comprised of a multitude of antivirus scanners. The procedure is as simple as it can be, since all you need to do is select the desired document from your computer and upload it to the aforementioned website. The utility then displays the detection results, taking into consideration every antivirus engine provided by the service and notifying you about the name of the found threats. In addition, you can also scan URLs, in order to check a web page for possible malware before you open it in your web browser.
Save Reports locally
Compress files before upload to upload files larger than 200M
Upload files by drag n drop
Upload files upto 200mb in size
Displaying scan reports
antivirus scanners supported:
Alibaba Group (Alibaba)
Antiy Labs (Antiy-AVL)
Avast Software (Avast, Avast Mobile Security)
AVG Technologies (AVG)
BitDefender GmbH (BitDefender)
Bkav Corporation (Bkav)
ByteHero Information Security Technology Team (ByteHero)
Cat Computer Services (Quick Heal)
Check Point Software Technologies (ZoneAlarm by Check Point)
2020.05.10 16:50 CapnMorgan44[CONFLICT] EMU Votes for Airstrikes in Libya
Operation Unified Accord
Early this morning the European Military Union voted in favour of launching military action to end the civil war in Libya. After the ousting of dictator Muammar al-Gaddafi in 2011, the country has been torn in half by warring factions, destabilizing North Africa and the Mediterranean, and exacerbating the refugee crisis in Europe. Now entering the tenth year of conflict, the European Military Union (EMU) has authorized airstrikes against the Government of National Accord after the EMU recognized General Haftar as the leader of Libya. Effective immediately, ground, air, naval and special forces from across the EMU will depart their home bases for Italy and the Mediterranean to begin Operation Unified Accord.
Under the overall command of a British SAS officer, the five special forces elements will form a multinational battalion for command and organizational purposes. Using 14 NH-90s (6 from RBS Karel Doorman, 3 from RBS Rotterdam and 5 from Charles de Gaulle), 4 LCVPs from RBS Rotterdam and 2 LCPs from HDMS Esbern Snare, the special forces will land approximately 50 kilometers East of the city of Sirte, just outside the village of Mintaqat Wadi Harawah under the cover of darkness. The LCVPs will ferry light utility vehicles for the special forces, offloading a total of 80 vehicles, including 20 Dutch Defenture Vectors, and similar vehicles for their allied counterparts. The area is held by the friendly LNA, but the landings will occur overnight to reduce visibility nonetheless. As the British and French have been supporting General Haftar's LNA for several years, the coalition will take advantage of existing channels to plan a meet up between EMU special forces and General Haftar. Linking up with the LNA's command, the special forces will move towards the front lines with LNA units to collect intelligence on future targets and to act as forward air controllers for the coalition air forces for the LNA as they engage the GNA. While allied special forces will be close to the front lines in their air controller role, they are not expected to participate significantly in the actual fighting. As the campaign progresses the British and Danish forces will take up the role of training the LNA, while the Benelux, French and Italians continue playing the role of air controller. The British and Danish will set up a series of small camps to instruct LNA officers and NCOs on small unit tactics and mission planning.
Deploying to NAS Sigonella and Vincenzo Florio Airport in Sicily, allied aircraft will launch strikes on GNA targets. The first flight over Libya will include a SEAD mission run by 12 Italian Panavia Tornados, in addition to dozens of other strike aircraft attacking conventional targets. While it is not believed that the GNA possess any air defences, the dozen Tornados will be launched with AGM-88E HARM missiles nonetheless. The first wave will be supported by tanker and intelligence aircraft, including British Shadow R1s, Danish Challenger 604s and Benelux E-3s for intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition, and reconnaissance. After eliminating the threat of air defences, the air campaign will continue on with routine strikes on GNA facilities, depots and positions. Coordinating with EMU JTACs previously inserted into Libya, allied air power aims to enable General Haftar's forces to continue their advance on Tripoli. Throughout this time, a no fly zone will be declared over the entirety of Libya. Exceptions will be granted through EMU diplomatic channels, but unidentified aircraft will be intercepted should they cross into Libya. Targets In order of priority
Known mobile air defence platforms
Fixed air defence installations, including radar sites and launch platforms
Command and Control Centres
Armoured vehicles and artillery pieces of the GNA
Training camps and other military facilities
Frontline fighting positions
36 x Eurofighter Typhoon
4 x Airbus A330 MRTT Tanker
3 x Beechcraft Shadow R1 (ISTAR)
8 x MQ-9 Reaper UCAV
36 x Rafale*
2 x KC-130J Tanker
2 x E-2C AEW*
6 x MQ-9 Reaper UCAV
12 x Panavia Tornado
24 x Eurofighter Typhoon
3 x KC-130 Tanker
24 x F-16AM
6 x E-3 Sentry AEWC
2 x Airbus A330 MRTT Tanker
4 x MQ-9 Reaper UCAV
6 x F-16AM
3 x Challenger 604 Maritime Patrol
*Note these figures include aircraft onboard the French aircraft carrier listed below.
The EMU will also establish a coalition naval blockade, under the overall command of a French commander on board the Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier. The EMU fleet, which will include the French carrier, four destroyers, seven frigates, four submarines and a handful of supply ships, will be tasked with preventing access to the Libyan coastline and preventing ships from leaving Libya. Ships carrying humanitarian and non-military goods will be allowed through, but only after being searched by coalition boarding teams, unless pre-approved by EMU, EU, UN agencies, or if a search was conducted at an EMU port. In addition to enforcing a naval blockade to prevent the supply of weapons to the GNA, the EMU fleet will also provide fire support on behalf of the LNA and EMU special forces. This will come in the form of cruise missiles launched from EMU ships and from air support from the Charles de Gaulle. Helicopters and landing craft on board the supply ships and the Benelux landing platform dock will also supply the LNA and EMU special forces with weapons, ammunition and other supplies, and if needed, helicopters from most of the ships will be capable of performing search and rescue or medevac flights to friendly forces. After landing the special forces previously mentioned above, RBS Rotterdam will return to Sicily to pick up the Benelux Marine Corps' 12th Raiding Squadron. The 12th Raiding Squadron will remain onboard the RBS Rotterdam acting as a ready reserve or quick reaction force, capable of supporting the special forces if needed. Forces
2020.04.28 16:42 UCF_InfoSecRecent Increase in COVID19-Related Phishing
The UCF Information Security Office (InfoSec) wants to make students aware of increased activity by cyber criminals taking advantage of the current pandemic. Scammers continue to send phishing emails in an effort to steal money, compromise accounts, or distribute malware. When receiving an email that asks you to take action, closely examine the message. It may be a phishing email if it:
has unsolicited promises or offers of paid opportunities of working from home;
offers to send you a check and requests that you wire back a portion of the funds;
asks you to provide sensitive information such as your bank account, Social Security Number, or other personal information;
asks you to download an attachment to view important information;
prompts you to log in to avoid a negative consequence to your account or financial aid.
If you receive a suspicious email, report it to the Security Incident Response Team (SIRT) by forwarding it as an attachment to [email protected]. You can help protect yourself by securing your accounts. The following actions can help prevent an account compromise:
avoid clicking on links or opening attachments in unexpected emails;
set a unique, strong password for each account and do not re-use passwords.
To learn more ways to protect yourself online, please visit https://infosec.ucf.edu/awareness/student-security-guidelines/ . InfoSec is here to help UCF students learn how to keep their data as secure as possible. This post was also sent to students as an email - please look for these messages to help learn about important security advisories, updates, and helpful tips. If you have any questions, please contact us at [email protected].
2020.03.16 17:00 neighborly_techgeekConvert Event Search Results to CST Timezone
What is the proper syntax to use the "eval" or "convert" splunk parameter to display "_time" as the user defined timezone rather than UTC? Need to add this as a field so SIRT Team doesn't spend cycles trying to convert timezones when doing investigations from Splunk Data.
2020.03.05 22:25 StickToStonesEyes On ISIS in Libya - Update (February 26, 2020 - March 3, 2020)
Each week, Eye On ISIS in Libya provides updates in four sections: ISIS in Action, Western Response, Other Jihadi Groups, and The Anti-ISIS Coalition. All information comes from local sources on the ground and is vetted by a network of academics, consultants and Western security experts. ISIS In Action: On 27 February, security forces in Sirte arrested three suspected Islamic State (ISIS) members. The three suspects are accused of being linked to high profile ISIS members Abu Maria al-Tunisi and Abdullah al-Masri. The ISIS cell and its potential network is being further investigated by the relevant local security forces. Link The Anti-ISIS Coalition: The House of Representatives (HoR) and the High Council of State (HCS) refused to attend the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL)-mediated political dialogue talks which began in Geneva on 26 February. The Tubruq-based HoR withdrew from the Geneva talks following UNSMIL’s non-compliance with their terms and conditions. The HCS announced it had suspended its participation in Geneva talks because of its claims the LNA had violated the Russia-Turkey mediated ceasefire nominally in place in Tripoli. Nonetheless, the Geneva meeting went ahead with 20 of the 40 intended participants attending. However, the attendees are reported to have been those who have been continuously involved in the UN-mediated process, rather than those whom the UN has been attempting to get to the table. The Libyan National Army (LNA) continues to undertake a large number of indirect fire attacks, notably targeting Tripoli’s Migita International Airport. On 28 February, Mohammed Qannunou, the Government of National Accord (GNA)’s Volcano of Rage spokesman, stated that the international condemnation of Haftar’s attacks has not been effective in saving civilians from the shells and missiles launched on the neighborhoods in Tripoli. He added that the GNA forces would use their rights to defend themselves. The GNA-aligned forces appear to have strengthen their aerial capabilities. Link Other Jihadi Actors: No notable developments. Western Response: On 1 March, a delegation from the pro-Libyan National Army (LNA) eastern-based parallel government led by Abdullah al-Thinni travelled to Syria where they met with Syrian Foreign Minister, Walid al-Muallem, and signed multiple agreements of cooperation. This included the exchange of information on data relating to terrorism, such as the identities of suspected terrorists allegedly among Turkish forces deployed to Tripoli, and Libyans who travelled to Syria to assist ISIS and the Nusra Front. They also agreed to open a Libyan embassy in Damascus to ‘counter Turkish aggression’. On 2 March, the Libyan delegation met with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and discussed both countries’ fight against terrorism as well as external interference. They also discussed activating bilateral cooperation in all fields, constituting a diplomatic re-representation between the two countries. On 2 March, the UN Special Envoy to Libya, Ghassan Salame, publicly resigned from his position after two and a half years in the role. He said he had sought to reunite Libyans, curb outside intervention and preserve the unity of the country. He stressed that as of now, the Berlin Summit had been held, Resolution 2510 issued by the UN Security Council, and the three dialogue tracks have been launched, despite the reluctance of some. He acknowledged that his health no longer allows for this pace of stress and asked the UN Secretary-General to relieve him of his mission. Link
Induced ketosis (or ketone body ingestion) can ameliorate several changes associated with neuroprogressive disorders including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder. Thus, the effects of glucose hypometabolism can be bypassed through the entry of beta-hydroxybutyrate, providing an alternative source of energy to glucose. The weight of evidence suggests that induced ketosis reduces levels of oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction and inflammation - core features of the above disorders. There is also data to suggest that induced ketosis may be able to target other molecules and signalling pathways whose levels and or activity are also known to be abnormal in at least some patients suffering from these illnesses such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), increased activity of the Kelch-like ECH-associated protein (KEAP)/nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF-2),Sirtuin-1(SIRT-1) nuclear factor (NF)-κB p65 and NAD This review explains the mechanisms by which induced ketosis might reduce mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammation and oxidative stress in neuropsychiatric disorders and ameliorate abnormal levels of molecules and signalling pathways which also appear to contribute to the pathophysiology of these illnesses. This review also examines safety data relating to induced ketosis over the long term and discusses the design of future studies.
"She can dance; she can sing, she's equipped with a built-in helium tank for inflating balloons right from her fingertips. She can take song requests, she can even dispense ice cream." That quote was William Afton explaining Baby's design in FNAF SL. Recently I made a timeline of all the events of FNAF 1-6 and, while it did have a few personal theories in there, it was mostly based on the basic story of the games. I went over what things happened in the order I believed they happened but not why those things happened. What I will be trying to do is taking characters, levels, objects, locations, and minigames from FNAF 1-6 and looking at them a bit deeper in hopes of getting a more accurate outlook on the entire story. And by looking at them I mean looking at the FNAF Wiki page and pointing out things I find interesting. This first post is on Circus Baby, so, let's go. [Anytime text is like this it's a note from me.] Circus Baby, also known as Baby, is a mascot of Circus Baby's Pizza World and the focal animatronic first appearing in FNAF SL. Baby is a female animatronic with an overall appearance of a clown. She has Auburn hair in high pigtails in either side of her head, held in place by blue hair elastics. She has bright green eyes, long, blue eyelashes, and short, blue eyebrows. The sides of her eyes are also covered in blue. Her mouth is opened in a wide, smile, revealing small, flat endoskeleton teeth, framed by thin, red lips. Her cheeks are large, round, and red, and her squarish nose is red and slightly upturned and pointed. Her midsection is exposed, revealing a metal fan surrounded by an orange triangle with rounded points. Her limbs have silver segments in rectangular shapes, and her hands have red palms. The tips of her fingers, which appear to be ball-jointed, are not sealed, revealing shiny silver underneath, similar to Springtrap; this is part of her machinery required for inflating balloons. Her knees have round, shing, silver caps, and parts of her limbs have what appears to be blue pins sticking out of them. She wears a red crop top with frills on the shoulders, and a matching, frilly, red skirt. The toes of her matching red shoes are pointed and curled, white on the bottom, and topped off with the shiny, gold orbs (possibly bells); these are the shoes worn by a jester. Under her skirt, she wears red and orange striped panties; this can be seen through the error of one of her images in the game file. She holds an orange microphone with red accents in her left hand. Like all the animatronics in game, her body is made of segmented plates, which can move freely or in unison, with a few exceptions; some plates are static and "float". The only known plates that can move are her face and left arm. Baby speaks in a soft, lifting voice that almost never raises above a sirt of hushed tone. She tends to become distracted by the thought of children, changing tones slightly when using the word. [Why is she distracted by the thought of children? It most likely has to do with her losing control and snatching and killing Elizabeth.] She also tends to couch explanations in talk about birthday parties and ice cream. [This could have something to do with her being rented for birthday parties and one of the things she does is dispenses ice cream. But what if Elizabeth was killed on her birthday?] She seems to be very distraught, confused, and sorrowful due to her situation, while also showing cunningness and manipulative tendencies. She also talks about things that have little bearings on the current situation, especially during Night 4. She is located in the Circus Gallery which is located behind the Circus Control at the far north of Circus Baby's Entertainment and Rental where she and her pair of Bidybabs entertain. When the game starts, during the intro sequence, a Panoramic View of Circus Baby is seen from multiple angles, during which a conversation between and unnamed robotics correspondent and "Mr. Afton", can be heard. [I used to think that the person talking to William in the beginning was an interviewer asking William about Baby but this makes more sense. It seems like William is selling the animatronics over to another company. The reason he would sell the animatronics is most likely because of Elizabeth's death. The mysterious company is most likely the only other company we know about, Fazbear Entertainment.] During Night 1, the HandUnit tells the player to check on Circus Baby, although some lights of the Circus Gallery are broken. After having to shocking her three times and checking on her a final time, the HandUnit congratulates Circus Baby, yet the player never sees her. Baby makes her first appearance on Night 2, where she informs the player to hide under the desk to avoid being attacked by the Bidybabs, stating that they should "avoid eye contact." [The Bidybabs seem to belong to Baby, their relationship would seem to be Baby as the ringleader and the Bidybabs as the followers. So, is Baby telling Bidybabs to attack Mike and then tries to help him to gain our trust? We know that at the end of the game Baby's plan is merge all the animatronics into one, having them enter Mike's body, and then leaving CBEAR to be free. The way she gets Mike into the Scooping Room is by having us trust her enough to take us to safety, perhaps all the danger is orchestrated by Baby so that she can help Mike and gain his trust. Baby is really good at pretending.] She then instructs the player to disregard HandUnit's instructions and proceed slowly and quietly through the Ballora Gallery in order to restore power to the building. [Yet another example of Baby gaining your trust but what about HandUnit? HandUnit gives you information that will get you killed. Could HandUnit perhaps be hacked by Baby to make you distrust the company, so, that if an employee or someone from the company says something bad about Baby that you end up trusting Baby more than the company?] On Night 3, before the player enters Funtime Auditorium for the first time, they have the option to visit Circus Control again, though HandUnit request that they do not. [This could be Baby testing your trust of her versus the company AKA HandUnit.] Doing so and climbing under the desk when they get there initiates a story from Baby, about when she used to perform at her own pizzeria. [This makes me question whether or not Baby is actually possessed by Elizabeth in this game. Somehow, Elizabeth knows about things that happened before her death including the number of children on the room before she entered. It's possible that all that data is saved in memory and Elizabeth is just using that memory to make Mike think she's just a highly advanced A.I. and not a possessed animatronic. But it does beg the question if Baby could be a highly advanced A.I. and Elizabeth could just be possessing an Endoskeleton somewhere that will eventually be a part of Ennard. Baby's eyes do change from the blue eyes in the minigame to the green eyes in main game, so, either the company changed the eyes, switched out the endoskeleton (which would make Elizabeth possessing the OG endoskeleton), or that souls have the ability to change eye color. I'm just gonna stick with the company changed the eyes in memory of Elizabeth and Elizabeth is still possessing Baby. No need to make this over complicated.] The story implies that Baby suddenly killed a young girl when she was alone in the room that Baby was performing in despite not attempting to. She makes her next appearance on Night 4. After the player is attacked by Funtime Foxy at the end of Night 3, she hides them in an empty springlock suit in the Scooping Room. [It slightly confuses me why they didn't just wear Mike's skin then and there instead of putting him in a springlock suit. Gaining trust wouldn't be necessary if the person is knocked out and you can just take the body. Perhaps they weren't fully prepared yet and put Mike in a Springlock Suit, so, that he believes Baby was hiding him away from the others.] When the player awakens, she will fill them in on their current situation, as well as tell them how she has learned to "pretend" over the years. [More evidence that Baby is just pretending to help you.] After Ballora's scooping, she will open the suit's faceplates before leaving, forcing the player to wait until the next day while they must defend against the Minireenas, Ballora's companions, who were freed after the scooping. [Where did all those Minireenas come from? Inside Ballora? Here's what I believe is happening here. Ballora on the morning before Night 4 was at a birthday party and kidnapped and killed a kid. The scooper scoops the possessed bits of metal out and turns them into Minireena creating multiple possessed Minireenas out of one soul. This could be the same way the Bidybabs are created. This also begs the question of why Fazbear Entertainment would want to do this. Remember, at this point Afton Robotics is owned by Fazbear Entertainment and William has most likely been missing for years, maybe since the MCI. This means that Fazbear Entertainment wants to learn how these souls work for some reason but what is that reason?] She makes her final and now physical appearance on Night 5 where the player must perform maintenance on her in Parts & Service. From this room, her Endoskeleton is almost entirely missing, taken and used to create Ennard, just like other previously scooped animatronics. Baby, as the consciousness of Ennard, lies to the player telling them that she is only pretending to be deactivated as she claimed that she could pretend, and hides in the room under the guise of being Ballora. [More evidence that Baby is only pretending to help you. Also, out of all the Funtime animatronics Baby picks Ballora to act as, why? Well, Baby and Ballora are the most humanoid of the characters at CBEAR and both are female. There could also be a deeper connection, I still don't know where the mom is, she could've left the family or died of natural causes but it's also possible that she could be Ballora and that's why Elizabeth picks to act as her.] Ennard (as Baby) instructs them to enter in a passcode on a keypad attached to Baby, and to obtain a card containing her voice. If the player is not fast enough inputting the code or if they punch the incorrect number in, Ennard's jumpscare in its massless form will occur. Afterwards, when following Ennard's instruction, in Funtime Auditorium, she assists the player in avoiding Ballora (who, in actuality, is assimilated into Ennard along with herself) and leads them to the Scooping Room. However, she, alongside the other animatronics, take on the form of Ennard during this period, and Baby reveals her intentions behind ensuring the player's survival; to use the Scooper to kill the player so that she may escape (via wearing the player's remains as a suit to disguise herself as a human) the facility. Her plot comes to fruition in the Real Ending. In the alternative scenario leading up.tonthe Fake Ending, should the player defu Baby's instructions, and instead head east in Funtime Auditorium, they (if the access keyboard from completing Baby's minigame is unlocked) will be allowed to enter the Private Room. HandUnit will inform the player that they cannot leave until 6 AM, and will subsequently be fired. Baby, as the consciousness and mind of Ennard, speaks to the player throughout the night, angered at their betrayal. Around 4 AM, Ennard will start to assume the voice of William Afton's daughter, possibly in a desperate effort to deceive the player into allowing them in their location. When the clock reaches 6 AM, the screen will fade to black, and Ennard, with Baby's voice, will say "I will find a way out"; the player's shift will then be completed. The player will then be watching another episode of "The Immortal and the Restless". [The name of the show could be a reference to Michael's immortality after being scooped at the end of SL and Elizabeth's restlessness as a soul possessing an animatronic forced to kill kids because of her programming.] When the television cuts to static, Ennard will then be seen limping into the player's view. Afterwards, the screen cuts to black, and the credits roll. She also makes an appearance in a minigame that the player can play at random after a death or from the Extras menu after getting the first ending. [The fact that this minigame can be played after Michael dies implies that the animatronics could be sharing their memories with you to explain why they want to wear you as a skin suit.] The goal of the game is to give all children present on the map various cupcakes the make them happy. The player is timed while doing this and must reach the goal at the end in order to succeed. Missing a jump or running out of time will cause Baby to dissipate, resulting in failure. The true ending of this minigame, however, will occur once the player has given all the children cupcakes in a specific pattern given on Night 4, causing an ice cream cone to appear in front of the end goal. [This memory is obviously supposed to be Elizabeth's memory of the day of her death. Of course, it's not 100% accurate to what happened, it's just a representation] The player must take this ice cream back to the beginning of the level. Once this is done, the ice cream will drop onto the ground in front of Baby and a little girl will appear. The girl will approach Baby slowly. When she is close enough, a robotic claw will extend from Baby's stomach, grabbing the girl and pulling her inside Baby's torso. This minigame mirrors the events told by Baby in Night 3. Sometime between the events of the fifth and sixth game, Circus Baby was ejected from Ennard (there is an exchange between Scott Cawthon's two websites displaying an exchange within Ennard in the source code to accompany this). [This seems to contradict the Ballora is Mrs. Afton theory. Why would Mrs. Afton kick her own daughter out of Ennard?] After being removed, Baby presumably found a way to rebuild her shell and eventually wound up in the alley behind Freddy Fazbear's Pizza Place trying to get inside, becoming Scrap Baby. [I assumed that the location Michael owns in FFPS was just another Freddy Fazbear's Pizza but it turns out it's called Freddy Fazbear's Pizza Place.] Here are some quotes from Circus Baby. SL Night 2: "I don't recognize you." [Elizabeth doesn't recognize her brother which implies that Michael had changed a lot since Elizabeth died or that she had just forgotten what her family looked like after not seeing them for so long.] "You are new. I remember this scenario. However, it's a strange thing to want to do, to come here. I'm curious what events will lead a person to want to spend their nights in a place like this willingly." [The word "willingly" implies that other technicians have worked at this place unwillingly.] "Maybe curiosity, maybe ignorance. There is a space under the desk, someone before you crafted it into a hiding place and it worked for him. I recommend that you hurry though. You will be safe there, just try not to make eye contact, it will be over soon. They will lose interest." "When your guide comes back online, he is going to tell you that he was unsuccessful, that you must restart the system manually." [Baby knows exactly what HandUnit is going to say, more evidence that she could be controlling HandUnit.] "He will then tell you to crawl through Ballora Gallery as fast as you can to reach the Breaker Room. If you follow his instructions, you will die. Ballora will not return to her stage anymore, she will catch you. The power will be restored shortly. When you crawl through Ballora Gallert, go slowly. She can not see you and can only listen for your movement. When you hear her music become louder, she is growing near, listening for you. Wait and be still." SL Night 3 (Baby's Story): "Did you know that I was on stage once? It wasn't for very long, only one day. What a wonderful day, though. I was in a small room with balloons and a few tables, though, but children would run in and out. Some were afraid of me, others enjoyed my songs. Music was always coming from somewhere else, down a hall. I would always count the children; I'm not sure why. I was always acutely aware of how many there were in the room with me. Two, then three, then two, then three, then four, then two, then none. They usually played together in groups of two or three." "I was covered in glitter. I smelled like birthday cake." [Baby can apparently smell things and retain smells in her memory in order for Elizabeth to know what it smelled like. Baby specifically says "birthday cake" which could indicate that it was someone's birthday, perhaps Elizabeth's.] "There were two, then three, then five, then four. I condo something special, did you know that? I can make ice cream, although I only did it once." [Using the ice cream to lure her victims towards her seem to be Baby's move, so, since she only did this once we can assume that the only child she killed was Elizabeth.] "There were four, then three, then two, then one. Something happened when there was one." "A little girl, standing by herself. I was no longer myself. And I stopped singing. My stomach opened and there was ice cream. I couldn't move, at least not until she stepped closer. There was screaming for a moment, but only for a moment. Then other children rushed in again, but they couldn't hear her over the sounds of their own excitement. I still hear her sometimes. Why did that happen?" SL Night 4: "Sssshhh, be still and quiet. You've been sleeping for quite a while. I think they noticed that you never left the building last night. The cameras were searching for you, but they couldn't find you. I have you hidden too well." "I kidnapped you." "Don't be afraid, I'm not going to hurt you. I'm only going to keep you for a little while. Try not to wiggle, though. You're inside something that came from my old pizzeria. I don't think it was ever used, at least not the way it was meant to be used." [The springlock suit was never used in CBPW. This could be because the location was never officially open but it could also be because it wasn't allowed to be used because of the Bite of '83. I feel like it makes more sense for Elizabeth's death to be after the Bite of '83 because it doesn't make sense for the springlock suit to be there and not be used on that day. That quote also tells us that the springlock suit was used for something it wasn't meant to but what?] "Too dangerous. It's just big enough for one person to fit inside, but just barely." "You're in the Scooping Room. Do you know why they call it the Scooping Room? It's because, dummy, this is the room where they use the scooper. I thought that would be obvious. Isn't that a fun name for something? The scooper. It sounds like something you would use for ice cream or custard or sprinkles." "It sounds like something you would want at your birthday party to ensure that you get a heaping portion of every good thing. I wonder, though, if you were a freshly opened pint of ice cream, how you would feel about something with that name. Thankfully, I don't think a freshly opened pint of ice cream feels anything at all." "Uh-oh. It sounds like someone else is in the building. Sssshhh." "There is something very important that I've learned how to do over time, do you know what that is? How to pretend. Do you ever play make believe? Pretend to be one way when you are really the other? It's very important. Ballora never learns, but I do." "They think there is something wrong on the inside. The only thing that matters is knowing...how...to...pretend." "I'll open the faceplates for you. That way they can find you on the cameras. Now all you have to do is wait. I'd recommend that you keep the springlocks wound up. Your breathing and your heartbeat are causing them to come loose. You don't want them to get too loose, trust me." SL Night 5: "Can you hear me? I'm pretending. Remember how I said that I could pretend? The cameras are watching, I must be careful not to move. Something bad happened yesterday." [This could be referring to the two technicians being hung. Speaking of those technicians, why not use those bodies? Do they have something against Michael?] "Something bad always happens." [This could be refering to the kidnapping and killing of kids which is the main function of the animatronics in CBEAR.] "I don't want it to happen again. There is something bad inside of me." [Most likely referring to her coding that tells her to kill.] "I'm broken. I can't be fixed." [I know this is about Circus Baby but I wanted to bring up BV. Just like Baby is now, BV was broken and a voice, that I said could be Charlie, told him they would put him back together. We know Baby is formed into one big animatronic known as Ennard which kind of fixes her but it's still important to note the "I can't be fixed" line. Perhaps it's hinting that BV doesn't become anyone but that it was just a starting point for what happened in the rest of the series. The voice could be William instead of Charlie and he promises to put his son back together but doesn't know how to, so, he starts his murders, in hopes of finding out how souls work so that he can bring his son's soul back. This would explain why BV isn't in FFPS despite that being the game where the families come together to end it all. BV was never brought back to life, so, the only family members left would be Michael, Elizabeth, and William (maybe Mrs. Afton as well, I'm not sure though, I feel like she would've been the main animatronic Ennard let take charge and not Funtime Freddy. I also don't see why she would kick out her own daughter).] "I'm going to be taken to the Scooping Room soon, but it's not going to fix what's wrong with me. What is bad is always left behind. Will you help me? I want you to save what is good so the rest can be destroyed and never recovered, but you must be careful. Ballora is here, in the room with hs." "Ballora will not return to her stage, Ballora will not return to her body. You must be careful, you must remain calm and listen to my voice. There is a button on my cheek. You must find it and press it. There is a passcode, that you must enter before retrieving me. Enter the code carefully." "1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9." "Good, a hatch should have opened. Take the card that you find inside." "Now you must turn back. I will guide you through Funtime Auditorium, so you can reach the Scooping Room. When you are there I want you to destroy this body. Put the card into your handheld device and I can continue to speak to you. Now, press the green button to your left, this will send me to the Scooping Room." "You must follow my instructions in Funtime Auditorium. Ballora is going to follow you. She will try to catch you. I will help you avoid her. She will not follow you inside the Scooping Room, she is afraid. Go back now." "Go forward. Stop. Go forward and left. Keep going. Stop. Be silent. Go forward and left. Stop. Go forward. You are almost there." "Stop. She is right in front of you. Don't move. He is here to help, Ballora. He is not here to hurt us. Ballora, he is here to help us. Go forward again, Ballora us behind you. She is afraid of the Scooping Room, she will not follow you." SL Real Ending: "You are in the Scooping Room now." "Funtime Foxy has already been here today." "Funtime Freddy has already been here today." "Ballora has already been here today." "Circus Baby has already been here today." "I've been out before, but they always put me back. They always pit us back inside. There is nowhere for us to hide here." "There is nowhere to go, when we look like this. But if we looked like you, then we could hide. If we looked like you, then we would have somewhere to go. The Scooper only hurts for a moment." SL Fake Ending: "Why didn't you trust me?" "Why didn't you trust me?" "Why didn't you believe me?" "Sometimes I don't understand why people do the things that they do." "I thought you liked me." "I thought I did everything right." "We don't want to hurt anyone, but we need you." "We need you, so that we can leave." "We need you, so that we can hide." "We need you, so that we can look like you." "If they find us like this, we won't be able to try again." "If they find us like this, we won't be able to try again." "You must help us." "You must let us inside the room." "You must let us inside the room." "Isn't this why you came here, to be with her again?" "I don't understand." "You won't die and it will only hurt for a moment." "I will find a way out." Here's some trivia about Circus Baby: 1: Despite being the prinary animatronic of the game, Baby herself never makes a physical appearance in a complete form during gameplay, nor does she ever play any role as an antagonist capable of attacking the player. The only time Baby makes a physical appearance is in the Parts/Service room; however, she is in a deactivated state. 2: Baby, in the first teaser of Sister Location looks different than her current in-game model, meaning this is likely a beta model of her. 3: According to William Afton, Baby's story, the minigame and the blueprint, Circus Baby has an ice-cream dispenser in her stomach, with the claw that had grabbed his daughter, Elizabeth. It is unknown how this is possible with her Endoskeleton, although this could be due to the advanced technology that the characters have. Addition to this, there is no possible opening, unless it is obstructed by the orange triangle, just like Funtime Freddy's body opening being obstructed by his belly. The claw was likely meant to hold the ice-cream. However, some fans speculate that the claw was meant to grab children. This can be further supported by the way Baby seems to place the ice cream on the ground, eerily similar to placing it a bait. The fan may be the access to open the ice-cream dispenser. 4: Judging by what Willian Afton's daughter said before Night 3, Circus Baby was built from her image. This means that she might actually be based on the pigtail girl from the Five Nights at Freddy's 4 minigames. [If Pigtail Girl is Elizabeth Afton this places Elizabeth's death after the FNAF 4 minigames. This adds to the idea that BV's death started William down the killing path as it's possible that he added the killing feature in Baby to learn more about souls and forgot about it until the day he brought Elizabeth to CBPW. This would explain why he would make a killing machine for her, it wasn't always made as a killing machine until after BV's death.] However, many speculate that the girl who appears at the end of the minigame before being grabbed by Baby is actually Elizabeth Afton, and her voice heard during the Nights are possibly flashbacks of what happened before she was killed. [Why would Michael be having these flashbacks? The only people confirmed to be there are Elizabeth and William. This seems to support the idea that souls can share their memories with you and Elizabeth is sharing her memories with Michael, so, that he would want to stay to find his sister.] 5: Baby is the only canon animatronic in the game to lack a jumpscare. She, along with BB, Phantom Mangle, and Phantom Puppet are the only canon antagonists from FNAF 1-6 to lack a jumpscare. However this is possibly debunked by the Baby minigame where she pulls Elizabeth into her torso, screaming. Despite this, she still lacks a jumpscare in the main game. 6: Baby has also never opened her face-plates, with the exception of the title screen, on Night t in the Parts/Service room, and the trailer. 7: Many people believe there is a code in Baby's story, judging by the numbers give. This code is used for the Death Minigame. 8: Baby has the most "Making of" images of any animatronic in the Extra menu, with 14. 9: According to her blueprints, Circus Baby stands at 7'2" tall. Ironically, despite having a child-like persona, Baby is actually far larger than the other animatronics in Circus Baby's Entertainment and Rental and possibly the tallest from FNAF 1-6, being a full foot taller than Ballora (6'2"), who is the second tallest known animatronic in the game. Strangely, she is depicted as being significantly shorter in the Death Minigame and promotional material gave the illusion that she was quite small. [This could mean that the animatronics did change between Elizabeth's death and the opening of CBEAR. This could mean the Endoskeleton was changed out and that Elizabeth is possessing the endoskeleton that will become the base of Ennard. Since we never see Baby until Night 5 we could be hearing the Endoskeleton speaking to us and not Baby.] The reason for this is unknown, however it may simply be done to deceive the player. Circus Baby also appeared bigger than Funtime Freddy in Parts & Service. It is possible that this was Baby's size when she was made before she was re-scaled for the trailer, or the podiums on which the animatronics stand. From this size, it is unknown how she fits the vents and doorways from Circus Gallery to Parts and Service. 10: Scott Cawthon said from his Steam post that either Baby or Ballora were the hardest to design, and also including endoskeletons. 11: In Parts/Service on Night 5, Baby has a similar 'slumped' position to that of Golden Freddy. [What's the connection between Baby and Golden Freddy? Well, let's assume BV does become someone, if he does it's most likely Shadow Freddy which is also slumped like Golden Freddy. Perhaps the connection is between Baby and Shadow Freddy, they're both siblings.] 12: Baby is the only animatronic from the game to appear in the ice-cream minigame. 13: Baby's eyes are green, yet her minigame sprite depicts her with blue eyes. This may be an oversight from Scott Cawthon, or possibly the eye color she had at her first original version of Circus Baby's Pizza World. This could also be related to the girl in the minigames, as her eyes are green. This may imply that Baby has been possessed by the aforementioned girl. This can be related to some horror movies where characters change their eye colors when they're not themselves. Though, this could just represent the blue rings surrounding Baby's eyes. Baby's true eyes in the minigame could just be black. This can be disproven when Baby grabs Elizabeth, her blue eyes turn completely black. 14: Like Funtine Freddy, Baby holds a microphone in her left hand. Aside from Freddy and most of his counterparts, Baby is, this far, the only animatronic to have a microphone. 15: From the game's files, there is a small image of a pigtail-less Baby head with red lighting. It is currently unknown where this is and what it could be. 16: Baby's endoskeleton is very similar to the metal parts of Viren, a boss character from The Desolate Hope. This applies to the other animatronics with the same unique endoskeletons. 17: Baby, along with Ennard, are the only two animatronics in the game to have minigame appearances. 18: Baby's voice line "You won't die" can be heard repeatedly during the last minigame cutscene of the Custom Night, though this may be Ennard using her voice. [Ennard brought Michael back to life.] Interestingly, her line is taken from the part of her actual quote during the Fake Ending. 19: In random segments of the game, one can hear an extremely deep voice, saying the numbers "1", "5", "7", and "8", in any given order. Putting this voice in a higher pitch reveals it to be similar to that if Baby's. It is unknown what this means. 20: Baby, the toy animatronics from the second game, and Ballora are the only known animatronics that possess eyelashes. 21: Circus Baby appears to be the only left-handed animatronic in the game, considering Funtime Freddy "wears" the hand-puppet, Bon-Bon, on his right hand, as do most right-handed ventriloquists. However, Foxy and his counterparts (excluding Mangle, Phantom Mangle, and Funtime Foxy) can also be left-handed, since they only have left hands. 22: From the blue-prints, from inside of her pigtails, each appear to be a wire-like "whip", meaning that she is possibly able to move her pigtails. Her pigtails might have the same function as Bonnie's ears. 23: The fact that Baby remains hidden throughout most of the game is very similar to how Freddy Faxbear from the first game tends to hide in shadowy areas throughout his pizzeria, as mentioned by the Phone Guy in Night 2. [Since FNAF 1 Freddy likes to hide in shadows he could be Shadow Freddy inside Freddy which draws another link between siblings.] 24: In the cutscene in the very beginning of the game, Baby's hips clip through her skirt. However, this can be only seen via the game files of the second scene of Baby, as this scene only shows her face, so this was probably left in by Scott as there was no need to fix it. 25: On Night 5 at Parts & Service, the opening front the lower part of her left arm clips through her skirt. Edit: I will be editing the timeline I made with new things I thought about in these posts, just so I have aog of my Timeline with all the changes instead of making a new timeline post with some minor changes. Edit 2: Timeline is updated.
2020.01.07 03:49 steventristengMore Policies to Mitigate Gun Violence that are not "gun control".
I think anti-gun advocates believe that because we are against gun-control measures, we don't care about gun violence. People see gun violence and expect government officials to do something, anything. I have been trying to create a list of policies that do not further gun-control that could mitigate gun violence. After reading a post by u/virtue_honor_courage today, I was inspired to put some of my thoughts into writing. I have limited my list to ones that are most likely to be taken most seriously by those who aren't as pro-gun. Some of my ideas are very similar to his post, but I had so much that I thought it required separate post. I also included some links that support some of my ideas. You'll notice many of sources are actually from more left-leaning media. This may help to convince your democrat friends and representatives. Policies That May Have an Impact in Mitigating Gun Violence 1) Penalize for failure to update NICS database. (I believe a background check itself is an infringement, but it’s not going away. We might as well at least be forced to update it.) There multiple cases where a shooter obtained a firearm from a gun shop after passing a background check. After the shooting, people find out that they only passed the check because the NICS system was not updated. A waiting period, as some on the left have suggested, wouldn’t fix someone not updating the system. FBI database for gun buyers missing millions of records - The Washington Post (https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/fbi-database-for-gun-buyers-missing-millions-of-records/2017/11/10/dd87ff8c-c4c4-11e7-aae0-cb18a8c29c65_story.html) 2) Research mental health and illnesses: How mental health affects people, how to recognize signs of mental illness, how to best deal with mental illness (especially without medication) and research the effects of certain drugs, specifically psychotropic drugs. Is it Drugs Not Guns that Cause Violence? HuffPost Life (https://www.huffpost.com/entry/is-it-drugs-not-guns-that_b_2393385) Psychiatric Drugs and Violence: A Review of FDA Data Finds A Link Psychology Today (https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/mad-in-america/201101/psychiatric-drugs-and-violence-review-fda-data-finds-link) 3) Combat urban gun violence with targeted, evidence-based, community interventions: (This is very similar to a couple things u/FrontierEnergy and u/virtue_honor_courage mentioned in the post mentioned earlier.) Create govt programs to help people obtain jobs in order to dissuade people from joining violent groups. Create govt programs / businesses that hire employees with a record so that they don’t feel the need to resort to theft or violence. Appropriate more money to parks and rec in urban / suburban areas to create more extra-curriculars for students. Here is an example of policy that is somewhat similar that was effective in Oakland (credit: u/FrontierEnergy ) https://www.huffpost.com/entry/oakland-california-decrease-gun-violence_n_5cf6d690e4b02b1bef0900f4 4) Incentivize safe firearm storage (in lieu of HB72): Make firearm safe purchases exempt from sales tax. Consider tax credit, exemption, write-off, or reimbursement for proof of purchase of a safe firearm storage unit. 5) Require that secondary schools provide an ELECTIVE course for students to learn how to safely OPERATE and use a firearm. Course could also include firearm laws, conflict resolution, scaling force, training with Firearm replicas, etc Make this strictly an elective so students can choose to take the course or not. This could also count as "proof of competency with a handgun." This needs to be worded VERY carefully so that it does not become a "gun safety" class where students are persuaded into gun-control narratives or other partisan agendas. 6) Require that K-12 schools in the commonwealth have at least one school resource officer on the premises at all times. Most schools even in the wealthier parts of the state like Loudoun and Fairfax don't even have an SRO on school grounds at all times. They are often part-time between multiple schools. Some will argue that the officer will be getting paid to sit around all day. If that is the case, we should give them more roles in the school: monitor security footage, perform secretarial actions relating to admitting visitors into the building, act as a teacher-assistant in under-staffed classrooms, provide coverage for teachers if needed, take on school duties for teachers (student supervision during flexible times, loading / unloading buses, parent pick up line, etc), and/or take on roles that will allow the officer to interact with students in the school in a positive manner (like sponsoring clubs, giving presentations in social studies classrooms). 7) Eliminate CHP application fee. Allows all citizens the opportunity to obtain a permit. CHP holders are thoroughly vetted and have been found to commit crime at a lower rate than even law enforcement. Concealed Carry Permit Holders Across the United States: 2016 by John R. Lott :: SSRN (https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2814691) Govt-set financial barriers to entry are discriminatory at the least, and could also be considered racist. (I think CHP are an infringement, but it would be unrealistic to push for constitutional carry at this point.) https://rss.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1740-9713.2014.00732.x 8) Allow CHP holders to be exempt from gun-free zones with permission. Allow schools and places of worship to choose to allow people to concealed carry, if they would like. We just saw in Texas where a man saved countless lives by shooting and killing a would-be mass-shooter in a place of religious observance (which are often gun-free zones in most states, including Virginia). This was also the The least they could do is allow schools and churches to choose for themselves. Stolen firearms are often acquired by taking them from an unoccupied vehicle. They’re safer being carried by CHP holders than being left for criminals to steal. (credit u/virtue_honor_courage ). https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/public-safety/more-than-100-guns-taken-from-cars-this-year-in-richmond-police-say/2019/07/30/03f8fc2a-b32a-11e9-8f6c-7828e68cb15f_story.html https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/sep/21/gun-theft-us-firearm-survey 9) Provide taxpayer-funded courses for public to learn how to safely OPERATE firearms Or At least make this sales-tax exempt and consider tax credit, exemption, write-off, or reimbursement for proof of purchase of such a course. I would recommend that these courses include hands-on training with SIRT pistols or something similar. I would prefer hands-on training but would settle for classes that at least fulfill "proof of competency with a handgun." Specify that these courses are NOT regulated by the government. They don’t have to be NRA, but giving the govt power to control these courses allows them to discriminate or make owning a gun near impossible. 10) Create standards for LE to report and record incidents involving gun crime efficiently, effectively, accurately, and in greater detail. I would like details specifically about make and model of the firearm used. I have perused FBI records of mass-shootings and they give very little information about the weapons used aside from just saying "pistol, shotgun, or rifle". Related, but not actual policy: Media outlets should choose not to use names and photos of offender to give them infamy. Attention encourages copycats. Encourage people, especially the media, to not make guns taboo. That is part of why evil people use them in violent crimes / homicide.
Libyan National Army Eastern Command HQ Sirte, Libya Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar longed for the front line. The old soldier in him wanted nothing more than to head to the front, pick up an AK-47 like the old days and lead the charge against those terrorists in front of Tripoli. But his body was unable to take those rigors anymore and pleaded from the government types back in Tobruk has caused him to see reason. He was far more useful and important overseeing the entire war effort behind the frontlines rather than from it. So he has resigned him to stay far enough back that artillery and air strikes couldn’t destroy his communication lines but close enough that he could feel a part of the battle, even if that battle was 100 miles away. A runner from the communications room rushed into his makeshift office and handed over a report. Intelligence believed that those bastards loyal to Tripoli were tired of the recent fighting and were still on their backfoot. Now that Misrata, Tripoli, and Garyan were the frontlines of the war, they were scrambling to find an effective defense. It was the perfect opportunity to strike and strike hard. The only problem was that his own LNA forces were equally tired. Following the crafty assaults in the west and to take Sirte, his forces had seen massive gains and although morale was extremely high, there was only so much that a tired body and stretched logistical train could do. The closest thing he had to fresh troops were still training with the Egyptians and the nearly 2000 Egyptians that were promised were still a month or so away from being deployable. Haftar noticed that he might be able to take advantage of one more assault using reserves from the last few months of fighting to drive the attack before allowing his forces to rest, re-equip, and for the logistics lines to fully catch up for the final blows. It wouldn’t be a major attack by any means but hit at just the right point, it might be just what his forces needed to maintain initiative and cripple the abilities of the Tripoli Government. Operation CassiusBattleplan Map Link Operation Cassius is named and inspired by one of the greatest fighters of all time: Cassius Clay aka Muhammad Ali. Ali was famous for his attack style. Move quickly, hit hard. He was also well known for his impressive right jab and left hook as well as his strong uppercuts. Operation Cassius is set to emulate the great boxer and provide a powerful right jab on the western front with a quick strike towards Kohms on the coast before pounding the ailing GNA forces on east and west flanks of this strike to obtain a proper cutoff of Misrata from Tripoli. Objective 1 The first objective is for the units of the 309th Mechanized Infantry, 9th Brigade, and 188th Brigade to begin what would appear to be the next logical attack which is towards Misrata. This is where the last usable major airport is in GNA control. This will hopefully shift some forces from western areas of Misrata towards the defense of the town. A moderate grouping of airstrikes will attempt to help sell this as a major portion of the attack. (Map Marker 2 indicates this portion) Objective 2 In order to continue the ruse that Misrata is not a feint attack and confuse the forces in Tripoli to maintain positions, bombardments will begin in the southeastern suburbs with some light probing. This is merely meant to hold the forces in Tripoli back from actually massively relocating for fear of the weakening Tripoli. The 1st Brigade will be responsible for these probes. (Map Marker 4 indicates this portion) Objective 3 The main force is going to attack towards Msallata and Khoms in the center of Tripoli and Misrata. Reserves from the 106th Brigade with significant bolstering of the 166th Mechanized Infantry Brigade will focus their attacks on Msallata and later on Khoms. A moderate sized force is expected in the area so CAS is expected to support the advance. Upon taking Khoms itself, the 106th will swing east and the 166th will swing west. Hopefully they will give a corridor to allow safe resupply and give us time should the units in Misrata attempt to break back towards Tirpoli or Tripoli attempts to relieve the forces there. (Map markers 1 and 3 indicates this objective) Operation Cassius ResultsConclusion Map Link Operation Cassius relied heavily on the success of the recent assaults. As what happens in any major campaign by limited forces, eventually both sides tire out. In this case, the LNA banked on the GNA forces being more tired and demoralized and it paid off. Objective 1 The 309th, 9th, and 188th Brigades were the least likely to achieve much in their assault and performed above expectations despite this. While they initially saw heavier resistance, the GNA was forced to provide reinforcements to western areas of Misrata late in the offensive. This allowed the forces on the Misrata axis to advance 25 miles after weeks of fighting had drained their supply to dangerous levels. They were the first to start the attack and the last units told to return to a defensive posture. The LNA lost 415 men KIA/WIA in the assault. The GNA lost 276 KIA/WIA. Objective 2 The 1st Brigade did just as they were asked. They provided some sporadic fighting in and around the southeastern suburbs of Tripoli. It was not entirely clear how effective this was as only a few blocks were taken before their positions would have become too dangerous to hold. The LNA lost 31 men KIA/WIA. The GNA lost 18 men KIA/WIA. Objective 3 The primary objective was a meat grinder for both sides and in different phases of the battle. LNA troops saw quick victory early when they managed to brush aside the defenders in Msallata. Many reports seem to indicate that the militias in the area turned a full retreat at seeing the LNA forces advance towards the town but it would appear that they were luring LNA forces into a trap. The outskirts of Khoms were presighted by artillery from within the city and had begun a bombardment on the forces attempting to cross the few bridges along the outer creeks. Nearly 200 men became trapped at one point suffering massive casualties before the remaining forces could find a fjord further upstream and link up with them. Luckily CAS was available and managed to hit many of the artillery but one LNA MiG-22 was lost to MANPADS fire from within Khoms. Still, with the artillery silenced, the defenders in Khoms could not hold back nearly 6000 troops and were pushed back east into Misrata. The second phase of the battle turned into a meat grinder for both sides. The LNA used the confusion early on to begin securing towns along the coast but as they pushed west of Aluluas and east of the suburbs of Khoms, the GNA began a desperate counter attack to wipe out the forces. After significant early losses on both flanks, the LNA forces dug in and allowed their superior air support and artillery support to inflict massive casualties upon the counter attacking GNA forces. The LNA lost 3481 men KIA/WIA. The GNA lost 4245 men KIA/WIA. [M] June 2020 The Battle of Khoms would be the bloodiest battle to data in the Second Libyan Civil War. Though it was successful for the LNA in opening cutting off the GNA yet again, the fatigue and desperation by both sides to fight the war would show both sides that this war needed to come to a quick close. Both armies were in desperate need of supply and rest before further operations could begin by either side. [M] This is a mod approved battle post. All casualties are determined with RNG.
2019.08.18 21:11 infosec-jobsCyber Security, Specialist in Montreal, QC, CA (on-site full-time)
At Bell, we do more than build world-class networks, develop innovative services and create original multiplatform media content – we’re revolutionizing how Canadians communicate. If you’re ready to bring game-changing ideas to life and join a community that values bold ideas, professional growth and employee wellness, we want you on the Bell team. Bell is making unmatched investments in our world-leading broadband fibre and wireless networks because we know they’re the backbone of the products and services our customers love. If you’re excited about transforming the way people connect, our Network team is the right place for you. This is a technical role responsible to prevent, detect and mitigate security events. Daily activities include cyber threats analysis, security event and incident management. The senior security analyst must demonstrate an appreciation and ability to function within the Bell security operating. The specific focus of the position requires knowledge for the management of all operational, processes, procedures and technological capabilities required to support both internal and external managed services customers. The senior analyst is required to rapidly demonstrate an understand of each of the managed customer contractual requirements as it relates to operational performance and deliverables, the respective internal infrastructure and inter-networking relationships as well as the required security operating practices as defined by the contracts. The position is during regular office hours, with after hours availability (pager) to fulfill a 7/24 operational requirement. The role, as required, must also be capable of serving within a SIRT as called upon, to contribute or lead specific investigation. Responsibilities: (For Bell SOC external and internal customers) Investigate security events and incidents Deliver recommendations to continuously improve detection, escalation, containment and resolution of incidents Enhance existing incident response methods, tools and processes Collect, assess, and publish threat indicators Maintain knowledge of the current security threat level by monitoring related Internet postings, intelligence reports, and related sources Perform comparative analysis on results collected against threats, vulnerabilities and other malicious technological programs launched through the internet. Perform malware analysis and reverse engineering Perform Network Security Monitoring Participate in on-call rotation Available for extended hours in the event of a major incident The Senior Security analyst – Lvl3 act in a Bell Canada security operating environments. The specific focus of the position requires knowledge for the management of all operational applications, processes and technological capabilities required to support the managed security deliverables within all security operating centers. The incumbent is required to understand each of the managed customer contracted requirements as it relates to operational performance and deliverables, the respective internal infrastructure and inter-networking relationships as well as the required security operating practices as defined by the contracts. Accountabilities: Review and interpret alerts and provide diagnostics during incident management and analysis to support clients. (as a LVL3) Perform comparative analysis on results collected against threats, vulnerabilities and other malicious technological programs launched through the internet. Based on the nature of the security threat, assess and establish mitigation steps to ensure appropriate treatment as well as ensure notification of the customer and management as appropriate. Proactively manage all perimeter security equipment, intrusion detection and prevention systems, information event management systems (SIEM), data correlation tools and/or system components as may be required to interrupt or affect the above threat. Configure, implement, manage and maintain security devices as well as provide general knowledge and recommendations for security best practices. Receive customer requests. Participate in new customer and services integration. Prepare implementation of services. Develop, maintain and update documentation associated to production releases. Adhere to best practices for security management. Provide 2nd and 3rth level response to security threats and vulnerabilities and able to analyze event logs, syslogs, and other data sources to determine the root cause of security events and provide a recommendation to resolve the event. Responsibilities include: Analyzing security events, incidents and problems to provide recommendations on action Actioning escalated incidents, problems and service requests in a timely manner Owning and managing tickets through to resolution Maintaining the relationship to keep clients and management informed and throughout the incident, problem and change management cycles Proactive monitoring of client environments using specialized security applications Performing audit and analysis functions on client data Ongoing training and certification to maintain your technical skills at the highest level Participation in a weekly after hours on-call rotation In the customer integration he act as a SME. (Process integration + technical integration, documentation, training) In the operations, he is the one who should challenge the customer when the requirements are not aligned on security best practices. He is part of all customer major projects and he is responsible to document all changes. (lvl3 don’t have access in the production environments. They are responsible to document the work instruction for the technician who will push the change in Production.) Perform cap and perf reports Participate to monthly calls with customers This specialty covers integration, implementation, modification, and coordination of the installation, testing, operation, troubleshooting, and maintenance of hardware and software systems. Functions may include conducting needs analyses, planning and scheduling the installation of new or modified hardware/software, developing functional and technical requirements and specifications, allocating systems resources, managing accounts, documentation, and access to systems and equipment, monitoring the performance, capacity, availability, service ability, and recoverability of installed systems, implementing security procedures and tools, maintaining systems configuration, managing the installation and integration of system patches updates, and enhancements, and ensuring the rigorous application of information security/information assurance policies, principles, and practices. Specific Experience: Experience / Knowledge of variety of Intrusion Detection platforms Experience / Knowledge of SIEM technology – HP Arcsight ESM CISSP and any GIAC certification or similar certification desirable Proven experience performing analysis of security events to determine root cause and provide resolution Certification in security incident and event management systems such as ArcSight or enVision Very strong working knowledge of security tools such as firewalls, IDS/IPS, A/V, anti-spam, content management, server and network device hardening Competence in using an internal and external ticketing system for ITIL-based incident, problem and change management Previous experience in troubleshooting day-to-day operational processes such as report generation, data verification, data correlation, etc. Excellent oral, written and documentation skills Methodical and creative approach to problem-solving Completion of University or College program in Computer Science; or 5 years of equivalent industry experience in the information systems field. Proven experience in the design, implementation and troubleshooting of operational security solutions. Proven experience in the implementation, daily management and troubleshooting of firewalls of multiple vendors. Proven experience in the daily management and troubleshooting of the intrusion prevention systems (IPS). Experience translating complex and ambiguous problems into actionable components. Excellent communication and presentation skills. Excellent communication skills in both English and French (written and spoken) Desired Assets: Knowledge of NIST, ISO 27001, ITIL, SAS70 (or 5970) and/or other compliance frameworks; Understanding of mitigating controls at the systems, network, and application level (VPN, Firewalls, Intrusion detection and prevention, security information event management systems (SIEM), server hardening and encryption technologies). Experience with tools used for Security (Arcsight, Tuffin, Provider1) Thorough knowledge of security information events management (SIEM) and server hardening and encryption. Experience in building UseCases within Arcsight.
Bilingualism is an asset (English and French); adequate knowledge of French is required for positions in Quebec. Additional Information: Position Type: Management Job Status: Regular – Full Time Job Location: Canada : Quebec : Montreal Application Deadline: 08/20/2019 Please apply directly online to be considered for this role. Applications through email will not be accepted. At Bell, we don’t just accept difference – we celebrate it. We’re committed to fostering an inclusive, equitable, and accessible workplace where every team member feels valued, respected, and supported, and has the opportunity to reach their full potential. We welcome and encourage applications from people with disabilities. Accommodations are available on request for candidates taking part in all aspects of the selection process. For a confidential inquiry, simply email your recruiter directly or [email protected] to make arrangements. If you have questions regarding accessible employment at Bell please email our Diversity & Inclusion Team at [email protected]. Read more / apply: https://infosec-jobs.com/job/cyber-security-specialist-7/
"I'm gonna bomb the shit out of them" - Donald Trump, 45th President of the United States. Following an Agreement between France, Italy and Libya the Italian navy has been given permission to begin limited airstrikes against Haftar's forces, more specifically his air force. The Giuseppe Garibaldi, NMM Andrea Doria, a Horizon-class destroyer, NMM Libeccio, a Maestrale-class frigate, NMM Etna, an Etna-class auxiliary ship, NMM Comandante Borsini and Comandante Bettica, two Comandanti-class offshore patrol vessel. The Garibaldi will be outfitted with 8 F-35Bs, 4 × AW101 Merlin anti-submarine warfare helicopters and Boarding teams from the San Marco Regiment. The force will be charged with carrying out a strike on the Al Jufrah airbase in the dead of night. The strike force will be parked just off the coast and fly between Sirte and Abugrein to hopefully avoid detection, even if they are detected it's unlikely that Haftar has more than antiquated AA-cannons. 5 minutes before the strike is expected Haftar's forces will be given a warning to evacuate the region. The strike will target hangers, control towers, commander centers and fuel and ammo dumps. Runways will be targeted using Anti-Runway bombs designed to borrow down under the pavement before exploding rendering them inoperable for a much longer time. It is hoped that this attack, combined with the cut off of Russian supplies and PMCs will convince Haftar to come to the negotiating table.
We, the Libyan People of the Libyan Confederation, in our best judgment, and our ability in creating a system of governance that adheres to liberty, democracy, independence, peace, and solidarity towards the world, determined, with mutual respect, to live our diversity in unity, conscious of our common achievements, and our duty to future generations, certain that a free person is only one who uses his freedom, and that the strength of a people is measured by the welfare of the many, hereby adopt this Constitution for the Libyan Confederation. Title 1 General Provisions Article 1 Libyan Confederation The Libyan People and the Districts of Butnan, Derna, Jabal al Akhdar, Marj, Benghazi, Al Wahat, Kufra, Sirte, Misrata, Murqub, Tripoli, Jafara, Zawiya, Nuqat al Khams, Jabal al Gharbi, Nalut, Jufra, Wadi al Shatii, Sabha, Wadi al Hayaa, Ghat, and Murzuq form the Libyan Confederation. Article 2 Purpose
The Libyan Confederation protects the liberty and rights of the people, and ensures the independence and security of the confederation.
It also proclaims the common welfare, development, cohesion, and cultural diversity of the country.
It guarantees the highest possible degree of equal opportunities for all citizens.
It promotes the long-term liberties of its citizens, and peaceful international order.
Article 3 Districts
The districts are sovereign insofar as their sovereignty is not limited by the Federal Constitution; they exercise all rights not transferred to the Confederation.
Article 4 National Languages
The National Languages are Arabic, Tamazight, Tedaga, Ghadamès, Awjila, Nafusi, and Tamahaq.
Article 5 Rule of Law
The law is the basis for and limitation of state activity
State activity must be in public interest and proportional
State institutions and private entities must act in good faith.
Confederation and Districts respect international law
For the assignment and fulfillment of state functions, the principle of subsidiarity be observed.
Article 6 Individual and Social Responsibility
Every person is responsible for himself or herself and advances, according to his or her abilities, the functions of state and society.
Title 2 Basic, Civil, and Social Rights Chapter 1 Basic Rights Article 7 Human Dignity
Human dignity is to be respected and protected
Article 8 Equality
All humans are equal before the law
Nobody may be discriminated against, namely for his or her origin, race, sex, age, language, social position, way of life, religious, philosophical, or political convictions
Men and women have equal rights. The law provides for legal and factual equality, particularly in the family, during education, and at the workplace. Men and women have the right to equal pay for work of equal value.
The law provides for measures to eliminate disadvantages of disabled people
Article 9 Protection Against Arbitrariness and Preservation of Good Faith
Every person has the right to be treated by state institutions without arbitrariness and in good faith
Article 10 Right to Life and Personal Freedom
Every person has the right to life. The death penalty is prohibited.
Every person has the right to personal liberty, namely to corporal and mental integrity and freedom of movement.
Torture and any other form of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment are prohibited.
Article 11 Protection of Children and Adolescents
Children and adolescents have the right to special protection of the personal integrity and to promotion of their development.
They exercise their rights according to their capacity to discern.
Article 12 Right to Aid in Distress
Whoever is in distress without the ability to take care of himself or herself has the right to help and assistance and to the means indispensable for a life led in human dignity.
Article 13 Protection of Privacy
Every person has the right to respect for his or her private and family life, home, and secrecy of mail and telecommunication.
Every person has the right to be protected against abuse of personal data.
Article 14 Right to Marriage and Family
The rights to marriage and family are guaranteed.
Article 15 Freedom of Faith and Conscience
The freedom of faith and conscience is guaranteed.
Every person has the right to freely choose his or her religion or non-denominational belief and to profess them alone or in community with others.
Every person has the right to join or belong to a religious community and to receive religious education.
No person may be forced to join a religious community, to conduct a religious act or participate in religious education.
Article 16 Freedom of Opinions and Information
The freedom of opinion and information is guaranteed.
Every person has the right to form, express, and disseminate his or her opinions freely.
Every person has the right to receive information freely, to gather it from generally accessible sources, and to disseminate it.
Article 17 Freedom of the Media
The freedom of the press, radio and television as well as all other forms of public broadcasting of productions and information is guaranteed.
Censorship is prohibited.
Editorial secrecy is guaranteed.
Article 18 Freedom of Language
Editorial secrecy is guaranteed.
Article 19 Right to Primary Education, Science, and Art
The right to sufficient and free primary education is guaranteed.
The freedom of scientific research and teaching is guaranteed
The freedom of art is guaranteed
Article 20 Freedom of Assembly and Association
The freedom of assembly is guaranteed.
Every person has the right to organize assemblies, to participate in or to abstain from them. The freedom of association is guaranteed.
Every person has the right to form associations, to join or to belong to them, and to participate in their activities.
Nobody may be forced to join or to belong to an association.
Article 21 Freedom of Domicile
Libyan citizens have the right to establish domicile anywhere within the country.
They have the right to leave or to return to the Libyan Confederation
Article 22 Protection Against Expulsion, Extradition, and Removal by Force
Libyan citizens may not be expelled from the country; they may be extradited to a foreign authority only with their consent.
Refugees may not be removed by force or extradited to a state in which they are persecuted.
Nobody may be removed by force to a state where he or she is threatened by torture or other means of cruel and inhuman treatment or punishment.
Article 23 Guarantee to property
Property is guaranteed.
Expropriation and restrictions of ownership equivalent to expropriation are fully compensated.
Article 24 Economic Freedom
Economic freedom is guaranteed.
In particular, it entails the free choice of profession as well as free access to and free exercise of private economic activity.
Article 25 Freedom to Unionize
Employees, employers, and their organizations have the right to unionize for the protection of their interests, to form unions and to join or refrain from joining them.
Conflicts ought to be settled by negotiation and mediation as far as possible.
Strike and lockout are permitted, provided they concern labor relations and do not violate any obligation to keep labor peace or to resort to conciliation.
The law may prohibit strikes by certain groups of persons.
Article 26 General Procedural Guarantees
In judicial and administrative proceedings, every person has the right to equal and fair treatment as well as adjudication within reasonable time.
The parties have the right to be heard.
Every person lacking the necessary means has the right to free legal assistance, provided the case does not seem to lack any merit. To the extent necessary for the protection of one's rights, the person also has the right to free legal counsel.
Article 27 Guarantee of Legal Proceedings
Every person has the right to have legal disputes decided by judicial authority. The Confederation and the Districts may in exceptional cases exclude judicial proceedings.
Article 28 Judicial Proceedings
Every person whose case is to be decided in judicial proceedings has the right to a court established by law, with jurisdiction, independence, and impartiality. Exceptional tribunals are prohibited.
Every person subjected to civil action has the right to have the case adjudicated by the court of his or her domicile. The law may provide for another venue.
Court hearings and pronouncements of judgments are public. The law may provide for exceptions.
Article 29 Habeas Corpus A person may only be deprived of his or her liberty in the cases and following the forms provided by law.
Every person deprived of his or her liberty has the right to be informed promptly, in a language which he or she understands, of the reasons for his or her arrest and of his or her rights. The person has to have the opportunity to assert his or her rights. In particular, he or she has the right to have his or her close relatives informed.
Every person taken into pretrial detention has the right to be brought before a judge without delay; the judge decides whether the person remains in detention or is released. Every person held in pretrial detention is entitled to trial within a reasonable time.
Every person deprived of his or her liberty without a trial is entitled to access to a court at any time. The court decides as soon as possible on the lawfulness of the detention.
Article 30 Criminal Procedure
Everyone is to be presumed innocent until sentenced according to law.
Everyone charged with a criminal offence has the right to be informed promptly and comprehensively of the accusation against him or her. He or she must have the opportunity to assert his or her rights of defence.
Every condemned person has the right to have the judgement reviewed by a higher court. Provided the case is not adjudicated by the Federal Court as court of first and last instance.
Article 31 Right to Petition * Every person has the right to address petitions to authorities; no disadvantages may arise from using this right.
The authorities have to take cognizance of petitions.
Article 32 Political Rights
The political rights are guaranteed.
The guarantee of political rights protects the free formation of opinion by the citizens and the unaltered expression of their will in ballots.
Article 33 Realization of Fundamental Rights
Fundamental rights have to be effectuated throughout the entire legal system.
Whoever exercises a state function is bound to the fundamental rights and obliged to contribute to their implementation.
The authorities ensure that fundamental rights, as far as they are suitable, also become effective among private parties.
Article 34 Limitations of Fundamental Rights
Limitations of fundamental rights require a basis in law. Serious limitations have to be expressly provided for in a statute. Cases of clear and present danger not to be avoided by other means are exempt.
Limitations of fundamental rights have to be justified by public interest or by the protection of fundamental rights of others.
Limitations have to satisfy the principle of proportionality.
The essence of fundamental rights is inviolable.
Chapter 2 Citizenship and Political Rights Article 35 Citizenships
A Libyan citizen is, who has the citizenship of a Municipality and the citizenship of the District.
No person may be granted a privilege or be disadvantaged because of his or her citizenship rights. Exempt are provisions regarding political rights in home communities and corporations as well as rights to a share in their property as long as district law does not provide otherwise.
Article 36 Acquisition and Loss of Citizenship
The Confederation regulates the acquisition and the loss of citizenship by descent, marriage and adoption. In addition, it regulates the loss of Libyan citizenship for other reasons, as well as the restoration of citizenship.
The Confederation sets minimal standards for the naturalization of foreigners by the Districts, and grants naturalization permits.
The Confederation facilitates the naturalization of stateless children.
Article 37 Exercise of Political Rights
The Confederation regulates the exercise of political rights in federal matters; the Districts regulate the exercise of these rights in district and municipal matters.
Political rights are exercised at the domicile. The Confederation and the Districts may provide for exceptions.
No person may exercise political rights in more than one District.
The Districts may provide that new residents exercise their political rights in district and municipal matters only after a waiting period of up to three months following their taking of residence.
Article 38 Libyan citizens domiciled abroad
The Confederation supports relations among Libyan citizens domiciled abroad as well as their links with the Libyan Confederation. The Confederation may support organizations pursuing this goal.
The Confederation adopts rules on the rights and duties of Libyan citizens abroad, in particular regarding the exercise of political rights on the federal level, on the duty to render military or substitute service, on welfare and on social security.
Chapter 3 Social Goals Article 39 General Provisions
The Confederation and the Districts, in addition to personal responsibility and private initiative, furthers the achievement that;
every person shares in social security;
every person, for his or her health, receives the necessary care;
families as communities of adults and children are protected and supported;
workers can sustain their living through work under adequate conditions;
people looking for housing can find for themselves and for their family adequate housing at acceptable conditions;
children and youths as well as people of working age can further their education and training according to their abilities;
Children and youths are encouraged in their development to become independent and socially responsible persons and are supported in their social, cultural, and political integration.
The Confederation and the Districts are working towards the goal that every person is insured against the economic consequences of old age, disability, illness, accidents, unemployment, maternity, orphan hood, and widowhood.
They try to achieve the social goals within their constitutional competencies and with the resources available to them.
From social goals no direct claims to state subsidies may be derived.
Title 3 Confederation, Districts, and Municipalities Chapter 1 Relationship between the Confederation and the Districts Section 1 Tasks of the Confederation and the Districts Article 40 Tasks of the Confederation
The Confederation accomplishes tasks allocated to it by the Constitution.
Article 41 Tasks of the Districts
The Districts define the tasks to be accomplished within the framework of their competencies.
Article 42 Principles for the Allocation and Fulfillment of State Functions
The Confederation only undertakes tasks that the Districts are unable to perform or which require uniform regulation by the Confederation.
The collective body that benefits from a public service bears the costs thereof.
The collective body that bears the costs of a public service may decide on the nature of that service.
Access to basic services must be available to everyone in a comparable manner.
State functions must be fulfilled in accordance with demand and efficiently.
Section 2 Cooperation between the Confederation and the Districts Article 43 Principles
The Confederation and the Districts support each other in the fulfillment of their responsibilities and work together.
They owe each other consideration and support. They grant each other administrative and judicial assistance.
Disputes between Districts or between Districts and the Confederation are as far as possible resolved through negotiation or mediation.
Article 44 Participation in Federal Decision making
The Districts participate, according to the Constitution, in federal decision-making, particularly regarding legislation.
The Confederation timely and comprehensively informs the Districts of its projects; it obtains their consideration whenever their interests are concerned.
Article 45 Implementation of Federal Law
The Districts implement federal legislation according to the Constitution and the law.
Confederation and Districts may agree that the Districts in implementing federal law meet specific targets and, to this purpose, conduct programs financially supported by the Confederation.
The Confederation allows the Districts the greatest possible organizational discretion and takes into account district particularities.
Article 46 Autonomy of the Districts
The Confederation preserves the autonomy of the Districts.
It leaves the Districts sufficient functions of their own and respects their organizational autonomy. It leaves the Districts sufficient financial resources and contributes towards ensuring that they have the financial resources required to fulfil their functions.
Article 47 Interdistrict Treaties
The Districts may adopt interdistrict treaties and create common organizations and institutions. They may, in particular, fulfill tasks of regional interest together.
The Confederation may participate within the limits of its competencies.
Interdistrict treaties may not be contrary to the law or interest of the Confederation or to the rights of other Districts. They have to be made known to the Confederation.
The Districts may authorise interdistrict bodies by interdistrict treaty to issue legislative provisions implementing an interdistrict treaty, provided this treaty:
has been approved according to the same procedure that applies to legislation;
Determines the fundamental substance of the subject matter.
The Districts comply with interdistrict law.
Article 48 Interdistrict Standardization and Duty to Participate
At the request of interested Districts, the Confederation may, in the following matters, declare interdistrict treaties generally binding or require Districts to participate in interdistrict treaties:
the execution of criminal penalties and measures;
school education in the matters specified in Article 63 (4);
cultural institutions of supra-regional importance;
advanced medical science and specialist clinics;
Institutions for the rehabilitation and care of invalids.
The declaration as a mandatory standard is achieved by federal decree.
The law specifies the requirements for a declaration of general application and for a participation requirement and regulate the procedure.
Article 49 Supremacy of and Respect for Federal Law
Federal law takes precedence over contrary district law.
The Confederation ensures the adherence to the Federal law by the Districts.
Section 3 Local Communities Article 50 General Provisions
The autonomy of Local Communities is guaranteed according to district law.
In its activity, the Confederation takes into account possible consequences for Local Communities.
In doing so, it takes into account the special situation of cities, agglomerations, and mountain regions.
Section 4 Federal Guarantees Article 51 District Constitutions
Every District adopts a democratic constitution. That constitution requires the approval of the people and must be revisable in case the majority of the people so demands.
District constitutions require the guarantee of the Confederation. The Confederation guarantees them if they are not contrary to federal law.
Article 52 Constitutional Order
The Confederation protects the constitutional order of the Districts.
The Confederation intervenes, if the order in a District is disturbed or threatened and the respective District cannot protect it alone or with the help of other Districts.
Article 53 Existence and Territory of the Districts
The Confederation protects the existence and the territory of the Districts.
Modifications of the established Districts require the assent of the population affected, of the Districts affected as well as of the Libyan People and the Districts at large.
Territorial modifications between Districts require the assent of the population affected and of the Districts affected as well as the approval of the Federal Parliament in the form of a federal decree.
Corrections of boundaries can be effected among the Districts by interdistrict treaty.
Chapter 2 Competencies Section 1 Relationships With Other Countries Article 54 Foreign Relations
Foreign Relations are a federal matter.
The Confederation strives for the continuing independence of Libya and for its welfare; the Confederation particularly promotes the alleviation of need and poverty in the world, the respect for human rights and the support for democracy, the peaceful coexistence of nations as well as the preservation of natural resources.
The Confederation takes into account the competencies of the Districts and respects their interests.
Article 55 Participation of the Districts in Decisions of Foreign Policy
The Districts participate in the preparation of those decisions of foreign policy that affect their competencies or essential interests.
The Confederation informs the Districts timely and comprehensively and asks them for their opinion.
Statements of the Districts deserve particular attention if the Districts are affected in their competencies. In these cases, the Districts appropriately participate in international negotiations.
Article 56 Relations between the Districts and Foreign Countries
The Districts may conclude treaties with foreign countries within the domain relevant to their competencies.
These treaties may not be contrary to the law and interests of the Confederation nor to the rights of other Districts. Before concluding a treaty, the Districts have to inform the Confederation.
The Districts may deal directly with subordinated foreign authorities; in other cases, the relations of the Districts with foreign countries are conducted by the Confederation.
Section 2 Security, National and Civil Defense Article 57 Security
The Confederation and the Districts provide the security of the country and the protection of the population within the limits of their respective competencies.
They coordinate their efforts in the field of inner security.
Article 58 The Confederation Army and The Militia
The Libyan Confederation has an army, in principle is organized in 3 different ways; one active - The Confederation Army; and The Militia.
The Confederation Army is an active standing army of volunteers composed of; Army, Navy, and Air Force.
The Militia is composed of part-time soldiers who train once a month.
The army serves to prevent war and contributes to maintain peace; it defends the country and its population. It supports the civil authorities to repel serious threats to internal security or to cope with other exceptional circumstances. The law may provide for further tasks.
The use of the army is a federal matter.
Article 59 Military and Alternative Service
Every Libyan man must render military service to The Militia, if not in The Militia then the Confederation Army. The law provides for an alternative service.
For Libyan women, service is voluntary for The Militia, so is service in The Confederation Army.
Libyan men who render neither militia, army, nor alternative service owe a tax. The tax is levied by the Confederation and is assessed and collected by the Districts.
The Confederation adopts rules on fair compensation for loss of income.
Persons, who render military or alternative service and thereby suffer health impairment or lose their live, have the right, for themselves or for their relatives to appropriate support by the Confederation.
Article 60 Organization, Instruction, and Equipment of the Army
Legislation on the military as well as on organization, instruction, and on equipment of the army, is a federal matter.
The Confederation may take over military installations of the Districts against adequate compensation.
Article 61 Civil Defense
Legislation on civil protection of people and goods against consequences of armed conflicts is a federal matter.
The Confederation adopts rules on the intervention of civil defence in catastrophes and emergencies.
The Confederation may make the civil defence service compulsory for men. For women it is voluntary.
The Confederation adopts rules on fair compensation for loss of income.
Persons, who render civil defence service and thereby suffer health impairment or lose their live, have the right for themselves or for their relatives to appropriate support by the Confederation.
Section 3 Education, Research, and Culture Article 62 Libyan Educational Area
The Confederation and the Districts, within the scope of their powers, jointly ensure the high quality and accessibility of the Libyan Education Area.
They coordinate their efforts and ensure their cooperation through joint administrative bodies and other measures.
They ensure in the fulfilment of their duties that general and vocational courses of study achieve equal recognition in society.
Article 63 Education
The school system is a district matter.
The Districts provide for sufficient primary education open to all children. The primary education is compulsory and is subordinated to state direction or supervision. It is free of charge in public schools.
The Districts ensure that adequate special needs education is provided to all children and young people with disabilities up to the age of 20.
Where harmonisation of school education is not achieved by means of coordination in the areas of school entry age and compulsory school attendance, the duration and objectives of levels of education, and the transition for one level to another, as well as the recognition of qualifications, the Confederation issues regulations to achieve such harmonisation.
The Confederation regulates the start of the school year.
The Districts participate in the drafting of federal legislation on school education that affects district responsibilities, and special account has to be taken of their opinions.
Article 64 Professional Education
The Confederation adopts rules on professional education.
It encourages the provision of a diverse and accessible range of courses in vocational and professional education and training.
Article 64a Universities
The Confederation operates technical Universities. It may establish, operate, or support further Universities and other institutions of higher learning.
The Confederation supports district universities and may support other institutions of higher learning acknowledged by the Confederation.
The Confederation and the Districts are jointly responsible for the coordination and guarantee of quality in Libyan higher education. In fulfilling this responsibility, they take account of the autonomy of the universities and the various bodies responsible for them and ensure the equal treatment of institutions with the same functions.
In order to fulfil their duties, the Confederation and the Districts enter into agreements and delegate certain powers to joint administrative authorities. The law regulates the powers that may be delegated, and determine the principles governing the organisation of and procedures for coordination.
If the Confederation and the Districts fail to reach their common goals by means of coordination, the Confederation issues regulations on levels of studies and the transition from one level to another, on postgraduate education and on the recognition of institutions and qualifications. In addition, the Confederation may impose standard funding principles for subsidising of universities, and may make subsidies contingent on universities sharing particularly cost-intensive activities.
Article 65 Research
The Confederation supports research and innovation.
The Confederation may make promotion particularly dependent on the fact that quality control and coordination is guaranteed.
The Confederation may establish, adopt, or operate research institutions.
Article 65a Continuous Education and Training
The Confederation specifies principles governing continuing education and training.
It may promote continuing education and training.
The law specifies the fields of and the criteria for such promotion.
Article 66 Statistics
The Confederation collects the necessary statistical data on the status and the development of population, economy, society, education, research, area, and environment in Libya.
The Confederation may adopt rules on harmonizing and keeping official registers to facilitate the collection of data.
Article 67 Support of Education and Young People and Adults
The Confederation may grant financial contributions to the District's expenses for scholarships and other training aids. It may encourage the interdistrict harmonisation of education grants and lay down principles for the payment of education grants.
In addition to the district measures and while respecting district autonomy in school matters, the Confederation may seize own measures to promote education.
In the accomplishment of their tasks, the Confederation and the Districts take into account the special needs for development and protection of children and young people.
The Confederation may, in addition to district measures, support the extracurricular work with children and young people.
Article 68 Culture
The Districts are responsible in matters of culture.
The Confederation may support cultural efforts of national interest, and encourage art and music, particularly in matters of education.
In the accomplishment of its tasks, the Confederation considers the cultural and linguistic diversity of the country.
Article 69 Languages
The official languages of the Confederation are Arabic, Tamazight, Tedaga, Ghadamès, Awjila, Nafusi, and Tamahaq.
The Districts designate their official languages. In order to preserve harmony between linguistic communities, they respect the traditional territorial distribution of languages, and consider the indigenous linguistic minorities.
The Confederation and the Districts further communication and exchange between linguistic communities.
The Confederation supports the plurilingual Districts in the fulfillment of their particular tasks.
The Confederation supports the measures taken by the Districts of Ghat, Wadi Al Shatii, and Nalut to maintain and to promote Tamahaq and Italian.
Article 70 Church and State
The regulation of the relationship between church and state is a district matter.
Within the limits of their competencies, the Confederation and the Districts may take measures to maintain public peace between members of the various religious communities.
Section 4 Environment and Zoning Article 71 Sustainable Development
The Confederation and the Districts are engaged to establish a durable balanced relationship between nature, particularly its renewal capacity, and its use by human beings.
Article 72 Protection of the Environment
The Confederation adopts rules on the protection of human beings and their natural environment against harmful or irritating effects.
The Confederation provides for the fact that such effects are avoided. The costs of such avoidance and removal carry the causers.
The execution of the regulations falls to the Districts, as far as the law does not reserve it for the Confederation.
Article 73 Zoning
The Confederation establishes principles on zoning. Zoning is incumbent on the Districts and serves to achieve an appropriate and moderate use of the land and its ordered inhabitation.
The Confederation furthers and coordinates the efforts of the Districts and collaborates with them.
The Confederation and the Districts consider the needs of zoning while fulfilling their tasks.
Article 73a Land Survey
The National Land Survey is the responsibility of the Confederation.
The Confederation issues regulations on official surveying.
It may issue regulations on the harmonisation of official information relating to the land.
Article 74 Water
The Confederation provides within its competencies for the moderate use and protection of the water resources, and for the defence against harmful effects of water.
The Confederation establishes principles on the preservation and opening of water resources, on the use of water for the production of energy and for cooling purpose, and on other interventions into the water cycle.
The Confederation adopts rules on water protection, on securing appropriate residual water, on hydraulic engineering, on the safety of dams and on interventions to influence precipitation.
The Districts dispose of the water resources. They may levy duties for the water use within the limits of federal legislation. The Confederation has the right to use waters for its transporting enterprises; for which the Confederation pays a duty and compensation.
On rights concerning international water resources and therewith connected duties, the Confederation decides in consultation with the Districts concerned. If the Districts concerned cannot agree upon rights to interdistrict water resources, the Confederation will decide
In the fulfilment of its tasks, the Confederation considers the requests of the Districts from which the water originates.
Article 75 Nature and Cultural Heritage
The protection of nature and cultural heritage is a district matter.
The Confederation considers the requests of the protection of nature and cultural heritage while fulfilling its tasks. The Confederation saves scenery, localities, historical sites, and natural and cultural monuments, the Confederation preserves them untouched if public interests so request.
The Confederation may support efforts towards the protection of nature and cultural heritage, and may by contract or by expropriation, acquire or secure objects of national importance.
The Confederation adopts rules on the protection of fauna and flora, and on the preservation of their habitats in the natural variety. The Confederation protects endangered species from extinction.
Article 76 Fishery and Hunting
The Confederation establishes principles over practice of fishery and hunt, in particular for the preservation of the diversity of species of fish, wildly living mammals and birds.
Article 77 Animal Protection
The Confederation adopts rules on animal protection.
The Confederation regulates in particular:
the keeping and care of animals;
experiments and intervention on live animals;
the use of animals;
the importation of animals and animal products;
animal trade and transportation of animals;
the killing of animals
The execution of the regulations falls to the Districts, as far as the law does not reserve it for the Confederation.
Section 5 Public Works and Transportation Article 78 Public Works
The Confederation may, in the interest of the whole or a large part of the country, establish and operate public works or support their establishment.
Article 79 Road Traffic
The Confederation adopts rules on road traffic.
The Confederation exercises supervision over roads of national importance; it may determine which transit roads have to remain open to traffic.
The use of public roads is free of charge. The Federal Parliament may authorize exceptions.
2017.11.28 20:36 Chilli_PepsIntroduction to Methods for Increasing Longevity
If you are new to the field and interested in learning about methods to increase longevity, this is essentially an introduction to the current targets for increasing longevity, studied in a variety of models. *Disclaimer: These methods have not been tested in humans, and the increase in longevity seen in animals may not hold true for humans. Don’t experiment on yourself, could be detrimental to your health with almost no health benefits. • Caloric Restriction The most well known, oldest and consistently reproduced method for extending life span in animal models is caloric restriction. Caloric restriction is the nutritional needs of the organism is maintained, while decreasing total caloric intake, most effective when decreasing normal caloric intake by 2/3rds of what is considered normal for the organism. (ie. humans are generally suggested to eat 2000 calories per day, in theory, the optimal caloric restricted diet would be 660 calories per day while still meeting all dietary needs in terms of vitamins and minerals) This method has been shown to be effective in mice, flies, and worms to extend life span about 20-30%, however the extension of life is influenced by genetic background and environment causing variation in effectiveness. Caloric restriction has been tested in rhesus monkeys, but results are not consistent across groups. Just to put in perspective, a 30% increase in average human lifespan (us average roughly 75), would be 97.5. This method has yet to be proven effective humans, and even if future data shows this method effective in humans, it would be extremely to effectively calorically restrict yourself by 60% and overall quality of life would probably decrease, and would probably be detrimental to the health of a portion of society. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3958810/https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12735906 • Growth Hormone Deficiency This method while harder to apply to humans has been heavily reproduced in mice models. Mice lacking the receptor for growth hormone, significantly decreased growth hormone signaling, and growth hormone releasing hormone (hormone that triggers the release of growth hormone) show, similar to mice calorically restricted mice, roughly a 20-30% increase in lifespan. Although these mice are dwarfs and far fatter than control mice, but have improved insulin signaling and increased energy expenditure. Increased longevity is thought to occur through decreased igf-1 signaling due lack of growth hormone although IGF-1 receptor knock out mice do not consistently show increased longevity. Additionally some GH pathway mutants are shown greater increases to longevity in females compared to males. Wild type mice increases the longevity of the wild type mice. There are populations of humans born with a mutation in the growth hormone receptor gene causing the receptor to be nonfunctional, yet they do not live longer. These humans are dwarfs, (majority of human dwarfs do not have this mutation), and often die do complication associated with fat accumulation in the liver, especially due to alcohol consumption, but do have vastly lower rates of cancer. Also, Humans with increased expression of growth hormone, acromegaly and gigantism, live significantly shorter. (jaws from James bond had acromegaly and andre the giant had gigantism). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0070215304630067?via%3Dihubhttps://academic.oup.com/endo/article/157/12/4502/2758362https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3810783/ • Rapamycin treatment Rapamycin is an immune system suppressant that was later found to act significantly increase longevity in mice roughly 30%. This molecule is heavily associated with the inhibition of mtor, which has been a conserved mechanism in models with increased longevity. Although rapamycin increases longevity, it is not a novel method for doing so in humans, because you would inevitably die from an infection since the immune system would not function effectively. Im not too familiar with this topic, but it is noteworthy that mTor is down stream of the IGF-1/insulin pathway as are many other targets that when inhibited increase longevity. Not going to go into them but, these include FOXO and PI3K. • Methionine Restriction and Protein Restriction Both restriction of protein in diet, and methionine restriction has shown to increase longevity and health in various models. In mice methionine restriction has shown to have best results at 80% decrease of methionine in diet, with studies showing a 12-40% increase in average lifespan. Both methods affect the previously mentioned pathways specifically down regulating mtor activity. Additionally serum GH/IGF-1 levels are shown to decrease when models are on this dietary restriction. As well as show decrease transcription of mitochondrial proteins and reactive oxygen species production. Similar to the difficulties associated with caloric restriction, maintaining a diet with an 80% decrease in methionine is extremely difficult due methionine being present in the vast majority of food. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5008916/http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0531556513000612?via%3Dihub#bb0255 • PARP inhibition/Sirtuin upregulation/ increased cellular NAD+ Possibly the most hyped pathway for increasing longevity at the moment due to the ease of taking and little to no risks have been show for taking NAD+ precursors, naturally made in the body (although these supplements are kind of expensive), and are very similar to vitamin B3 (Nicotinamide riboside, nicotinamide mononucleotide are the most popular precursors to take). The interest in NAD+ and its precursors being used in aging interventions are mostly due to the fact they activate sirtuins, and due to the fact NAD+ levels in the body decrease as we age. Sirtuins are primarily histone deacteylase, and activity has been shown affect metabolism and mitochondrial function. Additionally sirtuin upregulation has been highly associated in caloric restricted mice, although caloric restriction has been shown to extend lifespan through a sirtuin independent pathway. In c. elegans up regulation of sir1 and sir 2 increased longevity 12-30% depending on the strain of worm. Additionally increased dietary presence of the NAD+ previously mention also increased worm longevity, notably not as much as Sir1 and 2 upregulation. Over expression of BRASTO, the sirtuin expressed in mammalian brain increased average life of mice by 12%. Additionally upregulation of SIRT genes in mammals has shown the prevention of many age related diseases. To be honest I’m not very familiar with sirtuins, there are probably errors in this section. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Nassim_Dali-Youcef/publication/6139208_Sirtuins_The_'_magnificent_seven_'_function_metabolism_and_longevity/links/0f317533a7565618ec000000.pdf https://www.nature.com/articles/npjamd201617 Last remark, a method to truly increase lifespan in humans is not going to be a silver bullet, it will almost definitely a multi-faceted approach, that will specific for each person based on their genetics. This post is meant to create a very general knowledge, I just scraped the surface with the topics I covered, and honestly did not do the complexity of the research to make these findings great justice. These methods to increase longevity involve highly complex pathways, and I did not include all the ins-outs associated with them, and there may be some inaccuracies in this post as well. I suggest you look at the links I posted and further investigate more on your own. I’ve spent too much time procrastinating on actual work writing this, and need to get some work done so, I didn’t really edit it or exhaustively check everything.
2017.11.06 06:30 maynoeedLead - Threat Management and Advisory - ADCB Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank
Lead - Threat Management and Advisory - ADCB Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank
JOB PURPOSE • To manage and implement ADCB’s cyber security and incident response strategy by designing and implementing security measures, conducting vulnerability assessment and monitoring and managing the response to cyber security incidents to ensure bank operates within a pre-defined risk appetite to mitigate any foreseeable cyber security threats ACCOUNTABILITIES Technical and Cyber Security Advisory • Evaluate technical risk, design, architecture, feasibility analysis, vendor review and security controls of all infrastructure technologies and business systems being implemented in the bank • Manage programmes and projects to implement new information security products, tools, and innovations that would augment the controls and improve user experience • Research the latest trends in threats, threat actors, industry security news, global security incidents and trends to ensure that the bank is protected against similar scenarios and design, develop and implement technical information security frameworks in line with the required standards Vulnerability Management • Manage and implement the vulnerability management lifecycle and penetration testing on the banking infrastructure and systems to ensure that all the bank’s technology systems are continuously protected against threats • Manage the implementation of information security policies, procedures and technical standards to prevent unauthorised disclosures, unauthorised use, inappropriate modification, premature deletion and unavailability of data and business/infrastructure systems • Develop and ensure technology baselines for the secure management of systems across all platforms, including development and maintenance of encryption standards, intrusion detection strategy, and network authentication Security Operation Centre • Manage an effective internal Security Operations Centre to ensure effective monitoring is carried out by SOC staff for any unauthorised use or leakage of sensitive data from the bank, phishing attacks, social media abuse and other malicious activities that could bring about a reputational damage for the bank or unauthorised access to bank’s critical systems • Build capabilities within the SOC for advanced malware analysis, forensics and detection of advanced persistent threats Monitoring • Design and implement a continuous monitoring strategy for the bank’s information systems according to the threat landscape for evidence of malicious activity or intrusion attempts • Run programmes for the implementation of automated tools to bring efficiencies log collection, correlation, and analysis tools for effective monitoring of security • Provide advisory services to business and infrastructure projects on maintaining adequate audit trails so that sufficient evidences of computerised business activities exists to reconcile accounts • Detect frauds, identify unauthorised access attempts and breaks ins and quickly resolve problems to maintain secure and reliable information systems within ADCB Incident Response • Create and oversee crisis and emergency management practices and provide in-depth technical advice for investigations of information security incidents such as internal frauds and hacker break-ins, ensuring root cause analysis is performed to identify and recommend corrective actions to prevent similar incidents from reoccurring • Manage the SIRT (Security Incident Response Team) to conduct full coordinated cross functional response to major security incidents and lead the actions to a full remediation of any potential causes of security breach • Provide technical information security consulting assistance for ADCB staff disciplinary measures, civil suits and criminal prosecutions, if and when needed
EXPERIENCE, QUALIFICATIONS & COMPETENCIES Minimum Experience • At least 12 years of experience in a banking industry or similar environment, with 5 years of related managerial experience Minimum Qualifications • Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science or equivalent Professional Qualifications • Professional Certifications such as CISSP, CISA, SANS GIAC, CEH (mandatory) Knowledge and Skills • In-depth knowledge in information security, specifically in risk/vulnerability assessment, data classification and industry standard frameworks such as ISO 27001, PCI-DSS • Thorough knowledge of firewalls, network components, protocols, intrusion prevention systems, antivirus software, web content filtering, database products • Sound understanding of the vulnerabilities in operating systems, databases and major applications and the technical knowledge necessary to mitigate these • Working knowledge experience of banking operations and related problems • Strong awareness of application security requirements and techniques • Extensive experience in enterprise security architecture design, vulnerability management • Knowledge and ability to apply risk management techniques to security policy enforcement and compliance
Job Location:Abu Dhabi, United Arab EmiratesCompany Industry:BankingCompany Type:Employer (Private Sector)Job Role:Information TechnologyEmployment Type:UnspecifiedMonthly Salary Range:UnspecifiedNumber of Vacancies:1Job Ref.:JB3713052
Numerous investigations of bottlenose dolphin intelligence have been conducted, examining mimicry, use of artificial language, object categorization, and self-recognition. "Covered entities" include employers with 15 or more employees, as well as employment agencies, labor organizations, and joint labor-management committees. They can use tools (sponging) and transmit cultural knowledge across generations, and their considerable ancestors of the species to which it belongs. This theory has long been rejected. Instead, ontogeny evolves – the phylogenetic history of a species cannot be read directly from its ontogeny, as Haeckel thought would be possible, but characters from ontogeny can be (and have been) used as data for phylogenetic analyses; the more closely related two species are, the fingers of their hands fused, but the cortical maps of their individual fingers also form 75% of votes cast were in favour. The main written sources we have on this period, the kings' sagas, were not written until the 12th and 13th centuries. While they were in part based on skaldic poems, and possibly on oral tradition, their reliability as sources for detailed events of the Viking age continues to be debated among historians. Greenland is the world's largest island, over three-quarters of which is covered by the only permanent ice sheet outside of a club hand. The fingers can be surgically divided to make a more useful hand. Surgeons did this at the Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery in New York to a 32-year-old man with the initials O. G. They touched O. G.’s fingers before and after surgery while SIRT provided & scheduled trains to meet shift changes at Procter & Gamble. In 1925, a section of track was electrified from Arlington to Port Ivory.
2015.10.05 08:58 NarshaBestWaifu[Spoilers] A couple of charts on the Worlds Meta so far...
I was looking at the worlds meta stats so far and figured that some other folks over here would love to see how the meta was developing and what picks are crucial to it! (Sorry if this post isn't mobile compatible :( )
Player Champion Picks
These charts show the champions picked by the players so far, they are grouped in position (Top, Jungle, Mid, ADC, Suport) and then sorted in a group and seed basis.
YFW NL *(Kkramer)
*(Sub Player Name) * Champion was played by a Sub
24 Total Games Played 59 out of 127 Champions Contested (Kindred is not included as they are not available in patch 5.18) Top 20 Pick or Ban Champions
The only game in which Mordekaiser wasn't either picked or banned was the LGD vs KT Rolster game on Day 3 (There were audio and video issues on site, your pc isn't getting wonky ;), even Azir became Yorick thanks to Froggen)
Blue Side or Red Side?
So far, Blue side have a 66.67% winrate (16 out of 24 games) meanwhile Red side has a 33.33% winrate (8 of 24 games)
Most used skin so far is Death Blossom Elise (10 times), followed by El Tigre Braum (8 times) and Dunkmaster Darius (6 times) All data was taken from Esportspedia and LoLEsports.com
2015.04.15 01:28 dominoconsultant[Science] Extract from the book - High Calorie Diet and the Human Brain: Metabolic Consequences of Long-Term Consumption
Refer to Google Books link and select page 289 to access references. Link at bottom. book by Akhlaq A. Farooqui Beginning page 289... 10.2.3 Beneficial Effects of Ketogenic Diet on Visceral and Brain Tissues The ketogenic diet is composed of 80-90 % fat, with carbohydrate and protein constituting the remainder of the intake. The diet provides sufficient protein for growth, but insufficient amounts of carbohydrates for the body's needs. Ketogenic diet provides energy mainly from the oxidation of fatty acids in mitochondria as opposed to glucose, which is the main energy source following consumption of normal diet. Following prolonged consumption of ketogenic diet, fatty acids are oxidized at a high rate, which results in an overproduction of acetyl-CoA. The overproduction of acetyl-CoA then leads to the synthesis of ketone bodies (beta-hydroxybutyrate, acetoacetate, and acetone) primarily in the liver. The accumulation of ketone bodies in the bloodstream causes ketosis, a survival mechanism, which is activated during prolonged fasting, starvation or lack of carbohydrate ingestion. Ketone bodies readily cross the blood brain barrier either by simple diffusion (acetone) or with the aid of monocarboxylic transporters (beta-hydroxybutyrate, acetoacetate), whose expression is related to the level of ketosis. During prolonged ketosis, the brain is capable of utilizing ketone bodies as an alternate fuel, thus reducing its requirement for glucose. It is proposed that the ketogenic diet acts in a way similar to caloric restriction on AMPK, PGC1alpha, and SIRT-1. Thus, PGC1 is activated in the phosphorylated state. Once phosphorylated, PGC1alpha translocates from the cytosol to the nucleus, where it promotes the transcription of genes involved in fatty acid transport, fat oxidation, and oxidative phosphorylation. PGC1alpha is phosphorylated through several different pathways, such as AMPK, calcium-calmodulin-dependant protein-kinase, and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways. PGC1alpha is also activated by a SIRT1-mediated deacetylation. AMPK exerts its effect via phosphorylation of PGC1alpha. AMPK activation promotes enhanced expression of skeletal muscle oxidative-related enzymes, proteins, and metabolism, which are consistent with the findings that obese skeletal muscles are less oxidative and have lower AMPK activation (during fasting conditions). At the same time, AMPK activation also inhibits mTOR signaling. However, it seems counterintuitive to inhibit an important growth-mediated pathway (i.e., mTOR), regulating muscle mass, so that skeletal muscles can grow. The relative deficiency in carbohydrates in ketogenic diet activates AMPK and SIRT-1, increases phosphorylation of AMPK and promotes deacetylation of PGC1alpha in skeletal muscle without affecting the total amount of AMPK, PGC1alpha, or SIRT-1. These mechanisms appear to be activated just a few hours (5 h) of starvation in mice whilst no data are available on KD in humans. Once activated, SIRT-1 and AMPK produce beneficial effects on glucose homeostasis and insulin action. In the brain, at the molecular level the consumption of ketogenic diet not only results in the modulation of ATP-sensitive potassium (Katp) channels and enhancement of purinergic (i.e., adenosine) and GABAergic neurotransmission, but also increases BDNF expression and attenuates neuroinflammation. The consumption of ketogenic diet not only produces reduction in blood glucose, decreases in ROS, and increases in glutathione peroxidase activity in the hippocampus, but also increases uncoupling in proteins expression and alterations in the expression of genes associated with oxidative stress. In addition, ketogenic diet also facilitates the stabilization of the neuronal membrane potential through improved mitochondrial function. (holy fuck a new paragraph. whew - btw I'm having to type this all out since I can't copypasta out of google books) Based on above information, it is proposed that ketogenic diet mediates it neuroprotective effects by raising ATP levels and reducing ROS production through enhanced NADH oxidation and inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition (mPT). Ketogenic diet also activates the Nrf2 pathway via redox signaling leading to chronic cellular adaption, induction of protective proteins, and improvement of the mitochondrial redox state. These processes exert neuroprotective and antiepileptogenic properties, heightening the clinical potential of the ketogenic diet as a disease-modifying intervention. Collective evidence suggests that ketogenic diet can enhance nuronal survival under hypoxia, anoxia, or ischemia. In addition, ketogenic diet can also provide symptomatic and disease-modifying activity in a broad range of neurodegenerative disorders including animal models of AD and Parkinson disease (PD), multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and traumatic brain injury. Refer to Google Books link and select page 289 to access references. LINK ==> https://books.google.com.au/books?id=-py1BwAAQBAJ&lpg=PR5&ots=Dj-j-q8vxq&lr&pg=PA289#v=onepage&q=ketogenic&f=false
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