Dating game 1967

Ryan Faulk distorts Segregation/Jim Crow.

2020.09.19 11:54 pog99 Ryan Faulk distorts Segregation/Jim Crow.

See the original article and the garbage it inspired.
If you were to find the about page of his blog, you would know that he defends the blog from promoting white supremacy by simply reporting the facts. A strict reading could put together that it doesn't mean that one couldn't defend or rationalize past systems of white supremacy. I've recently revisited and clarified the issues of his Slave trade article, and soon I plan on talking about multiple issues with his slavery article as well, so today I will do the same with this one.
The running theme of the piece is that disparities during Jim Crow either couldn't be explained specifically by segregation, or that disparities came larger after the 1960s thus segregation as a factor is ruled out. The problems are that -
  1. For each aspect that he measures, he doesn't tie it to a specific expert claim on how Segregation played a role in the disparity.
  2. He doesn't account for post-1960s factors that causes the persisting or larger disparity, and assumes post-1960s is a systematically neutral control.
  3. For certain disparities he compares, they are inappropriate and are not indicative of what he purports.
And for the record, no, he doesn't actually talk about voting or juror restriction by race.
The article-
We first get a rationalization of his analysis.
When I was younger, I would read world atlases. And sometimes I would come to an article, say an article on the country Colombia, and it would say that Colombia is a world leader in coffee production, then list off some other “cash crops”. Then it would go into the growing textiles sector, and mention that it has some problem with debt. Maybe it’s a leading producer of phosphates as well or something. And if you read all of this qualitative, subjective description, you would never realize that Colombia was poor. It’s not until you got to “per capita GDP” that you would discover that it was $3,000 per capita.
You could also have someone qualitatively describe a football game between Auburn and Alabama. And they could do highlights, and describe some of the big plays, and you wouldn’t know that Alabama completely steamrolled Auburn until you looked at the box score.
Or imagine if your son was “describing” qualitatively and subjectively how he was doing in his classes. As a parent you don’t care, you want to see the damn grades.
And so the effects of segregation on blacks. What does the data say? Because in school when segregation is taught, it’s the equivalent of describing a football game by just looking at the highlights and not the box score. It’s cat-lady storytime.
Well, there are a few big go-to topics that popped into my mind to try to quantify the effects of segregation on blacks: cops and courts, schools, income and lynching. So that’s what I go-to’d.

1. Incarceration rate
The incarceration rate for blacks relative to whites has increased at least since 1930, probably long before that. So in terms of blacks being targeted for being sent to prison, it looks like they were substantially less targeted compared to today.
So if the legal systems were unfair during segregation, they appear to be even more unfair today. Or perhaps they weren’t unfair during segregation, are unfair today, or perhaps the laws are different today in a way that disparately impacts blacks more than they did in the past.
There are all sorts of things we can speculate, but it’s not immediately or obviously apparent, from the data, that the legal system was particularly keen on incarcerating blacks compared to today.
So for those of you more keen on race and mass incarceration, you would know that this is particularly strong in Northern Urban regions rather than the South. A whole demographic transition occurred that accounted for it.
Not to mention he never actually looked for studies that purport to address biases during Jim Crow. What does he find through is roundabout ways?
2. Prison sentences
For prison sentences, the numbers have been remarkably stable. When you look at length of prison terms for blacks compared to whites after the FIRST release from prison, it’s very close.
The first release data is important because none of these are repeat offenders. Repeat offenders get more time, and blacks are more likely to be repeat offenders.
That said, based on the data below, blacks serve roughly ~15% longer prison terms for their first term. It could be because the crimes blacks commit within each category are, on average, more severe. It could be racial bias on the part of judges.
Or it could be that blacks have worse courtroom behavior, as when IQ is controlled for, the racial gap in prison sentences goes away.
But what you don’t see is blacks having longer prison sentences during segregation.
Black Multiple of White Median Time Served For ALL Releases in State and Federal Prisons
Now what if we looked at median prison time served just in the South, and back in 1937 – smack in the middle of “Jim Crow” – and included repeat offenders, of which black inmates are a higher proportion today? The result is not that much different from the entire US today:
Black Multiple of White Median Time Served For ALL Releases in 14 Southern States in State and Federal Prisons
Remember, the 1937 data is JUST from the South, supposedly the hot seat of bigotry, and includes repeat offenders.
Homicide data is an unweighted average of each category. In 1937 and 1952 they used Murder and Manslaughter, in 1964 they just had Homicide, and in 2009 they had Murder, Negligent Manslaughter and Non-Negligent Manslaughter.
In case you think I am cherry-picking the years to paint a particular narrative, these are literally just the years used in the Bureau of Justice report I am citing.
And so what we can see is that the black-white incarceration gap is wider today than it was in 1930. In addition, the racial gap in sentence length for first offenders does not appear to have changed at all. Even the data that INCLUDED repeat offenders just in the South in 1937 doesn’t differ that much from the first-time offender data nationally and later.
And so this makes the idea that the current US legal system was more biased against blacks during segregation than it is today SEEM false.
So this is a good example of a data point that doesn't correspond to a specific Civil Rights claim for Jim Crow relative to the post-1960s. Mass incarceration is usually shown as being a post 1960s phenomenon of bias as a particular, in connection to Blacks increasing presence in the North. His source supports it. On page 88.
The median time served for the total was 17 days. For blacks the median was 2 days longer, 19 days. Interestingly, there were larger differences between whites and blacks in time served in the North than in the South. The median time served in the North for whites was 18 days and for blacks a full week longer, 25 days. In the South the median was 17 days for blacks and 16 days for whites. Looking at time served by offense, these differences continue.
Typical civil rights claims are in regard the lack of Black Jurors deals with not simply length of prison time but biases towards choosing conviction by a white jury relative to a comparable white defendant, which this doesn't study.
Therefore, the proper way how to study this would be conviction rates in the same region overtime, such as the South, and compared between different types of juries and defendants. I lack data on this, but one form of bias I have found was application of the death Penalty for rape in the South from the 1930s to the 1960s was harsher not just for Black Criminals, but for Black criminals accused ofraping whites. In further detail, 13% of Black rapists in 11 southern states received the death penalty compared to 2% of whites.
Decreases in overall non-white (likely black) executions, by his source, decreased sharply after the 1960s. Overtime, rates of executions decreased even though crime increased into this period. Mind you, there were death penalty changes around this time.
This source, btw, contains a variety of measurements by race during Jim Crow into the present that could suggest bias outside of merely prison sentences.

3. Lynching
A related topic to this is lynching. From Richard M. Perloff, Professor of Communication at Cleveland State University:
“Approximately 4,742 individuals were lynched between 1882 and 1968; of the victims, 3,445 or 73 percent were Black.”
All lynchings were in response to a claimed offense, such as a rape or stealing cattle. Blacks were 72.65% of all recorded lynchings while being ~26.87% of the population of the South at the time.
The Black population of the Southern US 1880-1970 averages 26.87% at each decade. And so based on their population alone, if lynchings were race-neutral, and we knew nothing about race differences in violent crime going in, we would expect 26.87% of all lynchings to be of blacks. Blacks comprised 72.65% of all lynchings, giving them a representation 2.70 times their population.
However, according to wikipedia, most lynchings occurred between 1882 and 1920, and during that time period the average black population was 31.76% of the southern US population. Using this number, blacks as a percentage of lynchings are only 2.29 times their percentage of the population.
If we split the difference and just say that the black population of the south was 29.32% of the total population, then blacks as a percentage of lynchings was 2.48 times their percentage of the population.
By comparison, in 2010, blacks comprised 12.6% of the total US population, but were 38.13% of the population charged for violent crimes, giving them a representation 3.03 times their population.
And so by raw numbers the lynch mobs appear to be slightly less racially targeting than the current US legal system is. Here are those numbers put in a table:
So when I first read this I thought he was comparing lynchings to police shootings. The second time shows me how asinine he is. This is a good example of an inappropriate comparison.
Being charged with a crime isn't the same as a lynching, lynchings are categorized by the source he originally used for sentencing as an execution, one of the trends that decreased in rates for blacks and as established was higher in the South in ways suggestive of bias.
From his source-
Almost three-fourths (73 percent) of those lynched between 1890 and 1962 (the date of the last recorded lynching) were black, and in the same period, 54 percent of those executed were nonwhite. About 90 percent of those dying under State authority were executed for homicide. Only 41 percent of illegal lynchings were for homicide (Tables 2-1 and 2-2).
This is more or less consistent with my studies showing that, in the South, rape (the next largest portion of lynching offenses After Homicide) was disproportionately applied to black men with death.
Lynchings, as well decreased in accordance with campaigning against it as established in my Dwight Murphey post. This would be an example of civil rights interacting with oppression.

4. Income
This is where arguments regarding the negative effects of segregation start to have some backing in data. Looking at census data from 1948, we can see that black income as a proportion of white income went from around 44% in 1948 to about 80% in 2000. This looks like a massive effect from desegregation on it’s face:
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However, there is some interesting data from 1880. If you just look within regions, the racial gap is much less. At that time, black workers earned on median 37% of what white workers earned. However, if you just looked at the south, blacks earned 58% of what white workers earned. So just with that regional control we’re already almost half way to the current black-white income ratio.
Population and wage income by race and region in 1880
But the paper did something else – it looked at black labor income relative to whites, but just looked a rural southern whites and blacks, and only looked at labor income. And in that instance, black income was 89% of white income:
📷
And so when you look at the same region, and the same kind of work, and just compare the wages of workers, the black-white income gap in the rural South was only 11%, lower than it is today. And that difference could very plausibly be due to blacks having fewer skills on average in 1880.
I would be interested to see similar thin slices just looking at urban blacks in the south vs. urban whites in the south, and urban blacks in the north to urban whites in the north. I suspect that the more you held constant region and urban/rural divide, the smaller the racial gap would be.
Which is to say, that it seems like much of the black-white income gap could have been a function of blacks living in rural areas (which were poorer back then) and living in the south (which was poorer back then).
In addition, we can see that the narrowing of the black-white income gap roughly corresponds with blacks moving out of the south. This is not a 1:1 correlation, but it is does suggest that simply moving out of the south), which began in earnest around 1910, is part of the explanation for the narrowing of the black-white income gap:
📷
And in the north, where more of the blacks were slaves who had earned their freedom before 1865, black wages as a proportion of white wages were higher. In fact blacks in the north were wealthier than whites in the south for quite some time.
Moreover, the narrowing of the black-white income gap at the national level occurred almost entirely during segregation. So to say that the smaller amount of narrowing that occurred following desegregation was in fact a result of desegregation is something that sounds kinda plausible – there’s certainly a little story you can tell – but there’s very little data for it. The most you could say is that there was a brief acceleration of the narrowing of the black-white income gap immediately after 1965, but that could be a coincidence, and even if you want to say it was a result of the civil rights act, then the acceleration versus a continuation of the previous trend is still only going to be like 2%.
Now as for why the black-white income gap narrowed from 1948 (at least) to 2000, that’s another topic. I suspect much of it has to do with the economic rise of the south and the migration of blacks away from the rural economy. Also this higher income may not have corresponded with a rise in living standards relative to whites since the cost of living may have increased, but that’s more speculative. But desegregation doesn’t appear to have any relevance to it.
So even the narrowing of the black-white income gap, long touted as prime evidence that segregation was previously suppressing black wages, the evidence is not so clear on that.
So, he decreased the gap however in a way that was not applied to the modern gap, therefore makes his comparison null.
He spends most of this section explaining factors pertaining to geography and the like explaining the gap, even though it's existence is tied to both slavery and the economic and educational limitations of the South for Blacks. This can be seen in the lack of second generation benefits of white migrants relative to black migrants, those born in the North being positively selected for those returning to the South, and the steeper reduction in poverty among southern Blacks due to migrants that returned to the South.
Likewise, despite his claims that Northern Blacks being richer than Southern Whites, he doesn't produce a chart or study showing that.
5. Wealth and Employment
Two more things to consider is that up until the 1950’s blacks had employment rates similar to that of whites. And the unemployment rate in blacks grew much more after 1965:
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And in terms of wealth, black wealth as a proportion of white wealth has remained stagnant since 1963:
Moreover, I would say that the absolute disparity is more important than the black-white ratio. Because lets say you have $10 and Bob has $100. That’s a $90 gap. Depending on your job, that’s a day’s wage, or half a day’s wage. Now if you have $100 and Bob has $900, now you’re looking at multiple days’ wage. And so on and so on. So even though the relation is the same, the practical importance of the gap is growing. Also just the total dollar amount difference is increasing. And these are all in “2013 dollars”, which adjusts for inflation.
And so when people say that the relative economic situation of blacks has improved relative to whites since segregation, they’re looking at one thing: nominal income at the national level. They’re not looking at employment, at wealth, or how much, if at all, the income gap has narrowed when controlling for what region of the country we’re looking at, or if it’s urban or rural.
While this is worth pointing out, it fails to account for complex factors of the great migration. While gains were present, unemployment increased due to urban living and relatively higher demands in skill compared to the South. This can be seen by actually referencing the study he pulls the chart from, where changes in unemployment occur earlier and become starker outside of the South.
What is also interesting his how an earlier study done by one of the researchers of the 1999 study he cites notes how human capital can't explain as much of the gap in the North as it can in the South.
6. Schools
Another argument that segregation depressed black economic success is their lower school funding. On average, from 1890 to 1950, the average of how much each state spent on black schools as a proportion of what they spent on white schools was 56.96%. So they had less funding.
But funding for what? For “better teachers”? What’s a “better teacher”? What has been found in the US is that increased real spending on schools has not increased overall performance since the 1970s, and more importantly voucher studies have shown that the school an individual goes to has no real impact on either GPA, standardized test scores or future college attendance.
So the fact that additional funding didn’t matter in 1970 is one thing. But did it matter from 1870 to 1954?
Well, we don’t have regular standardized tests from that time period, but we do have a nationally representative IQ test done in 1917 for all US army conscripts for World War 1. In it blacks scored a median of 83 compared to the white score that was set to 100. Today the black median is still at 85. Okay, two points. And my guess is they were hollow for “g” anyway.
Certainly there were journalists at the time who did “investigative journalism” and wrote anecdotal reports of how bad the black schools were. Michael Moore does “investigative journalism” today too about how great the Cuban healthcare system is. Walter Duranty visited the USSR in the 1930s and came back writing glowing reviews of the benevolent, if firm, policies of Stalin.
Maybe they were telling the truth, maybe they were making things up, who knows.
Black schools were probably worse But the question is how much worse really? And for most people, did it even matter? Most of what people learn in school they forget anyway, so aside from literacy and basic math, the practical importance of school would be minimal for most people at that time.
And the culture of school credentials as a signal to employers hadn’t developed yet, so at the time any “educational disadvantages” blacks had, whatever they were and if any, would not matter in terms of credential-signaling because that hadn’t developed yet, and in terms of knowledge beyond basic literacy and math – that all gets forgotten anyway.
So....lets review.
  1. He could've mentioned the Coleman Report but didn't. This is a pretty major study in this particular field of social science, so for Faulk to miss something crucial to grounding his point only demonstrates his lack of familiarity with the material.
  2. I'm going to to assume, since the link is dead, that the studies referenced in that link doesn't account for how money is spent.
  3. His study cites work from a cosumer behavior course, not actual studies on schools.
  4. A recent study shows that for Jim Crow, school quality accounts for the majority of the wage gap for the era.
  5. Actual tracking of changes in school quality supports the conclusion.
  6. Previous data given regarding the Great Migration would indicate that education and a market to use it made generational different for blacks, even considering selection.
7. Countrymen?
This section is a bit of a digression. In a broader sense, blacks weren’t seen as legitimate countrymen to some extent for some time in the region. And so since the blacks were viewed as “foreigners” to southern whites, who to some extent viewed northern whites as foreigners as well, they didn’t think they owed the blacks equal school funding any more than they owed people from Peru or Romania or China equal school funding.
I.e. the black-white gap in school funding meant as much to them as the american-chinese gap in school funding, as both the Chinese and the blacks were foreign to the southern whites.
Now you can have whatever opinion you want about it, and say that blacks were rightful countrymen of southern whites, and really pound your fists in self-righteous certainty about it because you “know it to be true”. That’s certainly your viewpoint.
But understand that it is just your viewpoint, and when you realize that the southern whites viewed blacks the way we look at illegal immigrants today, and that the times during which either repatriation of blacks to Africa or creating a separate black country out of land in the US were serious proposals were still in living memory at the time.
Today blacks have been part of the US for so long that such proposals probably seem bizarre to you. And they would bizarre and cruel if implemented today. But also remember that the US had to impose military governments in the south in order to pass the 14th amendment that gave the blacks citizenship. And Oregon, New Jersey and Ohio renounced their ratification of the 14th amendment after the fact in protest of this action.
Obviously is was a symbolic gesture, but it showed that opposition to the way the 14th amendment was passed wasn’t considered some kooky fringe idea at the time. Of course it is now because if you bring up the use of military governments in passing the 14th amendment – well, “only racists talk about that”, so it just gets dismissed.
But yes, understand that the 14th amendment was seen like granting “amnesty” to the illegals is today – it would be creating an alternative method of granting citizenship for a specific group of non-citizens in the US today.
(And the fact that more whites supported granting citizenship to the black slaves at the time than supporting granting amnesty to illegals today is support for a theory I have about whites in the past being more “neurologically left-wing” even if they would be considered today to hold “far-right” positions by today’s standards.)
  1. Despite whatever perceptions American whites had about Americans blacks, it doesn't change the facts were that blacks were not comparable to the Chinese at the time. The cultural gaps and their economic history on a racial basis doesn't justify it.
  2. The basis of historical relativism in this case was seeming argued further in his MLK video, now deleted. That is, as argued by others before, whites didn't have to pay taxes for Black schools. This causes obvious problems as the average black had only limited wealth to tax in large part due to limited skills.
Faulk's self prophesied Conclusion-
So, what do we learn from his conclusions? He bizarrely begins with a tangent on the Zimmerman and Wilson trials and the correlated of media knowledge.
Some excerpts.
The jurors certainly knew more facts about each case than the general public did. Moreover, whites are more likely to believe Zimmerman and Wilson were justified, and whites do better on tests of current events knowledge. In addition, males, who do better on current events knowledge tests than females, also were more satisfied with the Zimmerman verdict than women, and women do worse on current events knowledge tests. Also, people with higher education levels approved the verdict as well.
Thus, all three factors that correlate with general political and current events knowledge (being white, being male and having lots of time in school) also correlate with approving the Zimmerman trial verdict. And the people who had the MOST knowledge – the jurors – unanimously found Zimmerman not guilty.
If you go by the literature in news media talking about “institutional racism” and “white privilege”, it’s not immediately obvious that the aggregate of all media is any less obsessed with the plight of the coloreds than they were in 1964. Maybe they were, but I have no way to really tell.
Do you see it? Do you see that lack of any real transition? Maybe some further comment can help.
But lets say Derrick Wilson killed “the gentle giant” in 1961. There was no internet in 1961, what you knew about the events was what a few major news outlets chose to report. As it happens, a jury also found J.W. Milam and Roy Bryant not guilty of murder in their killing of Emmett Till. And what do you know about that event? Do the facts you know of the Emmett Till verdict seem to paint a one-sided story to where it is unbelievable, yes, unbelievable that a jury would find Bryant and Milam not guilty?
Once again we have a comparison that isn't proper. The modern day examples leaves no ambiguity as to who killed who, it was a matter of whether the killing was justified or not.
The Emmett Till situation was vastly different, since the matter of whether or not Till was killed, whether or not Milam and Bryant were guilty, or exactly what happened between Till and Bryant in the store. Her own account only goes as far as to say that she was grabbed by the waist, while press releases by the defense/police was explicitly more violent. Both stories differ from her original account to her lawyers. Even the officer who initially believed that the body belonged to Till changed his mind when the town's reputation began to be tarnished.
Furthermore, even if we are to treat the Till case like the modern day examples, it only shows the hairiness of the case itself. Despite the defense being that Till is not confirmed dead, and that the brothers were innocent of murder, part of their defense regarding Till's actions and the release of Louis Till's rape record by politicians shows a blatant message. That even if the brothers killed Till, it was justified despite nonetheless being illegal.
Anyone, however, can read the various sources that talks about the issue at length. Personally I have Devery Anderson's most recent book.
Because we all know that the courts in the South were incredibly unfair to the blacks? Except there’s no real data to support that at the time,
In regards to death penalties, legal and illegal, for interracial rape, we do. This is supported, along with the data, In regards to changing testimonies in the case of Till, from the police, we do. From the fact that shortly afterward another white on black murder with a white witness (and multiple black ones) claiming otherwise. Said white was not only a friend of the defendants of the Till case, but was defended by the same officer who doubted the corpse's identity.
Point is that an entire survey of the south as a premise of bias is unnecessary (though supportive) of bias. The specific town where the crime took place has plenty of evidence of bias during the trial stemming from community values.
and victim surveys from modern times correspond with the police arrest rates, and police are more likely to kill a white person in any given arrest situation, are more likely to shoot blacks in simulations, and the black percentage of killing cops is higher than their percentage of being killed by cops. And in fact the black incarceration rate relative to whites is HIGHER than it was during segregation.
Irrelevant to the context of Till, a circumstance so legally unique from the above examples it shows Faulk's ignorance. The only connection is the matter of white credibility in modern settings verses in the context of a particular case.
As shown in previous articles, modern “institutional racism” in terms of police and court bias, callbacksand educational opportunities are very easily revealed to be phantasms – or at the very least the issue of whether or not they exist is much more complex than the basic statistics you hear on tumblr and huffpo posts would suggest.
Both articles are shitty, see United Left on the school vouchers argument.
Recent studies have shown that residential racial segregation has increased in the United States. This is an improvement over older studies which simply looked at cities and the percentage of each race in the cities. These newer methods actually look at the likelihood of you having a neighbor of a different race, and find that racial segregation is increasing.
So it's basically comparing two different types of "segregation", the conventional method comparing pre-1960s trends nonetheless decreasing.
We already know that schools are more segregated than they were during the late 1960s. Now this is a profound thing; you’ve been to school. You had first hand experience with how racially segregated they were. THAT was close to what it was like during Jim Crow that we hear so many stories about. So… how segregated did it seem?
Again, misleading headline.
In other places on this site, Sean and I make arguments about how currently, blacks and hispanics are not getting a raw deal in employment, courts or education. But what surprised me was just how much, looking into the past, the old days seem so similar to today in terms of the lot of blacks compared to whites.
They are drawn parallel. The past is not far away, it’s right here. 60 years ago was yesterday.
Only your superficial understanding of the 1960s, or any decade before.
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2020.09.18 08:42 BarneyBuckley History of Gamera

History of Gamera

Gamera
ガメラ
In this particular article I will be explaining the origins of Gamera as well as how he came to be. I will be talking about the company that first created Gamera and how it was sold to other companies all the way up to what is happening today.
Gamera is a gigantic flying Terrapin that was created by Daiei Motion Picture Company and now is owned by Kadokawa Pictures and Publishing Company. Gamera first made it on the screen in 1965 and was created simply because of the success of his counterpart and more popular monster they call Godzilla who has been on the screen a little bit low living Gamera. Godzilla started out in 1954. It was the 1960s when the “Monster Boom gained its popularity in Japan as both of these monsters are Japanese icons.
During the 1970s Gamera did attain some prominence on what is called UHF television stations that would feature these movies every Saturday morning as a Saturday matinee type movie. Gamera is a gigantic turtle that door in the Showa Series he stood at 60 m tall and door and the Heisei series he was 80 m tall. To describe Gamera even more Gamera possesses a pronounced sagittal crest on the top of his head and his mouth was filled with gigantic tea with two gigantic fangs protruding from his lower jaw or tusks.
Gamera in the Showa Series was a titanic, firebreathing, prehistoric species of tortoise or Terrapin. Gamera fed off of the petroleum-based materials that were on the planet at that time as he consumed it in order to breathe fire and fire at the Jets that would attack him. It is also known that Gamera has the capabilities of flying were Godzilla does not. By consuming the petroleum he is capable of extracting his legs in and they would ignite with flames coming out of all four legs as he propels himself spinning into the air.
Now we will talk about the original classic 1965 movie it begins showing bombers from the USSR or Russia as they are being intercepted by American fighters over the United States airspace in the Arctic. As we all know this sets off cataclysmic explosions that release Gamera from the ice and he goes on a rampage and at the end of the movie he is lured into this bay where the top of the bay is closed up it is a rocket and he is sent off into space.
Gamera has become a legacy as the Daiei Company who owned Gamera went on to create a lot of movies for the Showa Series. The next one after the original classic would be Gamera vs. Barugon which came out in 1966 and then Gamera vs. Gyaos in 1967, Gamera vs. Virus 1968, and Gamera vs. Guiron 1969, Gamera vs. Jiger 1970, Gamera vs. Zigra 1971, and finally the super cheesiest of all Gamera movies it is called “Gamera: Super Monster” which came out in 1980.
For me the movies were really good until after Gamera vs. Gyaos 1967 and then they got silly and super child friendly until Heisei Series. However that would all change for the company that created Gamera The Daiei Motion Picture Company would go bankrupt. This particular company was a product of government efforts to reorganize the film industry during World War II in order to rationalize its resources and increase control over the medium. It was then that the government plan to combine all the film studios into two companies, Masaichi Nagata, an executive at Shinkō Kinema, pressed hard for an alternative plan to create three studios. His efforts won out and Shinkō Kinema, Daito Eiga, and the production arm of Nikkatsu (the Nikkatsu theaters did not take part in the merger) were merged in 1942 to form the Dai Nippon Eiga Seisaku Kabushiki Kaisha, or Daiei for short. The novelist Kan Kikuchi served as the first president, with Nagata continuing as an executive. Daiei's studios were located in Chofu, Tokyo and in Uzumasa in Kyoto.
Nagata became president in 1947 and, apart from a brief period when he was purged by Occupation authorities, remained in that position until 1971. Under his reign, Daiei produced Akira Kurosawa's Rashomon (1950) and entered it in the Venice Film Festival, where it won the grand prize and became the first Japanese film to win an international award, thus introducing Japanese cinema to the world. Daiei also produced Teinosuke Kinugasa's Gate of Hell (1953), the first Japanese color film to be shown abroad, earning both an honorary Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film and the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival. Daiei also produced such renowned films as Mizoguchi's Ugetsu (1953) and Sansho the Bailiff (1954), as well as Jokyo (which was entered into the 10th Berlin International Film Festival). On the popular front, Daiei was also known for such successful film series as the Zatoichi films starring Shintaro Katsu, the Sleepy Eyes of Death series featuring Raizō Ichikawa, the Gamera movies, and the Daimajin Trilogy. Daiei also produced many television series such as Shōnen Jet.
In its heyday, Daiei featured such talent as the actors Raizō Ichikawa, Shintaro Katsu, Kazuo Hasegawa, Fujiko Yamamoto, Machiko Kyō, and Ayako Wakao; the directors Kenji Mizoguchi, Kon Ichikawa, Yasuzo Masumura, and Kenji Misumi; and the cinematographer Kazuo Miyagawa.
Like some other film studios, Daiei had its own professional baseball team in the 1950s, the Daiei Stars, which later became the Daiei Unions. These teams eventually became the Chiba Lotte Marines.
Now let us talk about the bankruptcy of the Daiei Motion Picture Company it was back in 1971 when they tried to stay alive I teaming up with Nikkatsu and another motion picture company however with the combination of both motion picture companies it was just not enough. Because in 1971 they would declare bankruptcy and it would be the members of the union who however succeeded in getting Yasuyoshi Tokuma, the president of the publishing house, Tokuma Shoten, to revive the company in 1974.
This particular version of the Daiei motion picture company would go on to be making only a small number of films, some of which were big budget spectaculars like the international coproduction “The Go Masters” which came out in 1982 and the ever popular and ever loving “Shall We Dance?” Which came out in 1996 and later in the United States this movie would be re-created using Richard Gere, Jennifer Lopez, Susan Sarandon and a very popular cast. This movie turned out to be a very good movie both versions of this movie are very good in their own way. After all the films were produced it would soon be after the passing Yasuyoshi Tokuma, Daiei Film Co. He died on September 20, 2000 in Tokyo, Japan and the company was sold to the Kadokawa Shoten Publishing Co.
In November 2002, Chairman Maihiko Kadokawa announced that Daiei Film Co. would merge with the company’s own film division, Kadokawa Pictures to form Kadokawa-Daiei Film Co. Ltd. it was during the time that when Yasuyoshi Tokuma, owned the Daiei company he would go on to create the three movie set of the Heisei Series Gamera movies as they are respectively titled “Gamera: Guardian of the Universe” (1995), “Gamera vs. Legion” (1996), and the last movie to speak of is “Gamera vs. Iris” (1999) and these particular movies were directed by Shesuke Kaneko who also directed the Godzilla film “GMK” which came out in 2001 for the Toho company. It is these three movies that puts Gamera back in the game with special effects as well as storyline and acting that surpasses any Godzilla film out there. It was these three movies that were critically acclaimed by the Japanese people.
In November 2002 when the company was purchased by Kadokawa Shoten Publishing Co. they would create another Gamera movie however they would go back to the Showa Series and this particular movie is very kid friendly and altered in a way that it upset a lot of Gamera fans. This movie even though it was child friendly the Gamera in this movie did not look like any Gamera most people recognize. The worst part about it is that this Gamera did not have a signature roar. Another key note is they change the origins of Gamera as he is capable of exploding which to me did not make any sense however he has to consume a red rock in order to go through changes to become the Gamera that we all know he can be he cannot do this without that red rock. They tentatively name this new Gamera “Toto” he does in fact fight a monster they call “Zedus” this is a gigantic lizard like monster with a big long purple top. To me this monster is not really a worthy competitor to what Gamera has fallen in the past. However it is very accommodating that he fights a tiny Gamera which in this case he does. This movie failed in a lot of ways as it is coming from the triple threat they gave Gamera a dark and eerie presence to a child friendly presence. This particular point is what most fans did not care about the movie.
Here is some more interesting facts about Gamera and the company that created him. In 1966 the movie that was released in America as Gamera the invincible is the original 1965 classic that was directed by Noriaki Yuasa and this story was written by Nisan Takahashi it quickly became a favorite to the children who love watching Gamera fight monsters. Like I mentioned above there was a total of seven films that was produced from 1965 to 1971 and the eighth entry was slated for a 1972 release this is where the loss projects come into play and this is a movie that never came to be and this is because the company was in the bankruptcy stage before being picked back up in 1974 they had to scrap this movie because of it. The movie was called “Gamera vs. Garasharp” which would have come out in 1972 but was forced to cease production because of the bankruptcy. This particular movie would have been about Gamera fighting a snake like creature that had the hood of a cobra and the snake body with antennas on its head.
As I mentioned before the company would go on to produce the Heisei Series of Gamera movies but for all that they wanted to produce another movie that would actually come out in 1980 it was called “Gamera: Super Monster” the filmmakers at this time were forced to make this film simply because of the contracts for one more Gamera film that was owed to the original Daiei company. It was an unfortunate event that when creating this film it was mostly stock footage with new scenes of a brand-new Gamera flying. It was when the production of the film began that Yuasa saw how poorly Tokuma was handling things and knew that Gamera could have never come back from the film. So he had Takahashi rewrite the ending to where Gamera was killed at the end.
Last but not least let us talk about some upcoming and future films for Gamera fans. It was noted in that on March 2014 “Anime News Network reported that a new Gamera production is planned, with no date specified however it is planned to be released sometime in 2015. Some rumors and speculations have risen on the Internet and here are some in my humble opinion something that do not like to hear.
It is said they will change Gamera’s form now what that means is they might completely alter the look of Gamera and honestly I am not sure that is a smart thing unless they change his looks to the point that you still recognize him like they do with the Godzilla suits.
Another thing they are going to change is his origins and they did that in the last movie called “Gamera Little Brave” which came out in 2006 and that in my opinion was not a good thing for the way they portrayed Gamera in this movie it would have been okay for kids but I did not personally care for the way they handled it. Assuming they are going to change the origin in this movie I hope it has something interesting to which will not be a bad thing I think the worst thing that gets to me is a going to change the looks of Gamera I am not sure how to handle that, but we will have to wait and see.
The last keynote that I want to mention is I have heard rumors and speculations that Kadokawa Pictures are thinking about removing Gamera and the fact that he flies and I hope this is just a rumor because honestly in my opinion this would be the most stupid thing they have ever done. Keep in mind it is the 50th anniversary movie for Gamera so for them to create a film they need to completely alter the entire franchise of Gamera give us a completely different Gamera that we could be pleased with, and again we will have to wait and see how they do this!
Now this particular article is based on some trivial facts and understanding of what Gamera is and how he was created and what companies owned him and what the companies went through all the way up to today with also updates on the new Gamera movie for his 50th anniversary and I am hoping they will do this well. I hope you enjoy this article!
The End
submitted by BarneyBuckley to Gamera [link] [comments]


2020.08.31 02:29 InvestingExplained Berkshire Hathaway and the incredible power of float

Today we’re going to talk about float, what it is and how you can build billion-dollar companies with it. Float is the money that a business receives today but doesn’t have to pay out until sometime in the future. Float is most commonly seen in insurance companies with customers paying premiums upfront to insure themselves against bad things happening sometime in the future. More examples include: Video game publishers, where they receive pre-orders. Commercial banking when they receive deposits and so on.
Why is receiving money upfront so valuable even when it needs to be paid at later date? Well, you can invest it! And the longer you have to invest it, the more likely it will grow larger than the amount that you will have to eventually pay out! So, you can see how easily this can snowball. Say I owned a tiny insurance business that insured $1,000 worth of damages for a year in exchange for a $100 upfront payment. If I have $10,000 in the bank I can safely have say, five customers insured like this every year for $500. Every year I can invest the money I got from those new customers and every year the cash I have grows so I can safely insure more customers and the cash you have grows in an exponential manner. Ok cool got it. So, what does this have to do with Berkshire Hathaway?
Sometime around the mid-1960s Mr. Buffett realized, with the help of his friend Charlie Munger, that he can’t keep investing in broken down businesses and had to instead look for “franchise” business that will continue to compound his hard earned capital through thick and thin. The next thing he realized is that he couldn’t just rely on the free cash flow generated from those company’s and had to instead find low cost financing for his acquisitions. That low cost financing came in the form of an insurance float which, as we’ve seen, are the premiums paid by insurance customers up front in order to be paid out by the insurance company later. Buffett bought a ton of these insurance companies starting with National Indemnity in 1967
Wait, why did we just say that float is low cost financing? Why is it financing and what is the cost of that financing? Well, float is financing because you are receiving money today, but you have to pay it out sometime in the future, exactly like a loan. The beauty of float though is that you don’t have to pay interest on that money! The only “interest” that you have to pay on that money is the normal cost of operating your business.
We’ve already seen why float would matter so much to Buffett, but it bears repeating. A dollar you receive today is worth more than a dollar you get a week from now because you can invest it at some rate to receive more money in the future. Buffet realized that the more float he had, the more float he could invest to buy other businesses. Float would compound in lockstep with the free-cashflow generated by his other businesses and in time create a juggernaut.
The final step in the Berkshire secret formula was increasing the duration of time between when the premiums are received and when they’re paid out. So, for Buffett, this meant buying up longer tailed insurance companies like insurance for catastrophes, and recently, Reinsurance companies. And there you have it! This is the basic DNA of one the most successful stocks in over the past 50 years and they’re still going at it.
submitted by InvestingExplained to investing_discussion [link] [comments]


2020.08.31 02:13 InvestingExplained Berkshire Hathaway and the incredible power of float

Today we’re going to talk about float, what it is and how you can build billion-dollar companies with it. Float is the money that a business receives today but doesn’t have to pay out until sometime in the future. Float is most commonly seen in insurance companies with customers paying premiums upfront to insure themselves against bad things happening sometime in the future. More examples include: Video game publishers, where they receive pre-orders. Commercial banking when they receive deposits and so on.
Why is receiving money upfront so valuable even when it needs to be paid at later date? Well, you can invest it! And the longer you have to invest it, the more likely it will grow larger than the amount that you will have to eventually pay out! So, you can see how easily this can snowball. Say I owned a tiny insurance business that insured $1,000 worth of damages for a year in exchange for a $100 upfront payment. If I have $10,000 in the bank I can safely have say, five customers insured like this every year for $500. Every year I can invest the money I got from those new customers and every year the cash I have grows so I can safely insure more customers and the cash you have grows in an exponential manner. Ok cool got it. So, what does this have to do with Berkshire Hathaway?
Sometime around the mid-1960s Mr. Buffett realized, with the help of his friend Charlie Munger, that he can’t keep investing in broken down businesses and had to instead look for “franchise” business that will continue to compound his hard earned capital through thick and thin. The next thing he realized is that he couldn’t just rely on the free cash flow generated from those company’s and had to instead find low cost financing for his acquisitions. That low cost financing came in the form of an insurance float which, as we’ve seen, are the premiums paid by insurance customers up front in order to be paid out by the insurance company later. Buffett bought a ton of these insurance companies starting with National Indemnity in 1967
Wait, why did we just say that float is low cost financing? Why is it financing and what is the cost of that financing? Well, float is financing because you are receiving money today, but you have to pay it out sometime in the future, exactly like a loan. The beauty of float though is that you don’t have to pay interest on that money! The only “interest” that you have to pay on that money is the normal cost of operating your business.
We’ve already seen why float would matter so much to Buffett, but it bears repeating. A dollar you receive today is worth more than a dollar you get a week from now because you can invest it at some rate to receive more money in the future. Buffet realized that the more float he had, the more float he could invest to buy other businesses. Float would compound in lockstep with the free-cashflow generated by his other businesses and in time create a juggernaut.
The final step in the Berkshire secret formula was increasing the duration of time between when the premiums are received and when they’re paid out. So, for Buffett, this meant buying up longer tailed insurance companies like insurance for catastrophes, and recently, Reinsurance companies. And there you have it! This is the basic DNA of one the most successful stocks in over the past 50 years and they’re still going at it.
submitted by InvestingExplained to investing [link] [comments]


2020.08.23 02:01 TopOfTheBot Top Posts and Comments of the Day

Top of the Day for 23/08/2020

For frequently asked questions, please click here. Times shown on this page are in UTC, and dates are displayed as Day/Month/Year.
There are some limitations with the Reddit API that still need to be worked around, you can help contribute to this bot through its GitHub page.

Most Upvoted Posts of the Day

First Place
After 6 months homeless & jobless. I now have a new apartment, car and a job in a call center. And I did it on my own. So proud of myself.
posted by itsamejay on /MadeMeSmile
Click here to view the post. ● 192,916 Upvotes ● Posted: 22/08/2020 at 02:40:07 UTC
Second Place
When someone is copying your answers so you write wrong ones
posted by qwertynolan on /gaming
Click here to view the post. ● 155,315 Upvotes ● Posted: 22/08/2020 at 10:21:07 UTC
Third Place
Dad holding me circa 1987. Me holding my son 2020.
posted by Trebas on /pics
Click here to view the post. ● 110,886 Upvotes ● Posted: 22/08/2020 at 00:23:51 UTC
Fourth Place
“Enjoy your meal” “thanks you too”
posted by time-to-bounce on /memes
Click here to view the post. ● 99,699 Upvotes ● Posted: 22/08/2020 at 02:56:50 UTC
Fifth Place
Let’s hope he gives me cyberpunk 2077 next
posted by LiamTrevelyan on /dankmemes
Click here to view the post. ● 93,476 Upvotes ● Posted: 22/08/2020 at 09:00:09 UTC

Most Downvoted Posts of the Day

This section is currently being worked on.

Most Upvoted Comments of the Day

IMPORTANT NOTE: This section may be not be accurate as it is under development. Currently this only gets the most upvoted top-level comments from the most upvoted posts today.
First Place
Here's a little lesson in trickery
posted by Rulfiger on /gaming
Click here to view the post. ● 15,076 Upvotes ● Posted: 22/08/2020 at 10:55:04 UTC
Second Place
This level usually has the least amount of eliminations, like 1 or 2 max. So, seeing so many people fall down is crazy.
posted by thebrownhash on /gaming
Click here to view the post. ● 13,323 Upvotes ● Posted: 22/08/2020 at 11:20:43 UTC
Third Place
You have your fathers nipples.
posted by baronvonkyken on /pics
Click here to view the post. ● 11,950 Upvotes ● Posted: 22/08/2020 at 00:42:30 UTC
Fourth Place
Bro that was the entire server nice
posted by ivancunj on /gaming
Click here to view the post. ● 10,416 Upvotes ● Posted: 22/08/2020 at 10:26:24 UTC
Fifth Place
Congratulations! ` I’m not congratulating you on your job, I’m congratulating you on not letting the hard times define you. For not giving up when it is so much easier to. I’m congratulating you for staying in the fight when things are at their worst and accomplishing what you set out to and bettering yourself and your situation. More people need to have the willpower and drive you have. Congratulations on never giving up!`
posted by Wood1e on /MadeMeSmile
Click here to view the post. ● 7,390 Upvotes ● Posted: 22/08/2020 at 02:48:56 UTC

Most Downvoted Comments of the Day

This section is currently being worked on.

Most Gilded Posts of the Day

IMPORTANT NOTE: This section may be not be accurate as it is under development.
First Place
The Fazbear Fanverse Initiative!
posted by animdude on /fivenightsatfreddys
Click here to view the post. ● 10,453 Upvotes ● 3 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 22/08/2020 at 00:46:00 UTC
Second Place
[OC] Monarchs of England/UK Revision Guide [WIP - constructive criticism welcome]
posted by Ocelot1138 on /dataisbeautiful
Click here to view the post. ● 21,167 Upvotes ● 3 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 22/08/2020 at 10:24:19 UTC
Third Place
[homemade] French macarons
posted by sugardevotion on /food
Click here to view the post. ● 13,540 Upvotes ● 3 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 16/08/2020 at 15:01:19 UTC
Fourth Place
Ok Reddit, I may not always understand you, but you asked me to make Jesus microwaving a burrito so hot that he himself could not eat it, so I gave it a shot.
posted by anitasketch on /interestingasfuck
Click here to view the post. ● 7,550 Upvotes ● 2 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 0 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 22/08/2020 at 21:32:31 UTC
Fifth Place
TIFU By forgetting to lock the bathroom door
posted by fivestringsofbliss on /tifu
Click here to view the post. ● 13,838 Upvotes ● 2 reward(s). ● 0 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 22/08/2020 at 15:58:19 UTC

Most Gilded Comments of the Day

IMPORTANT NOTE: This section may be not be accurate as it is under development.
First Place
ButFirstPearlJam here you go champ, [a quick and dirty edit combining it with her most famous performance.](https://streamable.com/7q2o56)
posted by PostsAnimalGifs on /MMA
Click here to view the post. ● 77 Upvotes ● 2 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 0 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 22/08/2020 at 23:16:59 UTC
Second Place
At least you have the fucking balls to say it. Like in Sweden in the newspapers if you post the picture of a man who's committed a crime like rape, and he's a Muslim or Black immigrant, you're \"racist\". Nevermind that the race of the suspect exists independently from whatever racial prejudices the reporter may hold. Obviously not all immigrants are criminals (correlation/causation), but this \"all groups are equal\" political correctness bullshit is making it impossible for the country to solve a problem it cannot discuss.
posted by forsen on /WTF
Click here to view the post. ● 0 Upvotes ● 2 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 0 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 23/08/2010 at 23:50:14 UTC
Third Place
If you’re in the PNW I’ll drive you. We’ll make sure we have a cop there too when you leave. I’ve got a Pit Bull too who looks tough but gives good kisses who can come along too. You’re not alone. You’re stronger than you believe and you will survive him.
posted by MSJMF on /relationship_advice
Click here to view the post. ● 1,346 Upvotes ● 2 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 0 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 06/07/2020 at 16:36:11 UTC
Fourth Place
[It's real](http://howglobalwarmingworks.org/), [it's us](https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/blogs/climateqa/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2010/05/natural_anthropogenic_models_narrow.png), [it's bad](https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/sites/2/2019/02/SR15_Chapter3_Low_Res.pdf), [there's hope](https://citizensclimatelobby.org/10-reasons-hopeful-climate-progress/), and [the science is reliable](https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/12/even-50-year-old-climate-models-correctly-predicted-global-warming). `The question that remains now is *what are we going to do about it?*` The consensus among [scientists](http://bush.tamu.edu/istpp/scholarship/journals/ClimateScientistsPerspectives_ClimaticChange.pdf) and [economists](http://policyintegrity.org/files/publications/ExpertConsensusReport.pdf) on [carbon pricing](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbon_price)^§ to mitigate climate change is similar to [the consensus among climatologists](http://climate.nasa.gov/scientific-consensus/) that human activity is responsible for global warming. Putting the price [upstream](https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424127887323611604578396401965799658) where the fossil fuels enter the market makes it simple, easily enforceable, and bureaucratically lean. Returning the revenue as an equitable dividend [offsets any regressive effects of the tax](http://www.nber.org/papers/w9152.pdf) (in fact, [~60% of the public would receive more in dividend than they paid in tax](http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0081648#s7)) and allows for a higher carbon price (which [is what matters for climate mitigation](https://www.worldscientific.com/doi/pdf/10.1142/S201000781840002X)) because [the public isn't willing to pay anywhere near what's needed otherwise](http://www.apnorc.org/projects/Pages/Is-the-Public-Willing-to-Pay-to-Help-Fix-Climate-Change-.aspx). Enacting a [border tax](http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2026879) would protect domestic businesses from foreign producers not saddled with similar pollution taxes, and also [incentivize those countries](http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/handle/205761) to enact their own. And [*a carbon tax accelerates the adoption of every other solution*](https://www.drawdown.org/frequently-asked-questions). It's [widely regarded](https://www.nature.com/articles/s41558-019-0474-0.epdf?author_access_token=tst1A-oZnQ8zUO18wGGPQdRgN0jAjWel9jnR3ZoTv0Nfy3PIgvrwnNXQzIbXH8z1Wkqhm6g5NiMnxMk__ebsKxGQNB0hMf1Vpo-ZiNplSt5LeLyks-Q3sdrpBdfxxHvAfQylqqwqHxgEml7GEGOxaQ%3D%3D) as the single most impactful climate mitigation policy. `[Conservative estimates](http://rdcu.be/cLYO) are that failing to mitigate climate change will cost us 10% of GDP over 50 years, [starting about now](http://policyintegrity.org/files/publications/ExpertConsensusReport.pdf). In contrast, carbon taxes may actually *boost* GDP, if the revenue is [returned as an equitable dividend to households](http://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2014/jun/13/how-revenue-neutral-carbon-tax-creates-jobs-grows-economy) (the [poor tend to spend money when they've got it](http://www.econ2.jhu.edu/people/ccarroll/papers/cstwMPC.pdf), which [boosts economic growth](https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/sdn/2015/sdn1513.pdf)) not to mention [create jobs](https://econ.ucalgary.ca/manageprofile/sites/econ.ucalgary.ca.manageprofile/files/unitis/publications/1-7729354/Yamazaki_CarbonTax_JEEM_2017.pdf) and [save lives](https://globalchange.mit.edu/news-media/jp-news-outreach/shift-renewable-electricity-win-win-statewide-level). ` Taxing carbon [is in each nation's own best interest](http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2015/wp15105.pdf) (it [saves lives at home](https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-09499-x)) and [many nations have already started](https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/29687/9781464812927.pdf?sequence=5&isAllowed=y), which [can have knock-on effects in other countries](http://policyintegrity.org/files/publications/ExpertConsensusReport.pdf). In poor countries, [taxing carbon is progressive even *before* considering smart revenue uses](https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/2018/02/ipcc_wg3_ar5_summary-for-policymakers.pdf), because only the \"rich\" can afford fossil fuel in the first place. We [won’t wean ourselves off fossil fuels without a carbon tax](http://news.mit.edu/2016/carbon-tax-stop-using-fossil-fuels-0224), the [longer we wait to take action the more expensive it will be](http://rdcu.be/cZjG). Each year we delay costs [~$900 billion](https://cla.umn.edu/heller-hurwicz/news-events/news/policy-brief-calibrating-price-climate-risk). [It's the smart thing to do](https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0095069698910580), and the IPCC report made clear [pricing carbon is *necessary* if we want to meet our 1.5 ºC target](https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/sites/2/2018/12/SR15_TS_High_Res.pdf). `Contrary to [popular belief](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pluralistic_ignorance#Examples) the main barrier isn't lack of public support. But [we can't keep hoping others will solve this problem for us](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diffusion_of_responsibility). We need to take the necessary steps to make this dream a reality:` `[**Build the political will for a livable climate**](https://citizensclimatelobby.org/join-citizens-climate-lobby/?tfa_3590416195188=reddit-CarbonTax&utm_source=reddit&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=CarbonTax). [Lobbying works](https://sociology.stanford.edu/sites/default/files/publications/friends_or_foes-how_social_movement_allies_affect_the_passage_of_legislation_in_the_u._s._congress.pdf), and you [don't need a lot of money to be effective](http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.1016.1967&rep=rep1&type=pdf) (though it does help to [educate yourself on effective tactics](http://www.congressfoundation.org/storage/documents/CMF_Pubs/cmf-citizen-centric-advocacy.pdf)). If you're too busy to go through the [free training](https://citizensclimatelobby.org/new-membe#climateadvocatetraining), sign up for [text alerts](https://citizensclimatelobby.org/text/) to join coordinated call-in days ([it works](http://www.congressfoundation.org/storage/documents/CMF_Pubs/cmf-citizen-centric-advocacy.pdf)) or set yourself a monthly reminder to [write a letter](https://www.ted.com/talks/omar_ahmad_political_change_with_pen_and_paper?language=en) to your elected officials. According to NASA climatologist and climate activist [Dr. James Hansen](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Hansen), becoming an [active volunteer with Citizens' Climate Lobby](https://citizensclimatelobby.org/join-citizens-climate-lobby/?tfa_3590416195188=reddit-CarbonTax&utm_source=reddit&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=CarbonTax) is [the most important thing you can do for climate change](https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q4DAW1A6Ca8), and [climatologist Dr. Michael Mann](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_E._Mann) calls its [Carbon Fee & Dividend](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbon_fee_and_dividend) policy [an example of sort of visionary policy that's needed](https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2019/06/03/climate-change-requires-collective-action-more-than-single-acts-column/1275965001/).` ` § The IPCC (AR5, WGIII) Summary for Policymakers states with \"high confidence\" that tax-based policies are effective at decoupling GHG emissions from GDP (see p. 28). Ch. 15 has a more complete discussion. The U.S. National Academy of Sciences, one of the most respected scientific bodies in the world, has also called for a carbon tax. According to IMF research, most of the $5.2 trillion in subsidies for fossil fuels come from not taxing carbon as we should. There is general agreement among economists on carbon taxes whether you consider economists with expertise in climate economics, economists with expertise in resource economics, or economists from all sectors. It is literally Econ 101. The idea won a Nobel Prize. Thanks to researchers at MIT, you can see for yourself how it compares with other mitigation policies here.`
posted by ILikeNeurons on /dataisbeautiful
Click here to view the post. ● 710 Upvotes ● 2 reward(s). ● 0 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 19/08/2020 at 13:17:03 UTC
Fifth Place
No like the pussy who brought a bat to a rally because he has a gapping pussy and got scared
posted by Hellanoel on /ActualPublicFreakouts
Click here to view the post. ● 9 Upvotes ● 1 reward(s). ● 0 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 0 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 22/08/2020 at 22:34:50 UTC
submitted by TopOfTheBot to TopOfThe [link] [comments]


2020.08.21 18:15 GamingGideon Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time - Review Thread

Game Information

Courtesy of https://www.opencritic.com/game/9852/samurai-jack-battle-through-time
Game Title: Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time
Platforms:
  • Nintendo Switch (Aug 21, 2020)
  • PC (Aug 21, 2020)
  • Xbox One (Aug 21, 2020)
  • PlayStation 4 (Aug 21, 2020)
Trailers:
Developer: Soleil Ltd.
Publisher: Adult Swim Games
Review Aggregator:
OpenCritic - 71 average - 48% recommended - 21 reviews

Critic Reviews

But Why Tho? - Kate Sanchez - 8.5 / 10
When all is said and done, Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time is a wonderful game. It’s humorous, nostalgic, and something I would recommend to both existing fans and new ones alike. While there is a lot to be gained when you already know the story, prior knowledge isn’t necessary and I can easily see this title making new Jack fans out of many players. By nailing nearly every element, Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time is just the game I was looking for.
CGMagazine - Jordan Biordi - 7 / 10
Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time goes back to the past-for better or worse, as a fun, but somewhat shallow experience.
COGconnected - Jaz Sagoo - 60 / 100
Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time is a mediocre trip down memory lane. Although interacting with beloved characters is amusing, its core gameplay is dull and repetitive. Fans may enjoy the new narrative that extends the epic conclusion of season 5 but be prepared to endure some blunt, boring combat.
Cultured Vultures - Jimmy Donnellan - 8 / 10
Watch out: Battle Through Time might go down as one of 2020's surprise hits.
Destructoid - Chris Carter - 4.5 / 10
Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time is a weak adaptation of the series, but the action mechanics just aren't all there either, dragging it down even further. With a few tweaks it could be a fun little weekend mascot game, but as is, this adaption isn't going to appeal to just about anyone.
DualShockers - Charlie Wacholz - 6.5 / 10
Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time feels like it's stuck in the past. As a game in 2020, it feels like a relic of a bygone era; Jack lost the battle through time ten years ago.
GameSkinny - Daniel Hollis - 7 / 10 stars
Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time occasionally stumbles, but it often manages to be a strong showcase for the TV series.
GameSpew - Richard Seagrave - 6 / 10
If you’re a huge Samurai Jack fan who wants to spend some more time with the character, it’s worth a play. But if you have experience with the likes of Devil May Cry or Ninja Gaiden, you will find its gameplay lacking.
GameZone - George Yang - 8 / 10
It's usual to be wary of games based on licensed properties, as historically they tend to be subpar quality churned out for a quick buck. However, Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time is unexpectedly a fun time.
GamingTrend - Ben Lombardo - 75 / 100
Although Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time has the occasional frame rate drop, and it doesn't pose that high a challenge, Soleil's game direction has proved worthwhile. Having all the tools to shape your experience provides a thoroughly enjoyable experience for the player, and it'll keep long-time fans of the series happy seeing Jack's old allies in action once more. However, with such a short time-to-complete and weak story, it will have you yearn for more.
God is a Geek - Gary Bailey - 8.5 / 10
Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time is a love letter to the animated series and a throwback to classic platform action games of the PS2 era, in the best possible way.
IGN - Alex Santa Maria - 8 / 10
Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time is a surprisingly fleshed-out action game that should please both the Toonami faithful and those who miss a simpler time in the action genre.
MonsterVine - Diego Escala - 3 / 5
When all is said and done, Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time is perfectly mediocre if a tad disappointing for fans of the series expecting more.
Nintendo Times - Tony Matthews - 7.5 / 10
GOOD - If you’re a fan of the legendary animated series then you’ll no doubt find enjoyment here cutting up Aku’s robotic army as Samurai Jack. Just don’t expect much more than that out of this title.
NintendoWorldReport - John Rairdin - 7 / 10
While Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time could ultimately do with some more focus on its core elements rather than its extensive side system, there is enough here to be enjoyable. For fans of the series revisiting these classic locations and characters years later can help push through the rough spots. It may not win over any new converts, but longtime fans shouldn't have too much trouble looking past some faults purely for the joy of seeing Jack once again.
Push Square - Ken Talbot - 7 / 10
Ultimately, this isn't the Samurai Jack game of your dreams. But despite its flaws, this is a good action game that will please fans, and its simplistic nature may even introduce the property to a younger audience.
Shacknews - Donovan Erskine - 8 / 10
With characters and a story so true to the source material, Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time is an excellently executed adaptation that Samurai Jack fans will adore.
Wccftech - Kai Powell - 6.7 / 10
A relic of another time, Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time feels dated by today's standards of character action games but still represents a mighty fine way to replay as one of Adult Swim's most notable heroes.
We Got This Covered - Todd Rigney - 4 / 5 stars
Finally, after years of waiting, Samurai Jack fans finally have a game that captures the look, feel, and spirit of the cartoon series. It's not a perfect experience, mind you, but fans who've ever wanted to control the charming samurai now have an opportunity to do so.
Windows Central - Rebecca Spear - 3.5 / 5 stars
Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time is a hack and slash adventure with a few platforming elements. If you like taking on punishingly difficult hordes of enemies and proving your fighting prowess, you'll enjoy this game.
cublikefoot - Chase Ferrin - Recommended
Samurai Jack: Battle Through Time is a solid action platformer with some nice combat, a cool aesthetic, and an overall nostalgic style of gameplay reminiscent of the PS2 and GameCube days. It may not have much in the way of a story and the combat isn’t perfect, but I had a good time during the six hours that it took for me to complete the game.
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2020.08.20 18:28 LunarRepubl1c Black Ops Story Speculation (Tape #5, 1981)

title correction: Black Ops Story Speculation (Tape #6, 1981)
Previous threads:
Tape 1 (1962-63)
Tape 2 (1968-69)
Tape 3 (1972-73)
Tape 4 (1977-78)
Tape 5 (1979)

So….the teaser came out :D .
Obviously it’s Black Ops: Cold War, but I’m excited to see more little details revealed in this trailer. I might break it down in a different thread, but expect to see some details here too.
  1. I should’ve figured it’s a year closer to 1979. If the flashback narrative being hinted is legit, we would have more events closer to our ‘present’ day. I guess we won't get links to the SDI project OR the Challenger, but then we've got a lot of other interesting events already.
Before we dive in, a correction: I mentioned the chess pieces in the previous thread might link to characters dying in the story. Turns out they were just linked with the ciphers and puzzles, with one coming down each time a day’s cipher was solved (all of the pieces are currently down). It could still be a representation of lives being lost every era of the Cold War, but I’ll admit, I wasn’t paying complete attention to the cipher hunt besides the bunker discoveries.
Anyways, let's get into the final tape. Apologies if this thread comes later than before, but there's a LOT I had to unpack in this one.
So here we go. Again, we’re looking at common themes and individual stand-up clips, for any hints to the story. The full tape for reference.
And for one last time: If something glitches, pay attention!


Finally, let’s get into one clip I skipped. One that's tied directly with our teaser trailer:
Yuri Bezmenov, our Soviet spy boy. Bezmenov was a Russian spy who was planted in India, until he found he disliked the Soviet’s suppression of intellectuals, and defected. He appears in Tape #6 at 15:40, during the series of clips of other Russian defectors and double-agents. His words speak for itself:
“The highest art of warfare is not to fight at all. But to subvert anything of value in your enemy’s country. Be it moral traditions, religions, respect towards authority and leaders, cultural traditions, anything. Put white against black, old against young, wealth against poor, doesn’t matter. As long as it disturbs society, as long as it cuts the moral fiber of the nation, it’s good.’
This is the context for so many of the clips. The strikes, the racial conflict, the protests, young people and economic problems. Maybe not ALL of them are directly caused by Soviets, but they must've nudged something to make them happen.
Coupled with other info in the trailer, I think our game's conflict is obvious: We have a Russian plot to destabilize the United States and its allies. The Russian agents are doing it through assassinations, sabotage, sleeper cells, and quite possibly mind control. We might even have American collaborators to allow this to happen.
Knowing Treyarch's games, this plot's going to be capped off with something explosive; something that could allow for a climatic battle with our characters. Black Ops 1 had the impending launch of Nova 6, Black Ops 2 had Raul Menendez taking over the drones, and Black Ops 3 had Corvus trying to spread a digital-mental computer virus.
Expect Russia attempting a knockout strike on America, and our characters trying to stop it.
---
Now, u/ParagonFury made a good thread about Yuri Beznemov. He has some legitimate criticism about Beznemov and his appearance in the trailer (mostly about how Beznemov isn’t as knowledgable as people make him out to be). But I want to highlight one statement:
The things Beznemov talks about and suggests the Soviets do to the US don't work in a country where people like Romney and Trump exist in the same party, or where someone like AOC and Biden can peacefully co-exist in the same party. The US is simply too massive, too diverse for that kind of strategy to work - you can sow chaos by following some basic psychology tricks, sure. But you'd need willing accomplices, AND another method of attack if you actually wanted to destroy a country like the United States.
I agree. You’ll need more than a few Soviet agents in order to do the stuff that Beznemov described. There’s a chance Treyarch will just handwave this for the sake of an exciting action thriller, but I think they’ll actually explain all these points.
The key words here are accomplices, and a method of attack.
1. MKUltra
This is the big one. In Tape 4, we’ve got a LOT of clips about the CIA’s mind control program, and in other tapes we’ve got a focus on emotional manipulation in the media, aggressive impulses, and mob behavior.
I’m certain we’re getting mind-control in this game. After all, it can make people follow orders en-mass (willing accomplices), and it’s a powerful weapon against any state (a method of attack). It also falls in line with Beznemov’s quote in the VHS tape: the highest art of warfare is to not fight at all. Why fight the enemy when you can just control them?
Now, this could just be a red herring. Maybe the CIA did try to experiment in mind control, but the experiments never panned out. But why the emphasis on a Truth Drug? Why the other mentions of Soviets trying to manipulate what Americans are saying, or their actions?
And this is a Black Ops game. We’ve had brainwashing in BO1, drone armies and future tech in BO2, and A.I.s stealing people’s bodies in BO3. Would it be that out of place to put in more mind control?
I guess it depends on how grounded in reality this game is. Treyarch might pull a Modern Warfare, with a more realistic game featuring less implausible tech or events. But will they really tone things down?
2. American Collaborators
Exactly what it says.
if Russia has a hand in mind control (maybe through co-opting MKUltra), I doubt they’ll rely on only mind-controlled Americans. There’s plenty of Americans in the Cold War who willingly helped Russia, like double agent Adrich Ames (who appeared in this tape).
We won’t just face Russians. We’ll be facing willing American collaborators, working with Soviets to create a hardline U.S. government, or just overthrow it altogether. It’ll be standard coup stuff, with either army battalions being co-opted, or we have armed rebels in the middle of cities (like the L.A. level in Black Ops 2.). Or it could be agents infiltrating government institutions, taking things over in silence.
And remember: Call of Duty is a game built on shooting waves of enemies coming at you. If we’re getting combat levels in America, it’ll be a little ridiculous to have a whole army of Soviets in the middle of the United States. If Treyarch wants the game to be more grounded (and seems like they’re doing that), they might have some Americans working with the Soviets.
Though I can think of ways they’d go around this. They could do raids like Modern Warfare 2019, where you have less Russians opposing you, but the gunplay is more tense and dramatic. It could add a stealth element that'll help the game’s covert tone.
…or they could just not care, like how MW3 has an army of terrorists setting up shop in London, or Black Ops 1 having a whole battalion of KGB guys in Hong Kong (without any political consequences).
I’m betting Treyarch’s will find a compromise. It’ll be an interesting change of pace, as the Russian enemies in CoD are getting a little stale. Not that Russia wasn’t a totalitarian government at the time (and now), but it'll spice things up.
--
That's all for now. I'll be making one more thread summarizing the possible contents of the game, but it's been a blast. Some people liked the ciphers, but this was the highlight of the teaser for me. Half the time, I felt like I'm uncovering an actual conspiracy, like I'm just a step away from morphing into Mailroom-Conspiracy-Charlie from It's Always Sunny. I think that's the excitement Treyarch meant to spark with this whole teaser campaign.
Thanks for all the support! I'm happy people were so interested in my analysis of these tapes. Also, thanks to u/Sageburner712 for his own threads, he put up some interesting details I missed. Look out for at least one more thread!
Any thoughts and speculation of your own? Let me know in the comments!



(Also, thank you to Activision and Treyarch for the message! I hope this game turns out amazing; I'm definitely getting it when it comes out.
Also, if you're reading this: please make the game less than a bazillion Gigabytes. I'm saving disk space for Cyberpunk 2077, the only other game I can uninstall is Modern Warfare 2019, and I don't want Infinity Ward devs haunting me in my sleep. )
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2020.08.20 14:41 monologousmutilation William Afton - Wikipedia

Took a while to make this. No scares, just a fun headcanon-filled Wikipedia article I made. Can you find all the easter eggs?
William Charles Afton (Born December 19th, 1944 - disappeared August 3rd, 1996, declared dead September 15th, 1999) was an England-born inventor, engineer, businessman, and entrepreneur. A pioneer of the robotics field and the children’s entertainment industry, Afton contributed heavily to the advancement of animatronic design and the founding of Fazbear Entertainment, a corporation (and later media conglomerate) specializing in children’s entertainment and animatronics. Afton also founded the titular company Afton Robotics, an animatronic manufacturer well known for producing and supplying animatronic characters for restaurants like Freddy Fazbear’s Pizza before filing for bankruptcy in 2005.
Born in Manchester, England, Afton studied robotics engineering for most of the 1960s, receiving a master’s degree in engineering from the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology in 1974. After his emigration to the United States of America in 1978, Afton established Fredbear’s Family Diner with business partner and personal friend Henry Emily, working directly with Emily as owner of the establishment until stepping down in 1981, citing creative differences over Emily’s founding of Fazbear Entertainment, and founding Afton Robotics.
Afton received heavy publicity in 1983 when he was arrested and charged with four counts of first-degree murder in June, after becoming a prime suspect of the investigation following the disappearance of 4 (possibly 5) children inside Freddy Fazbear’s Pizza in Hurricane, Utah. A criminal trial followed soon after, but Afton was acquitted of all charges in July. Afton became the subject of more scrutiny in September 1984, when Afton Robotics’ highly-anticipated entertainment venue, Circus Baby’s Pizza World, was permanently shut down days before its grand opening; Afton Robotics issued an official statement citing gas leaks and dissatisfaction with its animatronic characters.
William Afton remained CEO of Afton Robotics until he was reported to have gone missing on August 3rd, 1996. Multiple suspects were questioned, including former business partner Henry Emily and Afton’s oldest son Michael, but the investigation was considered a dead end by the end of 1996, and Afton was declared dead on September 15th, 1999. Afton Robotics suffered a heavy loss in stocks following Afton’s disappearance, and later filed for bankruptcy in 2005.
Early life
William Afton was born in 1944 to Samantha and Kane Afton (a wealthy local judge) in West Manchester General Hospital in the city of the same name. William attended Wool Bonne Preparatory School - teachers described Afton as “pleasant” and “remarkable” - in an interview with local New Harmony news station Flash 58, Afton described his childhood in length.
“I wasn’t the nicest kid around. Bit of a spoiled brat, actually. I had friends… but it was always my studies I was concerned about. I think I was a bit of a prick when I was a kid. I remember chasing around some of the other kids, the younger ones, and I’d poke them and tease them and- well, kid things. I’d apologize to them now, but - heh, I don’t even remember their names.” -William Afton, August 10th, 1988, Flash 58 interviews Afton Robotics CEO.
Afton lived in Manchester until he moved to Liverpool in 1967. By 1974, Afton received a master’s degree from the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology.
In 1967, Afton married local actress Jacqueline Hart. Together, they had three children: Michael Joseph Afton (1969-2024), Elizabeth Samantha Afton (1973-1984), and Cassidy Kane Afton (1977-1983). From 1974 to 1978, Afton worked at a local telecommunications company. According to Afton himself in an interview with HUTV News, he spent a substantial amount of this time attempting to finance his Springlock Mascot Suit Endo-00 design:
“Ah yes, the suits. I’ve always regretted those damned things [...] after I received my degree and I settled down with my wife in Liverpool, I’d finalized the design, or so I thought at the time, but I needed money. And times weren’t the best back then [...] no one was interested in it, for one. Said the animatronic stuff was a fad… plus they were just too dangerous. I’d never actually gotten to build the design until I collaborated with Henry, and I hadn’t noticed how dangerous they were until I saw them in person… even after that though, I suppose it wasn’t enough.” -William Afton, March 5th, 1988, HUTV News: Interview with Afton Robotics CEO: Circus Baby's Comeback.
Afton made plans to emigrate to the United States of America with his family after these attempts were rendered unsuccessful, though Afton never made a statement as to why. On February 7th, 1978, Afton’s wife Jacqueline was reported dead. Coroners ruled the cause of death as a pulmonary embolism. Later that year in April, William and his three children emigrated to the USA, moving to New Harmony, Utah.
Career with Fazbear Entertainment
Not much is known about Afton’s life in America before founding Fredbear’s Family Diner with fellow entrepreneur Henry Emily in New Harmony, Utah. An excerpt from the diner’s “Welcome board” reads as follows:
“MEET FREDBEAR AND SPRINGBONNIE’S GREATEST FRIENDS! Henry Emily and William Afton have worked hard to bring the greatest in entertainment right to the doorstep of New Harmony. It was not so long ago when Henry and his friend Fredbear were looking for fellow band members - what a surprise it was for them when William Afton and great friend Springbonnie, also looking for work and companionship, met them and devised the unforgettable and affordable experience you’re in RIGHT NOW! You can always catch Henry Emily introducing the bear-and-bunny duo on Saturday nights, and William Afton is always hard at work sending out letters for any furry friends who wish to join them on their adventure.” -Welcome board for Fredbear’s Family Diner, New Harmony, Utah, observed in 1979.
Afton was historically outspoken as to the mutual understanding of his partnership with Emily, stating in a press release in 1981 that Emily “took [his] fantasies and allowed [him] to make them reality.” The official design for Afton’s Springlock Mascot Suit Endo-01 was filed and patented in June 1978, with two versions being manufactured by Afton and Emily themselves; the RXP-001 and RXQ-001 models, to be used as bases for characters later officially named Fredbear and Springbonnie. (See list of Fazbear Entertainment mascots and characters for more info.) Fredbear’s Family Diner officially opened to the public on August 13th, 1978, immediately becoming a local sensation in New Harmony.
At the time, the Springlock Mascot Suit Endo-01 design was considered revolutionary in the field of robotics, and paved the way for animatronic design in the future. The original Endo-00 design was meant to serve the dual purpose of a mascot suit to be worn by a human operator that could also be shifted into an "animatronic mode" - blueprint designs of the Endo-00 design released by Afton Robotics in 1985 noted how iron springlocks lined around the inside of the suit could be manually adjusted to allow for the pieces of the animatronic endoskeleton to detach and compress into the lining of the outer casing to allow for use as a suit. The Endo-00 design was never properly manufactured; when the Endo-01 design was finalized and the RXP-001 and RXQ-001 models were built by Emily and Afton, the transition process from "suit" to "animatronic" mode was simplified by allowing the operator to use a metal crank (inserted into various slots of the suit) to adjust the springlocks without needing to open the suit. In "animatronic" mode, the Endo-01 design was capable of fully simulated head, torso, and arm movement. The two Springlock Mascot Suit -01 models were regularly used by Fredbear's Family Diner for several years until 1983.
Establishing Afton Robotics
In January 1981, Fazbear Entertainment was established by Emily and plans to expand the Fazbear franchise surfaced - by 1982, Fredbear's Family Diner regularly advertised and promoted Freddy Fazbear's Pizza, a new restaurant set for opening in 1983 in the neighboring city of Hurricane, Utah. Afton Robotics was founded later in February, and William Afton stepped down from management of Fredbear's Family Diner. In an issue of The Daily Duck, New Harmony's local newspaper, Fazbear Entertainment issued a public statement:
"Don't worry, folks! Here at Fazbear Entertainment we pride ourselves on transparency and familiarity. We have good news and bad news. The bad news is: our dear friend William Afton will be officially leaving the Fredbear family as of February 14th. The good news is: Afton's dear work has paid off, and we will still be in contact with him! After over a year of searching, thanks to Afton's help, we have found a merry band of four furry friends looking for the perfect stage to test their skills… and entertain some kids along the way! William and his new friends over at Afton Robotics are working very hard to bring these new friends to you, so please be patient. If you have any questions, be sure to contact our customer support number - or, if you're already here, why not ask Fredbear himself at Fredbear's Family Diner?" -Fazbear Entertainment Public Statement, The Daily Duck, February 7th 1981 issue.
In March 1981, a patent was filed by Afton Robotics for the Mascot Endo-X, a modification of the Springlock Mascot Suit Endo-01 design that removed "suit mode" features and expanded on motion capabilities and durability. Experts were initially sceptical of the Mascot Endo-X design, labelling the added motion capabilities (such as walking and crouching) to be "ludicrous" and "far-fetched" - in response to this criticism, Afton held a short presentation in Salt Lake City, showcasing a prototype base Endo-X model, featuring precision joints in hands for advanced finger movement, installable balance actuators for torso and limbs, magnetic on/off panels on bottoms of feet to ground endoskeleton, and other features not seen in marketed robotics at the time. Also presented were five additional Endo-X designs with individual features:
FF-1: Advanced speakers placed inside the torso to simulate speaking and singing; music box synthesizer module inside chest.
BB-1: Authentic guitar with simulated song speaker; simulated LED eye color capable of cycling through multiple colors.
CC-1: Intended to hold a smaller mechanical object capable of blinking and "laughing", held snug onto hand via magnets.
FP-1: Individually moving eyepatch; advanced arm and leg movement to enable "peeking".
SP-1: Frequency inspection system; sound familiarity and recognition; capable of sounding alarms and alerting staff via sound plugin connected to mainframe.
Few information was given on the characters the models would be used for until 1982 when Fazbear Entertainment held its own press conference revealing its partnership with Afton Robotics and identifying the characters as Freddy Fazbear, Bonnie the Bunny, Chica Chicken, and Foxy the Pirate, to be used in the Freddy Fazbear's Pizza restaurant. Of particular interest to shareholders and news reporters during the Afton Robotics presentation was the SP-1 model, later officially named Marionette by Fazbear Entertainment; Afton himself coined it to be a "security guard", capable of identifying objects and persons using security tags embedded in bracelets.
This presentation was a turning point for Afton's career and the future of Afton Robotics. Quarterly stocks raised exponentially; various children's entertainment venues such as Melody Way Inc. reportedly underwent production contracts with Afton Robotics. However, at this point in time, Afton was adamant to press that his highest priority was the company's contract with Fazbear Entertainment. While the company produced several animatronic characters for various venues (see list of Afton Robotics contracts and publishers for more info), Afton Robotics gained the majority of its fortune and reputation through its dealings with Fazbear Entertainment.
In April 1981, Afton Robotics bought a large automobile factory in New Harmony, Utah, at the time owned by automaker company Hadcappe. This factory would become the main headquarters of Afton Robotics over time, and one of three Afton Robotics factories in the Midwest dedicated to animatronic development and production. The New Harmony facility was unique from its sister locations in how Afton Robotics excavated underground to increase storage size and plans - it would later be officially named Circus Baby’s Entertainment and Rental after Afton Robotics’ fallout with Fazbear Entertainment in 1988.
Safety inspections and controversy
The first of many controversies to plague William Afton struck in February 1983 following the death of Charlotte Lorraine Emily, the seven-year old daughter of Henry Emily, who was found dead in an alley behind Freddy Fazbear’s Pizza. Eyewitness reports were few and far between - parents claimed that Emily’s daughter had been playing with several other children in the Marionette character's “play zone” when she was reportedly locked outside, then found dead in the alley by her father upon closing.
Several shareholders of Afton Robotics criticized the SP-001 (“Marionette”) model for its inability to prevent Charlotte Emily’s death - members of the press questioned Afton as to possible exaggeration of the SP-001 model’s abilities. Camera footage showed that the Marionette animatronic was inside its “home box” when Emily was locked outside, and failed to follow her until she had already died, decommissioning itself in the process due to the heavy rain. This behavior was not indicative of the behavior Afton had previously promised of the SP-001 model, and market interest in the model fell dramatically until Afton Robotics finally stopped selling the animatronic model later that year. Fazbear Entertainment’s CEO Henry Emily also stepped down less than a week after the incident occurred.
Following the opening of Freddy Fazbear’s Pizza in January 1983, additional RXP-001 and RXQ-001 Springlock Mascot Suit Endo-01 models were built as backup mascots for the location - Freddy Fazbear’s Pizza was well known for hosting “guest parties” for special occasions featuring the Fredbear and Springbonnie characters using these suits. Following Henry Emily’s official stepping down from CEO of Fazbear Entertainment in February 1983, the company began plans to expand with more Freddy Fazbear’s Pizza locations across America, particularly focusing on the Midwest.
Afton himself also worked directly with the management of the Freddy Fazbear’s Pizza in Hurricane, Utah on occasion, working as a technician and training employees on proper usage of the suits. Afton recounted his experience in an issue of People Magazine released on November 25th, 1987:
“Well, Henry was gone by that point, yes, but I felt a responsibility to keep his legacy safe, and those suits weren’t safe if they weren’t handled properly… as you can tell. Henry had hired people who were damn good at entertaining children and upholding a safe environment, yes, but when it came to experience with the animatronics and the suits, they were lacking. Really, I was only there to educate them on the suits and keep them aware of the risks and how to mitigate them… Luckily Franklin followed my advice and hired Jonathan, and soon my help wasn’t needed.” -William Afton, November 25th, 1987, Afton Robotics CEO addresses controversy. * Franklin Scott was the CEO of Fazbear Entertainment following Emily’s leave. **Jonathan Sordic was an Afton Robotics specialist hired by Fazbear Entertainment in late February 1983 to train fellow staff on usage of the Endo-01 suits, later promoted to management in 1985.
Afton’s Endo-01 design was officially recalled in March 1983 after Fazbear Entertainment staff member Craig Morgan died of exsanguination while wearing the RXP-001 (“Fredbear”) mascot suit at Fredbear’s Family Diner - witness reports and coroner records detailed that the suit suffered a critical springlock failure when Morgan bumped into a table, tripped, and fell onto the floor - multiple children in the diner witnessed a piece of the endoskeleton spine snap into place, eviscerating Morgan’s back. Staff carried Morgan into the building’s “safe room” (see List of Fazbear Entertainment controversies and allegations for more info) where additional springlocks in the leg, arm, and facial regions suffered critical failure as well, resulting in Morgan’s death.
Both Afton Robotics and Fazbear Entertainment received heavy backlash and controversy for this event. Fredbear’s Family Diner’s popularity dwindled (though it still remained open until August 1983), and Afton Robotics stock suffered dramatically as buyers and entertainment venues began to lose faith in the safety of Afton Robotics brand machines. Afton Robotics began plans to manufacture a Springlock Mascot Suit Endo-02 model shortly after this, and it was successfully released in July 1983, though Fazbear Entertainment is the only known company to purchase these models.
Criminal investigation
On June 26th, 1983, two children were observed at the Freddy Fazbear’s Pizza in Hurricane, Utah to have walked into the building’s Parts and Service room near the end of the day, and did not return; one of these children was unable to be identified, but the other was successfully identified as Fritz Lawrence, a seven year old boy. Fazbear Entertainment officials collaborated with Hurricane law enforcement (leading detective Grant Ross) and found that three more children had been reported missing: Susanne Reynolds, Jeremy Davidson, and Gabriel West. Fritz’s father Jack Lawrence testified that he had noticed one of the mascots, Fredbear, standing inside the Parts and Service room, making strange gestures towards some of the children.
William Afton was arrested in his home the following morning and charged with four counts of first-degree murder; det. Grant Ross noted Afton as one of the only staff at the time not attending a performance being given in the main showroom at the time, as well as his familiarity with the Endo-01 models, which had been decommissioned in preparation for their recall and replacement with the Endo-02 models.
A lengthy court process ensued, lasting roughly a month until July 28th when Afton was acquitted of all charges by jurisdiction, citing lack of evidence - prosecution failed to provide evidence of Afton’s involvement in the disappearance of the 5 missing children, as well as any DNA evidence. Afton Robotics representative Markus Flechman issued a public statement on August 1st:
“These harrowing allegations have shocked the Afton Robotics family to its core. Our fundamental existence as a corporate entity is to enrich the lives of children all around the world - never could we have imagined that William could be accused of such a thing, and we’re glad to finally see the end of this awful process. Our hearts go out to the families of the victims of this terrible crime. We hope you find justice someday.” -Markus Flechman, August 1st, Afton Robotics Public Statement.
Over the course of the next decade, Afton Robotics made several hefty donations (some as high as $500,000; see Afton Robotics page for more info) to various children’s centers, homeless shelters, and mental wellness centers in Utah and its surrounding counties and states.
Circus Baby announcement and cancellation
Soon after his son Cassidy’s death (see Fredbear’s Family Diner page for more info) and the subsequent closing of Fredbear’s Family Diner in August 1983, Afton held another presentation in Salt Lake City to discuss the future of Afton Robotics and its relationship with Fazbear Entertainment.
“[...] While the nature of our relationship may change over the course of the next decade, Afton Robotics will continue to fulfill its manufacturing partnership with Fazbear Entertainment. However, we have some new plans in store, as we’ll be showing you today. [...] I’ve come a long way since ‘79 when I first came here to America. I’ve gained much... I’ve lost even more. Today I am here to show you the future of children’s entertainment - what my son would’ve wanted.” -William Afton, August 31st, 1983, Future of Entertainment Presentation.
This presentation was yet another turning point for Afton Robotics. Members of the press were amazed by the newest creation of Afton's at the time - the Mascot Superior Endo-Z, or as Afton coined it, the Funtime Friend. Unlike Afton's Mascot Endo-X presentation which was remarkably secretive as to the nature of the presented characters, Afton gave names and backstory on the two models that were showcased on August 31st:
CB-423-01-P: Came with several tools installed into the endoskeleton for use in performance. Capable of inflating balloons manually through built-in helium tanks, housed an ice-cream receptacle in its stomach, which could be dispensed through the front; simulated voice capable of playing back thousands of pre-determined words as chosen by the operator during initial setup. Resembled a large female clown; officially named “Circus Baby”.
BA-424-01-P: Highly advanced balance actuators built into the legs, torso and arms. Model was capable of synchronized, determined movement, performing a spin and bow on-stage. Included music box synthesizer allowing the operator to import pre-determined songs. Model was compared heavily to FF-01 and FP-01 models of the Endo-X. Resembled an adult ballerina; officially named “Ballora”.
This presentation made way for the announcement of Afton Robotics' intended landmark location, Circus Baby’s Pizza World. During the presentation, particularly answering one newscaster’s question as to if Circus Baby’s Pizza World was intended to be a competitor to Freddy Fazbear’s Pizza and other children's entertainment venue and restaurants, Afton stressed that the Circus Baby venue was intended to be something else entirely:
"Yes, go ahead. [...] No, actually. Circus Baby's Pizza World is far different from Fazbear Entertainment's venues. For one - and this may be a disappointment for some of you - only one Circus Baby location is planned, here in Salt Lake City. I would advise you and your children not to think of Circus Baby's Pizza World as a restaurant chain - think of it more as… almost like a theme park, in a way. Plenty of activities are planned, far beyond something a normal restaurant could provide - dance lessons from our friend Ballora here, play performances, games like hide and seek with some future models we can't show just yet. Costs for consumers will be higher, but I can assure you, this venture of Afton Robotics is more than just a 'pizza place'." -William Afton, August 31st, 1983, Future of Entertainment Presentation.
Circus Baby’s Pizza World was advertised soon after this presentation with a grand opening release date of September 11th, 1984. Starting in March 1984, two additional characters were advertised alongside Circus Baby and Ballora; “Funtime Freddy” and “Funtime Foxy”, similar models to the Freddy Fazbear and Foxy the Pirate characters. Fazbear Entertainment made no statement as to the similarity between the two Funtime characters and their own.
However, Circus Baby’s Pizza World was shut down days before its expected grand opening. On September 8th 1984, Afton Robotics held a limited “test run”, inviting 10 select families from Salt Lake City and surrounding counties to attend the venue and partake in activities with the four animatronic characters - this event lasted approximately three hours before the building was evacuated by Afton Robotics employees. Witnesses surrounding the property reported that large vans stopped at the location, and various staff packed nearly everything in the building overnight. Afton Robotics later held a meeting with press, where William Afton explained that the grand opening had been cancelled due to reported gas leaks in the building, as well as “results from the test run showed [us] that [we] have a lot to improve before we can introduce Circus Baby and her friends to the world.” On September 10th, Afton's daughter Elizabeth was reported dead by drowning in an apparent freak accident in their family pool; it is unknown if this event contributed to Afton's unwillingness to open Circus Baby's Pizza World.
The cancelling of Circus Baby’s Pizza World remained a controversial topic in select communities for years. Financial records released after Afton Robotics' bankruptcy in 2005 revealed that in 1985 plans for a buyout by Fazbear Entertainment were formulated, but fell through before any substantial progress was made. Numerous conspiracy theories resulted from Circus Baby's Pizza World's closure, including the theory that Fazbear Entertainment blackmailed Afton to force its closure; Markus Flechman commented on theories such as this in a November issue of Afton Robotics newsletter Screws, Bolts, and Hairpins:
"I don't blame them for trying to rationalize it. We're distraught by this development as well. I can't tell you how excited my children were to meet Circus Baby and her friends. That being said, take my word for it: there is no secret reason for the cancellation. No one forced our hand, least of all Fazbear Entertainment. The cancellation of Circus Baby's Pizza World was an unfortunate result of gas leaks and subpar quality of the location and attractions." -Markus Flechman, November 2nd, 1984, Screws, Bolts, and Hairpins Issue #78.
Before and after the cancellation of Circus Baby’s Pizza World, Afton Robotics remained on pleasant terms with Fazbear Entertainment, producing several animatronic models and characters for various locations, including spinoff locations such as the short-lived “Bonnie’s Arcade Bash” based in Destin, Florida, or “Chica’s Party World” based in Branson, Missouri. Fazbear Entertainment’s dwindling stock numbers at the time (partially due to backlash from their handling of Hurricane’s 1983 “missing children incident”) negatively affected Afton Robotics as well - in March 1985 Afton Robotics began development of devices aside from animatronics, including intercom systems, CCTV systems, and home computers.
Endo-X2 recall and fallout with Fazbear Entertainment
William Afton became reclusive after the cancellation of Circus Baby’s Pizza World. He was notably absent from most Afton Robotics press releases, shareholder meetings, and news interviews from 1985-1988, opting instead for representatives to attend public meetings in his place. Little information on Afton’s personal life from 1985-1996 is available - eldest son Michael Afton testified during the investigation of Afton’s disappearance that his father spent most of his time “holed up” inside the New Harmony Afton Robotics facility.
In response to decreasing profits and consumer interest, Fazbear Entertainment announced a “new and improved” Freddy Fazbear’s Pizza based in Hurricane, Utah in September 1986. Coinciding with this was another patent filed by Afton Robotics: the Mascot Endo-X2, a modified version of the Mascot Endo-X model that sported the ability to connect to wireless networks; this was done via a prototype version of Afton Robotics’ AltoNET, a short-lived wireless network product family that would later be edged out by standard Wi-Fi products. These models would later be revealed to be the bases for the “new generation” of Freddy Fazbear’s Pizza’s animatronic characters - A total of five Mascot Endo-X2 models were used in Hurricane’s 1987 Freddy Fazbear’s, being the four core Fazbear characters and a new character named “Balloon Boy”. Endo-X2s were also shortly used in other locations, including Chica’s Party World.
Fazbear Entertainment’s marketing campaign for this location placed substantial focus on Afton Robotics’ involvement with the new animatronic characters, as well as the apparent safety of the new animatronic models. Fazbear Entertainment claimed that the Endo-X2 models used in this location utilized AltoNET and facial recognition software to recognize criminals, namely murderers, abusers, and sex offenders - however, the Endo-X2 models used in Freddy Fazbear’s Pizza were decommissioned before these claims could be verified. On October 24th, 1987, Freddy Fazbear’s Pizza opened in Hurricane, Utah with these new animatronic models, and Afton Robotics gave its regards in an issue of Screws, Bolts, and Hairpins:
“We give our wholehearted congratulations to our friends at Fazbear Entertainment for what looks to be an amazing chapter in the story of childhood fun. Any fans of our unreleased Funtime animatronics will be delighted to see what Freddy Fazbear’s Pizza has in store for the residents of Hurricane - our new Toy line of Fazbear animatronics will surely make any engineering aficionado gasp and cry for more.” -Excerpt from “Mascot Endo-X spotlight”, October 25th, 1987, Screws, Bolts, and Hairpins Issue
Afton Robotics fell under heavy backlash once again after Fazbear Entertainment staff member Jeremy Fitzgerald was gravely injured by a malfunctioning Endo-X2 model animatronic on November 14th 1987 during the venue's final private birthday party. (The location was planned to be shut down later that day; see 1987 Night Guard murders page for more info.) The animatronic in question, FF-02, officially named “Funtime Foxy” (not to be confused with Circus Baby’s Pizza World model FF-426-01-P, also named “Funtime Foxy”) had reportedly lunged at Fitzgerald, pushing him down and biting into his forehead. The following lawsuit (see Fitzgerald Family v. Fazbear Entertainment page for more info) cost Fazbear Entertainment roughly $2,000,000 in settlement charges, and Afton Robotics was forced to recall the Mascot Endo-X2 from all locations.
This financial blow - combined with the recent murder of five teenagers inside Freddy Fazbear’s Pizza earlier that week - crippled Fazbear Entertainment’s reputation within Hurricane and the wider children’s entertainment industry, a setback they would not fully recover from until the late 2010s. Former Fazbear Entertainment insiders interviewed in the 2012 documentary The Death of Innocence testified that this is when tensions began to flare between Fazbear Entertainment and Afton Robotics:
“It was- it was ugly, to say the least. Jonathan - God rest his soul - was heartbroken. Said he’d really liked Jeremy, called him a good friend [...] Upper management was fuming. N-no, not at us... at the manufacturers. I was there for some of the meetings. Franklin Scott practically had smoke coming out his ears. He’d practically scream at the AR representatives, tell them he wants to see their boss, and every time they’d give him the same answer: ‘We’re sorry, but William Afton is not available at the moment.’” -Anonymous former FE staff, 2012 documentary The Death of Innocence. *Note: Jonathan Sordic was a member of management at Freddy Fazbear’s Pizza at the time; employed with Fazbear Entertainment until reported missing in 1993.
By December 1987, Fazbear Entertainment publicly announced that it would be cutting ties with Afton Robotics and manufacture its own animatronics, citing dissatisfaction with the safety protocols of the Afton Robotics brand.
Circus Baby's Entertainment and Rental
After the announcement of a "repurposed" Freddy Fazbear's Pizza location in late January 1988, again in Hurricane, Utah, Afton revealed a "surprise" presentation on February 8th 1988, inviting members of the media and select families in Utah on a tour of their main headquarters in New Harmony, Utah. Afton Robotics heavily advertised this presentation in Screws, Bolts, and Hairpins, claiming that "this presentation [would] be everything a fan of robotics could possibly want, and more".
This tour was held on February 15th 1988 and televised across multiple news stations, both in Utah and across America - Afton Robotics Exclusive Tour and Announcement remained the highest watched news story in Utah in 1988, according to local Utah television networks. This tour served as the announcement for Circus Baby's Entertainment and Rental, a self-proclaimed "rental service and party center" featuring the previously unreleased Funtime Friend animatronics. Circus Baby's Entertainment and Rental was primarily hosted and managed in a newly-excavated basement level under the factory. Afton explained the services of the newly announced venue at the midway point of the tour:
"Behind me you can see the main stage of the Funtime Auditorium. I wanted to show you all this room in particular, because I feel it perfectly encapsulates what Circus Baby's Entertainment and Rental is all about. Rather than force costly ventures on our consumers, we have decided: why not bring Circus Baby and her friends to you? These state-of-the-art Funtime models, revamped and improved for the age of tomorrow, can be rented out for whatever events you choose. Birthday parties, weddings, graduation ceremonies... we can even host your events right here in the Funtime Auditorium, or next door’s Ballora Gallery. We weren’t quite ready to introduce these animatronics nearly four years ago - but right now they’re ready to sing, dance, teach, and act for your children. Are there any questions? Yes, you. [...] Yes, you’ve heard me correctly. Circus Baby’s Entertainment and Rental is open right now, or to be more precise, starting midnight tonight. Be ready to get out those checkbooks, friends - you’ll need them." -William Afton, February 15th 1988, Afton Robotics Exclusive Tour and Announcement.
Afton Robotics profits rose exponentially after this presentation and throughout 1988. After Circus Baby's Entertainment and Rental's official opening on February 16th, the Mascot Superior Endo-Z models hosted by the venue were purportedly rented out over 3000 times between 1988-1991 (accounting for individual rentals).
Circus Baby’s Entertainment and Rental briefly became the subject of an OSHA investigation after Afton Robotics employee Brendon Wu purportedly suffocated inside one of the ventilation chambers inside the facility - the investigation began late November 1999, but ultimately went nowhere as the venue permanently shut down before the investigation could be finalized.
Circus Baby's Entertainment and Rental would remain open until October 2nd 1999, when executive director Bradley Cox reported that nearly every Mascot Superior Endo-Z model on the premises had disappeared overnight, along with junior technicians Jim Bristol and Alex Barnes. Multiple suspects were questioned, including William Afton's eldest son Michael, who had recently been hired as a junior technician and finished his first work week the night before Cox reported the technicians and machinery missing. Investigations reached a dead end and no one was charged. Bristol and Barnes were declared dead later that month on the 29th, and no trace of the Endo-Z models were found until more than two decades later - after the suspected arson attack on Freddy Fazbear's Deluxe Pizzeria on March 7th 2024 (see Freddy Fazbear’s Deluxe Pizzeria fire page for more info) various animatronic parts were found in the aftermath that matched Afton Robotics blueprints for CB-423-01-P ("Circus Baby"). Fazbear Entertainment gave no statement on this development.
Disappearance
On August 3rd 1996, William Afton was declared missing by Afton Robotics representative Devon Leighton, who had arrived at Afton's home - Leighton testified that Afton had not shown up at the Afton Robotics headquarters in New Harmony for a week. Investigators initially surmised that Afton could have fled the state for an unknown reason, but this hypothesis was never verified. Multiple individuals were contacted and interviewed to ascertain a lead as to Afton’s whereabouts, including Franklin Scott, Henry Emily, and Michael Afton. Michael Afton was initially considered as a prime suspect for William’s disappearance, but interviews with Michael and other individuals close to William Afton yielded no leads or results.
On September 15th 1999, Afton was declared dead and the investigation into his disappearance was closed. Afton Robotics suffered heavily after Afton disappeared; In January 1997 Benjamin Ashford replaced Afton as CEO of Afton Robotics. After Circus Baby’s Entertainment and Rental’s closure in October 1999, Afton Robotics stock and profit took a substantial hit. By the early 2000s, Afton Robotics’ grip over the animatronic industry was far lessened as companies like Smiles and Servos began to thrive. By 2005, Afton Robotics filed for bankruptcy; its facilities in Fort Worth, TX, Winona, MN, and New Harmony, UT were all rendered condemned until Fazbear Entertainment acquired all Afton Robotics assets in 2021.
Legacy
Afton’s legacy remained apparent in the robotics field and wider children’s entertainment industry for years. In New Harmony, UT, a memorial for Afton was built in 2002 - a plaque adorned with the following quote:
“There is nothing more beautiful than the laugh of a child.” -William Afton Memorial Plaque, New Harmony, Utah, observed in 2003.
Afton’s inventions and models built under Afton Robotics, while obsolete as of 2006, featured design philosophies and architectures still adopted today by robotics companies and manufacturers. After Fazbear Entertainment’s absorption of all Afton Robotics assets in 2021 and their subsequent rise in popularity in 2025, their website (fazbearentertainment.org) was updated to include a section dedicated to William Afton’s contributions to the children’s entertainment industry and “how his designs have influenced the upcoming Freddy Fazbear Virtual Experience.”
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2020.08.11 12:22 Best_Business_3192 FORZA HORIZON 4 Ultimate Edition INCL DLCS Compressed

Forza Horizon 4 Download:

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Forza Horizon 4 Download System Requirements:


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Download: https://gamesandrepacks.blogspot.com/2020/08/forza-horizon-4-ultimate-edition-incl.html
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2020.08.05 23:14 iamthemagician facebook live streaming

I'm new to OBS and I've been trying to figure out how to stream with it on facebook live. I tried changing some settings (output video bitrate 4000 kbps, 128 audio; video base resolution 1280x720) and even have a wired internet connection, but facebook keeps saying "live video interrupted" after many periods of buffering. This is in the preview before I even attempt to go live, although the problem persists when I do go live as well.
ETA: this is my log file from today:
14:55:04.939: CoInitializeEx succeeded: 0x00000001 14:55:04.939: CPU Name: Intel(R) Core(TM)2 Duo CPU T6570 @ 2.10GHz 14:55:04.939: CPU Speed: 2095MHz 14:55:04.939: Physical Cores: 2, Logical Cores: 2 14:55:04.939: Physical Memory: 3932MB Total, 1679MB Free 14:55:04.939: Windows Version: 10.0 Build 18362 (release: 1903; revision: 959; 64-bit) 14:55:04.940: Running as administrator: false 14:55:04.940: Aero is Enabled (Aero is always on for windows 8 and above) 14:55:04.941: Windows 10 Gaming Features: 14:55:04.941: Game DVR: On 14:55:04.981: Sec. Software Status: 14:55:04.989: Windows Defender Antivirus: disabled (AV) 14:55:04.989: Avast Antivirus: enabled (AV) 14:55:04.989: Windows Firewall: enabled (FW) 14:55:04.990: Current Date/Time: 2020-08-05, 14:55:04 14:55:04.990: Browser Hardware Acceleration: true 14:55:04.990: Portable mode: false 14:55:12.103: OBS 25.0.8 (64-bit, windows) 14:55:12.103: --------------------------------- 14:55:12.113: --------------------------------- 14:55:12.113: audio settings reset: 14:55:12.113: samples per sec: 44100 14:55:12.113: speakers: 2 14:55:12.142: --------------------------------- 14:55:12.142: Initializing D3D11... 14:55:12.142: Available Video Adapters: 14:55:12.150: Adapter 0: Mobile Intel(R) 4 Series Express Chipset Family (Microsoft Corporation - WDDM 1.1) 14:55:12.150: Dedicated VRAM: 134217728 14:55:12.150: Shared VRAM: 1711271936 14:55:12.150: PCI ID: 8086:2a42 14:55:12.152: Driver Version: 8.15.10.2702 14:55:12.152: output 0: pos={0, 0}, size={1366, 768}, attached=true, refresh=50, name= 14:55:12.160: Loading up D3D11 on adapter Mobile Intel(R) 4 Series Express Chipset Family (Microsoft Corporation - WDDM 1.1) (0) 14:55:12.179: D3D11 loaded successfully, feature level used: a000 14:55:12.179: DXGI increase maximum frame latency success 14:55:14.356: --------------------------------- 14:55:14.356: video settings reset: 14:55:14.356: base resolution: 1366x768 14:55:14.356: output resolution: 1092x614 14:55:14.356: downscale filter: Bicubic 14:55:14.356: fps: 30/1 14:55:14.356: format: NV12 14:55:14.356: YUV mode: 601/Partial 14:55:14.356: NV12 texture support not available 14:55:14.357: Audio monitoring device: 14:55:14.357: name: Default 14:55:14.357: id: default 14:55:14.357: --------------------------------- 14:55:14.465: [CoreAudio encoder]: CoreAudio AAC encoder not installed on the system or couldn't be loaded 14:55:14.501: Failed to load 'en-US' text for module: 'decklink-ouput-ui.dll' 14:55:14.726: [AMF] Unable to load 'amfrt64.dll', error code 126. 14:55:14.773: [AMF] AMF Test failed due to one or more errors. 14:55:14.773: Failed to initialize module 'enc-amf.dll' 14:55:15.354: [obs-browser]: Version 2.8.6 14:55:15.897: Couldn't find VLC installation, VLC video source disabled 14:55:16.075: A DeckLink iterator could not be created. The DeckLink drivers may not be installed 14:55:16.083: No blackmagic support 14:55:16.194: --------------------------------- 14:55:16.194: Loaded Modules: 14:55:16.194: win-wasapi.dll 14:55:16.194: win-mf.dll 14:55:16.194: win-dshow.dll 14:55:16.194: win-decklink.dll 14:55:16.194: win-capture.dll 14:55:16.194: vlc-video.dll 14:55:16.194: text-freetype2.dll 14:55:16.194: rtmp-services.dll 14:55:16.194: obs-x264.dll 14:55:16.194: obs-vst.dll 14:55:16.194: obs-transitions.dll 14:55:16.194: obs-text.dll 14:55:16.194: obs-qsv11.dll 14:55:16.194: obs-outputs.dll 14:55:16.194: obs-filters.dll 14:55:16.194: obs-ffmpeg.dll 14:55:16.194: obs-browser.dll 14:55:16.194: image-source.dll 14:55:16.194: frontend-tools.dll 14:55:16.194: enc-amf.dll 14:55:16.194: decklink-ouput-ui.dll 14:55:16.194: coreaudio-encoder.dll 14:55:16.195: --------------------------------- 14:55:16.195: ==== Startup complete =============================================== 14:55:16.323: All scene data cleared 14:55:16.324: ------------------------------------------------ 14:55:16.489: WASAPI: Device 'Speakers (Realtek High Definition Audio)' [48000 Hz] initialized 14:55:16.489: [Loaded global audio device]: 'Desktop Audio' 14:55:16.519: adding 23 milliseconds of audio buffering, total audio buffering is now 23 milliseconds (source: Desktop Audio) 14:55:16.519: 14:55:16.586: [rtmp-services plugin] Successfully updated file 'services.json' (version 145) 14:55:16.590: [rtmp-services plugin] Successfully updated package (version 145) 14:55:16.690: WASAPI: Device 'Microphone (Realtek High Definition Audio)' [44100 Hz] initialized 14:55:16.690: [Loaded global audio device]: 'Mic/Aux' 14:55:16.706: adding 23 milliseconds of audio buffering, total audio buffering is now 46 milliseconds (source: Mic/Aux) 14:55:16.706: 14:55:17.897: Switched to scene 'Scene' 14:55:17.897: ------------------------------------------------ 14:55:17.897: Loaded scenes: 14:55:17.897: - scene 'Scene': 14:55:17.897: - source: 'Display Capture' (monitor_capture) 14:55:17.897: - source: 'webcam' (dshow_input) 14:55:17.897: - source: 'Game Capture' (game_capture) 14:55:17.898: ------------------------------------------------ 14:55:19.361: webcam: data.GetDevice failed 14:55:19.361: webcam: Video configuration failed 14:56:41.093: User Removed source 'webcam' (dshow_input) from scene 'Scene' 14:56:56.938: User added source 'webcam' (dshow_input) to scene 'Scene' 14:56:56.970: webcam: DecodeDeviceId failed 14:56:56.970: webcam: Video configuration failed 14:56:57.695: --------------------------------- 14:56:57.695: [DShow Device: 'webcam'] settings updated: 14:56:57.695: video device: Integrated Camera 14:56:57.695: video path: \\?\usb#vid_17ef&pid_4811&mi_00#6&377b81cd&0&0000#{65e8773d-8f56-11d0-a3b9-00a0c9223196}\global 14:56:57.695: resolution: 640x480 14:56:57.695: flip: 0 14:56:57.695: fps: 30.00 (interval: 333333) 14:56:57.695: format: YUY2 14:57:01.695: --------------------------------- 14:57:01.695: [DShow Device: 'webcam'] settings updated: 14:57:01.695: video device: NexiGo HD Webcam 14:57:01.695: video path: \\?\usb#vid_0c45&pid_6367&mi_00#6&2bd3af6b&0&0000#{65e8773d-8f56-11d0-a3b9-00a0c9223196}\global 14:57:01.695: resolution: 640x480 14:57:01.695: flip: 0 14:57:01.695: fps: 60.00 (interval: 166666) 14:57:01.695: format: MJPEG 14:57:42.548: adding 92 milliseconds of audio buffering, total audio buffering is now 139 milliseconds (source: Desktop Audio) 14:57:42.548: 14:57:51.333: adding 23 milliseconds of audio buffering, total audio buffering is now 162 milliseconds (source: Desktop Audio) 14:57:51.333: 14:58:10.663: adding 116 milliseconds of audio buffering, total audio buffering is now 278 milliseconds (source: Desktop Audio) 14:58:10.663: 15:04:24.964: --------------------------------- 15:04:24.964: [x264 encoder: 'simple_h264_stream'] preset: veryfast 15:04:24.972: [x264 encoder: 'simple_h264_stream'] settings: 15:04:24.972: rate_control: CBR 15:04:24.972: bitrate: 2500 15:04:24.972: buffer size: 2500 15:04:24.972: crf: 0 15:04:24.972: fps_num: 30 15:04:24.972: fps_den: 1 15:04:24.972: width: 1092 15:04:24.972: height: 614 15:04:24.972: keyint: 60 15:04:24.972: 15:04:25.039: --------------------------------- 15:04:25.040: [FFmpeg aac encoder: 'simple_aac'] bitrate: 128, channels: 2, channel_layout: 3 15:04:25.040: 15:04:25.190: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Connecting to RTMP URL rtmps://rtmp-api.facebook.com:443/rtmp/... 15:04:25.305: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Interface: Intel(R) Centrino(R) Advanced-N 6250 AGN (802.11, 180 mbps) 15:04:25.818: RTMPSockBuf_Fill, recv returned -30848. GetSockError(): 0 (The operation completed successfully.) 15:04:25.832: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Connection to rtmps://rtmp-api.facebook.com:443/rtmp/ failed: -3 15:04:25.841: ==== Streaming Stop ================================================ 15:07:49.929: Settings changed (stream 1, outputs) 15:07:49.929: ------------------------------------------------ 15:07:52.202: --------------------------------- 15:07:52.202: [x264 encoder: 'simple_h264_stream'] preset: veryfast 15:07:52.202: [x264 encoder: 'simple_h264_stream'] settings: 15:07:52.202: rate_control: CBR 15:07:52.202: bitrate: 2500 15:07:52.202: buffer size: 2500 15:07:52.202: crf: 0 15:07:52.202: fps_num: 30 15:07:52.202: fps_den: 1 15:07:52.202: width: 1092 15:07:52.202: height: 614 15:07:52.202: keyint: 60 15:07:52.202: 15:07:52.214: --------------------------------- 15:07:52.214: [FFmpeg aac encoder: 'simple_aac'] bitrate: 128, channels: 2, channel_layout: 3 15:07:52.214: 15:07:52.217: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Connecting to RTMP URL rtmps://rtmp-api.facebook.com:443/rtmp/... 15:07:52.250: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Interface: Intel(R) Centrino(R) Advanced-N 6250 AGN (802.11, 216 mbps) 15:07:52.657: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Connection to rtmps://rtmp-api.facebook.com:443/rtmp/ successful 15:07:52.667: ==== Streaming Start =============================================== 15:17:09.362: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Stream shutdown timeout reached (30 second(s)) 15:17:09.362: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] User stopped the stream 15:17:09.363: Output 'simple_stream': stopping 15:17:09.363: Output 'simple_stream': Total frames output: 11516 15:17:09.363: Output 'simple_stream': Total drawn frames: 11086 (16712 attempted) 15:17:09.363: Output 'simple_stream': Number of lagged frames due to rendering lag/stalls: 5626 (33.7%) 15:17:09.372: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Freeing 1 remaining packets 15:17:09.377: ==== Streaming Stop ================================================ 15:17:17.673: Video stopped, number of skipped frames due to encoding lag: 11530/11636 (99.1%) 15:17:17.805: warning: 2 frames left in the queue on closing 15:43:26.541: Settings changed (outputs) 15:43:26.541: ------------------------------------------------ 15:43:38.216: User Removed source 'webcam' (dshow_input) from scene 'Scene' 15:43:46.247: User Removed source 'Game Capture' (game_capture) from scene 'Scene' 15:43:49.176: User Removed source 'Display Capture' (monitor_capture) from scene 'Scene' 15:46:12.896: adding 69 milliseconds of audio buffering, total audio buffering is now 348 milliseconds (source: Desktop Audio) 15:46:12.896: 15:46:21.121: adding 116 milliseconds of audio buffering, total audio buffering is now 464 milliseconds (source: Desktop Audio) 15:46:21.121: 15:46:52.331: adding 23 milliseconds of audio buffering, total audio buffering is now 487 milliseconds (source: Desktop Audio) 15:46:52.331: 15:46:57.186: Max audio buffering reached! 15:46:57.186: adding 557 milliseconds of audio buffering, total audio buffering is now 1044 milliseconds (source: Desktop Audio) 15:46:57.186: 15:55:30.330: --------------------------------- 15:55:30.330: video settings reset: 15:55:30.330: base resolution: 1280x720 15:55:30.330: output resolution: 1280x720 15:55:30.330: downscale filter: Bicubic 15:55:30.330: fps: 30/1 15:55:30.330: format: NV12 15:55:30.330: YUV mode: 601/Partial 15:55:30.330: NV12 texture support not available 15:55:30.348: Settings changed (stream 1, outputs, video) 15:55:30.348: ------------------------------------------------ 15:55:48.475: User added source 'Display Capture' (monitor_capture) to scene 'Scene' 15:56:05.382: User added source 'Video Capture Device' (dshow_input) to scene 'Scene' 15:56:05.433: Video Capture Device: DecodeDeviceId failed 15:56:05.434: Video Capture Device: Video configuration failed 15:56:05.770: --------------------------------- 15:56:05.772: [DShow Device: 'Video Capture Device'] settings updated: 15:56:05.772: video device: Integrated Camera 15:56:05.772: video path: \\?\usb#vid_17ef&pid_4811&mi_00#6&377b81cd&0&0000#{65e8773d-8f56-11d0-a3b9-00a0c9223196}\global 15:56:05.772: resolution: 640x480 15:56:05.772: flip: 0 15:56:05.772: fps: 30.00 (interval: 333333) 15:56:05.772: format: YUY2 15:56:09.658: --------------------------------- 15:56:09.658: [DShow Device: 'Video Capture Device'] settings updated: 15:56:09.658: video device: NexiGo HD Webcam 15:56:09.658: video path: \\?\usb#vid_0c45&pid_6367&mi_00#6&2bd3af6b&0&0000#{65e8773d-8f56-11d0-a3b9-00a0c9223196}\global 15:56:09.658: resolution: 640x480 15:56:09.658: flip: 0 15:56:09.658: fps: 60.00 (interval: 166666) 15:56:09.658: format: MJPEG 15:56:14.843: --------------------------------- 15:56:14.843: [DShow Device: 'Video Capture Device'] settings updated: 15:56:14.843: video device: NexiGo HD Webcam 15:56:14.843: video path: \\?\usb#vid_0c45&pid_6367&mi_00#6&2bd3af6b&0&0000#{65e8773d-8f56-11d0-a3b9-00a0c9223196}\global 15:56:14.843: resolution: 640x480 15:56:14.843: flip: 0 15:56:14.843: fps: 60.00 (interval: 166666) 15:56:14.843: format: MJPEG 15:56:16.159: --------------------------------- 15:56:16.159: [DShow Device: 'Video Capture Device'] settings updated: 15:56:16.159: video device: NexiGo HD Webcam 15:56:16.159: video path: \\?\usb#vid_0c45&pid_6367&mi_00#6&2bd3af6b&0&0000#{65e8773d-8f56-11d0-a3b9-00a0c9223196}\global 15:56:16.159: resolution: 640x480 15:56:16.159: flip: 0 15:56:16.159: fps: 60.00 (interval: 166666) 15:56:16.159: format: MJPEG 15:56:40.960: --------------------------------- 15:56:40.960: [x264 encoder: 'simple_h264_stream'] preset: veryfast 15:56:40.960: [x264 encoder: 'simple_h264_stream'] settings: 15:56:40.960: rate_control: CBR 15:56:40.960: bitrate: 4000 15:56:40.960: buffer size: 4000 15:56:40.960: crf: 0 15:56:40.960: fps_num: 30 15:56:40.960: fps_den: 1 15:56:40.960: width: 1280 15:56:40.960: height: 720 15:56:40.960: keyint: 60 15:56:40.960: 15:56:40.968: --------------------------------- 15:56:40.972: [FFmpeg aac encoder: 'simple_aac'] bitrate: 128, channels: 2, channel_layout: 3 15:56:40.972: 15:56:40.976: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Connecting to RTMP URL rtmps://rtmp-api.facebook.com:443/rtmp/... 15:56:41.006: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Interface: Intel(R) Centrino(R) Advanced-N 6250 AGN (802.11, 162 mbps) 15:56:41.420: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Connection to rtmps://rtmp-api.facebook.com:443/rtmp/ successful 15:56:41.434: ==== Streaming Start =============================================== 16:02:12.389: WriteN, RTMP send error 10053 (393 bytes) 16:02:12.389: WriteN, RTMP send error 10053 (109 bytes) 16:02:12.390: WriteN, RTMP send error 10038 (42 bytes) 16:02:12.390: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Disconnected from rtmps://rtmp-api.facebook.com:443/rtmp/ 16:02:12.390: Output 'simple_stream': stopping 16:02:12.390: Output 'simple_stream': Total frames output: 1867 16:02:12.390: Output 'simple_stream': Total drawn frames: 6295 (10576 attempted) 16:02:12.390: Output 'simple_stream': Number of lagged frames due to rendering lag/stalls: 4281 (40.5%) 16:02:12.390: Output 'simple_stream': Reconnecting in 10 seconds.. 16:02:13.340: ==== Streaming Stop ================================================ 16:02:14.041: Video stopped, number of skipped frames due to encoding lag: 1859/1917 (97.0%) 16:02:14.232: warning: 2 frames left in the queue on closing 16:02:37.975: --------------------------------- 16:02:37.975: [x264 encoder: 'simple_h264_stream'] preset: veryfast 16:02:37.975: [x264 encoder: 'simple_h264_stream'] settings: 16:02:37.975: rate_control: CBR 16:02:37.975: bitrate: 4000 16:02:37.975: buffer size: 4000 16:02:37.975: crf: 0 16:02:37.975: fps_num: 30 16:02:37.975: fps_den: 1 16:02:37.975: width: 1280 16:02:37.975: height: 720 16:02:37.975: keyint: 60 16:02:37.975: 16:02:37.980: --------------------------------- 16:02:37.981: [FFmpeg aac encoder: 'simple_aac'] bitrate: 128, channels: 2, channel_layout: 3 16:02:37.981: 16:02:37.986: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Connecting to RTMP URL rtmps://rtmp-api.facebook.com:443/rtmp/... 16:02:38.019: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Interface: Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller (ethernet, 100 mbps) 16:02:38.367: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Connection to rtmps://rtmp-api.facebook.com:443/rtmp/ successful 16:02:38.384: ==== Streaming Start =============================================== 16:08:44.527: WriteN, RTMP send error 10053 (56 bytes) 16:08:44.527: WriteN, RTMP send error 10053 (109 bytes) 16:08:44.528: WriteN, RTMP send error 10038 (42 bytes) 16:08:44.528: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Disconnected from rtmps://rtmp-api.facebook.com:443/rtmp/ 16:08:44.528: Output 'simple_stream': stopping 16:08:44.528: Output 'simple_stream': Total frames output: 1859 16:08:44.528: Output 'simple_stream': Total drawn frames: 9461 (10995 attempted) 16:08:44.528: Output 'simple_stream': Number of lagged frames due to rendering lag/stalls: 1534 (14.0%) 16:08:44.528: Output 'simple_stream': Reconnecting in 10 seconds.. 16:08:53.587: Video stopped, number of skipped frames due to encoding lag: 1967/2016 (97.6%) 16:08:53.680: warning: 2 frames left in the queue on closing 16:08:54.545: --------------------------------- 16:08:54.546: [x264 encoder: 'simple_h264_stream'] preset: veryfast 16:08:54.546: [x264 encoder: 'simple_h264_stream'] settings: 16:08:54.546: rate_control: CBR 16:08:54.546: bitrate: 4000 16:08:54.546: buffer size: 4000 16:08:54.546: crf: 0 16:08:54.546: fps_num: 30 16:08:54.546: fps_den: 1 16:08:54.546: width: 1280 16:08:54.546: height: 720 16:08:54.546: keyint: 60 16:08:54.546: 16:08:54.552: --------------------------------- 16:08:54.553: [FFmpeg aac encoder: 'simple_aac'] bitrate: 128, channels: 2, channel_layout: 3 16:08:54.553: 16:08:54.558: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Connecting to RTMP URL rtmps://rtmp-api.facebook.com:443/rtmp/... 16:08:54.583: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Interface: Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller (ethernet, 100 mbps) 16:08:54.944: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Connection to rtmps://rtmp-api.facebook.com:443/rtmp/ successful 16:12:14.733: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] Stream shutdown timeout reached (30 second(s)) 16:12:14.733: [rtmp stream: 'simple_stream'] User stopped the stream 16:12:14.734: Output 'simple_stream': stopping 16:12:14.734: Output 'simple_stream': Total frames output: 1999 16:12:14.734: Output 'simple_stream': Total drawn frames: 4911 (6003 attempted) 16:12:14.734: Output 'simple_stream': Number of lagged frames due to rendering lag/stalls: 1092 (18.2%) 16:12:14.745: Video stopped, number of skipped frames due to encoding lag: 1959/2018 (97.1%) 16:12:14.761: ==== Streaming Stop ================================================ 16:12:14.864: warning: 2 frames left in the queue on closing
submitted by iamthemagician to obs [link] [comments]


2020.08.03 17:50 Rip_Responsible [OC]“El Creekio” - England’s answer to Spain’s “El Clásico”.

The town of Fareham is definitely not known as a football town despite organised football being a part of the town since the 1880s. The town rests on the north-west tip of Portsmouth Harbour on the south-coast of England, between the two heavyweight rivals of Portsmouth and Southampton. However, only known to a few, there exists a hotly contested rivalry between Fareham’s two ‘major’ clubs: Fareham Town Football Club and A.F.C. Portchester. The clubs sit a mere 3.8 miles away from each other and the matches are not only contested for points in the Wessex League Premier Division (9th tier overall within the English football league system), but at stake is also “ownership” of the creek that runs through the town. Interestingly, Fareham has documented history that dates back to the Norman era (11th Century) when a part of William the Conqueror's army landed at Fareham Creek during their invasion of England; before making their way toward the Saxon capital of Winchester.
Fareham Town F.C. is the older of the two clubs, founded in 1947 after three local teams (Fareham F.C., Fareham Brotherhood F.C., Fareham Youth Centre F.C.) decided to form a singular football club for the town. Their nicknames consist of “The Reds”, “The Creeksiders”, and simply “Town”. The club’s most successful period came at the turn of the 1960s when they won six Hampshire League Division One titles (1959–60, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1965–66, 1966–67). The club also won this title a further two times in the 1970s, as well as four Hampshire senior cups over the course of their history (1956–57, 1962–63, 1967–68, 1992–93). The Reds’ highest ever finish was eighth place in the Southern League Premier Division (1982–83), which at the time was only one tier below what we know as the National League today. Perhaps their most magical achievement, however, has been making the FA Cup First Round on four occasions with having to win four qualifying games (1979–80, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1988–89). Fareham had the privilege of playing the likes of Merthyr Town Football Club, Maidstone United, A.F.C. Bournemouth, and perhaps the most famous opponents at the time, English Football League side, Torquay United. Sadly, they failed to progress to the FA Cup second round at all four times of asking despite earning a famous 2-2 draw away to Torquay United as they fell to a 3-2 loss at home to The Gulls.
The 21st Century has not been so kind to Fareham Town as their only notable achievements have been a third round in the FA Vase (2003–04, 2004–05) and runners-up in the Hampshire senior cup (2003–04). Some notable players to have appeared for Fareham Town include Steve Claridge, Dave Leworthy, and Mark Chamberlain (father to Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain).
Being situated between the two major cities of Portsmouth and Southampton and competing in the ninth tier of English football means that die-hard Fareham Town fans are hard to come by. The only data I could find on Fareham’s average home attendance was from the 2016–17 season where they averaged 87 people, the eighth highest attendance out of the twenty-four clubs in the league that season. Despite the attendance numbers, the Red’s play their home games at Cams Alders Stadium that has a total capacity of 5,500; this is largely due to a result of the club being a solid Southern League club for a number of years.
Fareham Town was the club in Fareham. They had it all, the history, the league titles, the local cup triumphs, and even appearances in the FA Cup First Round proper. However, in 1971, a newly formed football club began training at Bath Lane in Fareham. A.F.C. Portchester began life as Loyds Sports and entered the City of Portsmouth Sunday League Division 6. Their name was changed in 1974 due to sponsorship reasons to Colourvision Rangers and later becoming Wicor Mill in the 1980s. As far as pub sides were concerned, Wicor Mill was one of the best and largest as they used to run three teams on a Saturday and four on a Sunday. Wicor Mill had ambitions for more and after endless applications they were accepted into the Hampshire League Division Three for the 1998–99 season. Wicor Mill took the league by storm, gaining successive promotions to the Hampshire League Division One, even becoming champions in 2001–02, sadly they were denied promotion to the Wessex League (Tenth tier of English football) due to a lack of floodlights in their stadium.
The wheels really began to turn in the 2002–03 season when Wicor Mill merged with another Portchester club – “Castle Royals” – forming the A.F.C. Portchester we know today. Furthermore, 2004 saw A.F.C. Portchester became founding members of the new Wessex League Division Three after the old Hampshire League merged into it. The Royals as they are currently nicknamed gained promotion to the Wessex League Division One in 2006–07. It would take a further five years for A.F.C. Portchester to gain promotion to the Wessex League Premier Division where they would meet their local rivals Fareham Town for the first time in their history. Their first meetings in the league went Fareham Town’s way with a 3-1 win at Cams Alders and a 5-2 drubbing away at Portchester. Although, in more recent years A.F.C. Portchester have been getting the better of Fareham Town and have finished above them in the league for the past five seasons.
A.F.C. Portchester’s most notable achievement is winning the Wessex League League Cup (2014–15). They also produced Reading football club’s midfielder Andy Rinomhota, who played thirty senior games for The Royals before being recommended to Reading FC’s scouts by then manager Graham Rix. Rinomhota now plays regularly for Reading football club in England’s second tier, a million miles away from the ninth tier where he began his career.
Now that Fareham Town and A.F.C. Portchester were in the same league the rivalry could really heat up as they played each other numerous times in the league and also in the local cup competitions. The term “El Creekio” is a clear play on “El Clásico” – the famous derby between Barcelona and Real Madrid – however, its creator has been lost to history. The local journalists and news outlets began to dub the meetings between Fareham Town and A.F.C. Portchester as “El Creekio”. The creek part of it refers to Fareham creek that runs through the town of Fareham and seems to be up for grabs each time the clubs play; swapping “ownership” each time one of the clubs defeats the other. To the local fans this seems much bigger than the traditional South-Coast derby between Portsmouth and Southampton and in their eyes Fareham Town and A.F.C. Portchester are the top two teams on the South Coast. Fareham Town even have the audacity to claim they are “The No 1 Football Club in South Hampshire”
However, despite all the rivalry, the banter between the two sets of fans, and the fights over who owns the creek, the two clubs are always there for each other in times of hardship.
submitted by Rip_Responsible to soccer [link] [comments]


2020.08.03 08:34 ReadWriteTheorize The (Unofficial) Timeline of Dead by Daylight

(Feel free to comment on any inconsistencies/errors/dates I missed).
1895-539 BCE: Ancient Babylon (The Birth, Rise, and Death of Adiris)
1185-1600: Feudal Japan (The Birth, Rise, Fall, and Death of Kazan Yamaoka)
1857: The Crotus Prenn Asylum is established.
1860: Caleb Quinn is sentenced to 15-years in Hellshire Pennitentiary for the attempted murder and assault of Henry Bayshore. It is unknown how much of his sentence he served before striking a deal with the Warden. The exact date of the "Mad Mick Massacre" is unknown.
1876: The date of Gold Creek Whiskey's advertisement, a bottle of which serves as an add-on for the Deathslinger.
1896: Many of Benedict Baker's entries are dated November 1896, despite him being from the 1950s, indicating the warped nature of time in the Realms of the Entity. The entries include his notes on the Bloodweb, the Entity, the Terror Radius, Killers, Evan MacMillan, Philip Ojomo, and Max Thompson Jr (the latter two of whom were certainly not from 1896).
1897: February and June, Benedict Baker makes notes referencing the Bloodweb, such as opening the second perk slot and unlocking teachable perks.
28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918: World War I (the Great War) occurs and Anna hunts the soldiers that pass through the Red Forest, taking a doll from them for one of her kidnapped/adopted daughters.
1910s: September, The Massacre the Crotus Prenn Asylum and the Death of the Nurse
Exact dates for the MacMillan Estate Mine Explosion are unknown but may be anywhere from late 1800s (1896 if Benedict Baker's journal is correct) to early/mid 20th century (Nurse is said to be older than Trapper and she is approximately 40 in the late 1910s).
1932: The Birth of Kenneth Chase. His mother does not survive the birth.
1954: Kenneth Chase leaves home after seeing his father exit the crawlspace with his cigar box of trophies in-hand. He changes his identity to Jeffrey Hawk and joins a traveling circus.
1956: Sometime in SeptembeSummer, Benedict Baker begins his investigation of a blight of missing people in the town of Weeks, outside of Seattle, Washington.
1964-April 1975: Sometime during U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War (in the Left 4 Dead universe’s timeline), Bill Overbeck serves two tours, during which his knee is injured by shrapnel.
1967: Lery's Memorial Institute becomes a front for the C.I.A.'s Project MK Ultra. Sometime between now and 1983, Dr. Herman Carter will be brought in to run the Treatment Theater.
1970: Lery's Memorial Institute becomes a C.I.A. black site.
1972: The 'Horrific Events' of 1972 (presumably Max Thompson Jr.'s escape) cause the Thompson House to be abandoned, fall into disrepair, and ruined. (There are inconsistencies in the dates as to when exactly Max Thompson Jr. (The Hillbilly) broke out. Early concept summaries had the farm stop production in 1946 (but also mistakenly name the Farm's owners as Mr. and Mrs. Adams), but the individual Map summaries place his escape at 1972. The latter seems more correct given his use of a chainsaw and his character being inspired by The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, which took place in the 1970s.)
1974: Bubba Sawyer (The Cannibal) is taken by the Entity after failing to capture/kill Sally Hardesty.
1978: Michael Myers (The Shape) and Laurie Strode (Cynthia Myers) are pulled into the Realm of the Entity some time after their family reunion on Halloween 1978.
1979-1984: Philip Ojomo begins and ends his time working at Autohaven Wreckers sometime between those years (this is based on the designs of Illinois and Virginia license plates that formerly acted as map offerings).
1970s: The hair and clothing in the cutscene for Lisa Sherwood's Tome "Stroke of Luck" indicates that she lived in the 70s.
1983: Cheryl Heather Mason is born on July 17th. Lery's Memorial Institute is condemned.
1985: Nancy Wheeler, Steve Harrington, and the Demogorgon are taken by the Entity some time after the events of 4th of July.
1996: February 19th (Chinese New Year) Susie of the Legion stabs a man outside of a store for his wallet to impress Frank. The Damaged Photo (Ormond Map Offering) was dated August 28th of 1996. It is assumed that the Legion disappeared at some point during this year (most likely during the winter). Takamatsu University (the university Rin attends) is established.
2003: The Great Storm brings down the Silo at Torment Creek (Coldwind Farm), revealing 12 previously undiscovered bodies (victims of Max Thompson Jr.).
2004-6: The Jigsaw games end in the deaths of John Kramer and Amanda Young. (Exact dates are difficult to track due to the fluid nature of the Saw franchise's timeline, but mid-2000s is generally accepted: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Bx--Rx8bdY&list=PLDRlp_XV8wtr0mpty1w0bcs731VjYYzQo&index=28)
2006-2009: At some point in the Left 4 Dead universe timeline, Bill Overbeck sacrifices himself to ensure his friends’ survival. After his death, he awakens in the Realm of the Entity.
2008: Quentin Smith and Freddy Krueger are taken by the Entity some time after Nancy Holbrook's mother is murdered by Krueger. (While the remake came out in 2010, the dates given in-universe mean that the movie is set in 2008 at the latest.)
It is generally assumed that the non-licensed survivors are from modern times and were taken in the order they arrived (2016-2020).
submitted by ReadWriteTheorize to deadbydaylight [link] [comments]


2020.07.14 16:17 moeshaker188 The Cincinnati Bengals: A Legacy of Failure

Our lord and master Tree already discussed their horrific loss to the Steelers in the 2015-16 Wild Card game, but I figured I could go further into their bungling misdeeds.
1967: As part of an agreement with the AFL, the Cincinnati Bengals are founded. Paul Brown is their coach because the Browns organization fucked him over and he wants to spite them. This the equivalent of of dating your hot co-worker to make your wife jealous.
1968-69: You spend the first two years in the league's basement despite having one of the greatest HC's ever as your coach.
1970: You guys actually made the playoffs...only to be shut out by the Colts and an aging Johnny Unitas. Hopefully being knocked out in the first round won't become a running gag for you guys.
1971: Back to the basement for you, Bungles! At least this Ken Anderson guy doesn't look half-bad.
1972: You actually get an 8-6 season. You miss the playoffs though, so it ultimately means nothing.
1973: You have a 10-4 record and make it back to the postseason. You then get ass-blasted by the Dolphins in their prime.
1974: You start 6-3 and are looking pretty damn interesting. Never mind, you lose 4 of 5 and don't come anywhere near playoff contention.
1975: You actually go 11-3 and make the playoffs. Considering the 70's Steelers are in your division, that's honestly not bad. What is bad is being totally dominated by the Raiders in the playoffs. Yes the score says 31-28, but two of those TDs were when the game was already decided.
Pre-1976 offseason: This Charlie Joiner guy isn't what we need; let's send him to the Chargers! He'll only become a part of one of the greatest offenses ever!
1976-77: Paul Brown is gone; behold the mediocrity of Bill Johnson!
1978: Did I say mediocrity? I meant garbage coaching. Bill Johnson is fired after a 0-5 start and you finish 4-12.
1979: You finish 4-12 again and Homer Rice is thrown into the tiger's den.
1980 NFL Draft: You draft this fantastic OT from USC named Anthony Muñoz with the 3rd overall pick. You hopefully won't waste his career.
1980: Former Packers offensive lineman Forrest Gregg is the new head coach. You go 6-10, but honestly anything that isn't totally collapsing is an improvement.
1981: Holy shit, you guys are doing it. Ken Anderson got the MVP award as a QB, Pete Johnson is running all over defenders, you have a nice receiving duo of Cris Collinsworth & Dan Ross, and that offensive line is truly something special. Anthony Muñoz and Max Montoya are pancaking defenders like it was Madden. Hell, even the defense led by interception master Ken Riley is solid at minimum.
You guys beat the Bills and then absolutely shit-stomp the Chargers in horrid weather! Now, you face the 49ers. They humiliated you in the regular season, but you got this.
Super Bowl XVI: You allow the 49ers to go up 20-0 and lose 26-21. If only you hadn't been stopped on the 1-yard line 4 times.
1982: Even with just a nine-game season, you go 7-2, get the third seed in the AFC and make the playoffs. You can make another run at it.
1982-83 First Round: Or get demolished by the Jets. Yet another first-round loss, Jesus Christ.
1983-87: Enjoy mediocrity between Forrest Gregg and Sam Wyche. Ken Anderson retires after an underrated career that will leave him w/o a gold jacket purely because the word "Bungle" is like the plague.
1988: Holy shit, you did it again. Boomer Esiason is the MVP, Eddie Brown is setting secondaries on fire with his deep-threat speed, Ickey Woods shuffling his way to a Pro Bowl year, and you have Montoya and Muñoz back from Super Bowl XVI. Those 49ers may be back, but this time, this time you say, it will be different.
Super Bowl XXIII, 3:10 left in Q4: It's happening, Cincy. You're up 16-13 and the 49ers have to start on their own 10. They have looked inconsistent all year, you'll be fine.
Super Bowl XXIII, Final 49ers drive: Your defense gets torn to pieces by Joe Montana, Jerry Rice, and Roger Craig. They score with 39 seconds left and alcohol consumption in Cincinnati multiplies tenfold.
1989: You guys score at least 55 points twice. Doesn't matter since you finish last in your division with an 8-8 record.
1990: You guys actually made the playoffs. And you destroyed the Oilers in the first round. You need to beat the Raiders and...wait, Anthony Muñoz is out? Yep, you're fucked. You also ended Bo Jackson's career, though I'm sure you guys suck nowadays not because of his "curse", but out being a genuinely shitty team.
1991: You guys completely collapse and go 3-13, but that's not even the worst part. Paul Brown dies, which of course sucks, but even worse, his son Mike Brown takes over. He will fuck over this franchise for the next 30 years at minimum. Sam Wyche, by the way, is shown the guillotine.
1992: Did I mention Anthony Muñoz retires after this year? Your one true HOFer and one of the greatest linemen ever; what a wasted career. You go 5-11 under new coach Dave Shula. Hopefully, he'll get better.
1993-96: Optimism, the fuck is that? This is the Bungles. They suffer four seasons of failure and Shula is fired after a 1-6 start in '96. Hopefully Bruce Coslet can do better. He did finish the year 7-2.
1997-2000: Of course everything sucks for the Bengals, they are in the league's basement for three years, and Coslet is gone after an 0-3 start. Hopefully former Lions star Dick Lebeau can do well.
2001-02: Guess what? He also sucks as a head coach. You finish 2002 with a 2-14 record. You need a great coach to make you relevant. How about Marvin Lewis, the mastermind of the legendary 2000 Ravens defense? He is the guy to lead you to greatness.
2003 NFL Draft: You need a QB of the future, a leader you have been lacking since Ken Anderson and Boomer Esiason. You get Carson Palmer out of USC; he is the guy you can count on for playoff success.
2003: I can't wait to see Palmer...wait, he's redshirted? Oh, never mind, you have Jon Kitna do a surprisingly good job and lead you to 8-8. Considering what the past 15 years have been, you guys want this.
2004: You finish 8-8 again. Rudi Johnson is becoming a solid RB, Palmer is still young, and this Chad Johnson guy is an All-Pro wideout, so you are at least on the upswing.
2005: It's coming together, boys. Carson Palmer looks like an MVP, Chad Johnson has a great year, Rudi Johnson is running over defenders, and you guys win the division. You can win a playoff game and finally bring a trophy to your
[Carson Palmer breaks his leg] ARE YOU FUCKING KIDDING ME? At least those Steelers won't get far in the playoffs.
2006-08: Enjoy three more years of mediocrity as the Steelers win another Super Bowl! It's like the 70's never ended.
2009: With the Steelers and Ravens underperforming, you win the division...and get romped by the Jets like it's 1982.
2010: You go 4-12, Carson Palmer leaves the team because he sees it is a cancer, and Chad, uh, "Ochocinco" is gone. Marvin Lewis has a seat so hot his ass has third-degree burns. He needs to have a great draft and make the playoffs.
2011 NFL Draft: You draft A.J. Green and Andy Dalton to become your next great QB-WR combo. Let's see if they work out.
2011: You start 9-5, lose the last two games, and then get blown out in the Wild Card round by the Texans making their first playoff appearance. This is without their starting QB. It is a relatively young team, so they can get more second chances.
2012: You make it as the #6 seed again and lose in the Wild Card to...the Texans. AGAIN. It is still improvement, and I'm sure you can win a playoff game next year.
2013: An 11-5 record gives you the division and the #3 seed. The Chargers look weak, you can...why the fuck are they whupping your asses all over the field? Jesus Christ, this team is a joke.
2014: They get the #5 seed and lose in the Wild Card yet again to the Colts.
2015: You start 8-0, go 12-4 and make the playoffs. Sure, Andy Dalton is out, but you guys are up 16-15 on the Steelers at home with the ball and less than 2 minutes left and Jeremy Hill...just fumbled it. Your defense shits itself, gives up 30 yards w/o a single play being run due to penalties, and loses. Another first-round exit, what a shocker I tells ya.
2016-18: Marvin Lewis has 3 mediocre years that have him fired. 2018 is the worst, starting 4-1 only to completely fall apart and finish 6-10. At least Tyler Boyd got the Bills into the playoffs. LA Rams QB coach Zac Taylor hopes to due a better job.
2019: He goes 2-14 in his first year, only winning versus the Buttfumble and the Factory of Sadness. Andy Dalton is gone, but the oft-injured A.J. Green is staying for at least one more year. You draft Joe Burrow as a franchise savior and Tee Higgins to help. They can save your team...right?
submitted by moeshaker188 to UrinatingTree [link] [comments]


2020.07.13 18:10 brb214 [WTS] HUGE mix of low priced world coins + some world silver + sterling silver round at spot

Back with a lot of new stuff! Shipping within the US is $4 for USPS First Class Package, or if you are only purchasing 1-3 lighter coins I can risky ship for $1 but you assume the risk once shipped. Venmo preferred but PPFF is good too.
Feel free to hit me with reasonable offers.
Please PM not DM, I won't see the chat on mobile. Thanks!
Proof + coins from the top section: https://imgur.com/a/KHDOy7h
1972 Postmasters of America Olympic round - Minted by the Franklin Mint, stamped sterling on the rim. Weighs 26 grams, based on a silver spot price of $19.30, melt and the price I’m asking is $14.90, I will risky ship for $15. PENDING
1830 Colombia 1 Real - $25 SOLD
1844 Chile 1 Real (slight bend) - $40
1778 Bolivia 2 Reales - well worn especially near the mint mark but you can still make out the PR - $18
1850-A France 1 Franc - well worn but tough date - $10
1960 Morocco 1 Dirham - $6.00 SOLD
1938 Yugoslavia 50 Dinara - $7.50 (Less than $1 over spot) SOLD
1972 Austria 10 Schilling - $3.50 SOLD
Army & Navy Civil War token - $20
No Compromise with Traitors Civil War token - $40
1944 Hungary 20 Filler Proof restrike - $20
PURCHASE 10 OR MORE OF THE BELOW COINS AND TAKE 10% OFF OF THE TOTAL:
$0.50
https://imgur.com/a/tJNAiRa
1915 Belgium 10 Centimes
1942 Belgium 25 Centimes
1943 Belgium 25 Centimes
1944 Belgium 25 Centimes
1945 Belgium 25 Centimes
1973 Portugal 2 ½ Escudos
1971 Jersey 2 Pence SOLD
1966 Tanzania 5 Senti SOLD
1982 Tanzania 5 Senti SOLD
1981 Tanzania 10 Senti SOLD
1982 Tanzania 20 Senti SOLD
1982 Tanzania 1 Shilling SOLD
1971 Tanzania 1 Shilling SOLD
1983 Vanuatu 1 Vatu SOLD
1972 Seychelles 1 Cent - FAO
1972 Seychelles 5 Cents - FAO
1982 Seychelles 1 Cent SOLD
1982 Seychelles 5 Cents SOLD
1982 Seychelles 10 Cents SOLD
1925 Chile 20 Centavos SOLD
1948 Turkey 2 ½ Kurus
1956 Argentina 10 Centavos PENDING
1922 Italy 10 Centismi
1964 Colombia 1 Centavo
1974 Colombia 5 Centavos
1965 Colombia 2 Centavo
$1.00
https://imgur.com/a/GKQWyrK
1942-A Germany 1 Pfennig PENDING
1941-E Germany 1 Pfennig PENDING
1940-F Germany 1 Pfennig PENDING
1940-D Germany 5 Pfennig PENDING
1923 Poland 10 Grozy SOLD
1977 West African 100 Francs SOLD
1948 France 10 Francs PENDING
1947 Curacao 2 ½ Cents SOLD
1954 Netherlands Antilles 1 Cent SOLD
1941 Netherlands 1 Cent
1942 Netherlands 10 Cents
1942 Belgium 10 Centimes
1944 Belgium 10 Centimes
1946 Belgium 25 Centimes
1941 Belgium 1 Franc
1942 Belgium 1 Franc
1943 Belgium 1 Franc
1945 Beglium 1 Franc
1946 Belgium 1 Franc
1943 Belgium 5 Francs
1923 Poland 2 Grozy
1923 Poland 20 Grozy
1962 Suriname 1 Cent SOLD
1962 Suriname 10 Cent SOLD
1941 Norway 10 Ore
1965 New Zealand Half Penny
1922 France 2 Francs PENDING
1979 Bhutan 5 Chhertum SOLD
1974 Bhutan 10 Chhertum SOLD
1975 Bhutan 25 Chhertum SOLD
1979 Bhutan 10 Chhertum SOLD
1974 Bhutan 20 Chhertum - FAO SOLD
1974 Bhutan 25 Chhertum SOLD
1981 Seychelles 5 Cents - FAO PENDING
1977 Seychelles 5 Cents - FAO PENDING
1981 Seychelles 10 Cents - FAO
1977 Seychelles 25 Cents
1962 Thailand One Baht
1945 Jersey 1/12 of a Shilling
1960 Jersey 1/12 of a Shilling
1980 Falkland Islands 1 Penny SOLD
1938 Philippines Centavo
1963 Dominican Republic 1 Centavo
1950 Sweden 5 Ore
1963 Denmark 5 Ore
1965 Denmark 2 Ore
1945 Sweden 5 Ore PENDING
1913 Belgium 25 Centimes
1950 Fiji Threepence
1899 France 5 Centimes PENDING
1972 Egypt 10 Piastres
1863 Belgium 5 Centimes
1946 Ecuador 20 Centavos
1977 Suriname 1 Cent PENDING
1961 Liberia 5 Cents PENDING
1918-A Germany 5 Pfennig PENDING
1915-G Germany 5 Pfennig PENDING
1875-C Germany 2 Pfennig PENDING
1896-A Germany 1 Pfennig PENDING
1926 Denmark 2 Kroner
1970 Rwanda 2 Francs PENDING
1962 Jamaica ½ Penny
1968 Vietnam 10 Dong
1970 Vietnam 10 Dong
1930 Portugal 50 Centavos
1933 Mexico 1 Centavo
1939 Mexico 1 Centavo
1941 Mexico 1 Centavo
1943 Mexico 1 Centavo
1940 New Zealand Penny
1946 New Zealand Penny
1955 New Zealand Penny
1958 New Zealand Penny
1937 Hong Kong 10 Cents
$1.50
https://imgur.com/a/bUM4FbZ
1979 Guernsey 5 Pence PENDING
1936 Philippines Centavo
1938 Philippines 5 Centavos
1929 Denmark 10 Ore
1941 Denmark 2 Ore
1974 Gambia 1 Batut - FAO SOLD
1938 Brazil 300 Reis SOLD
1940 Brazil 200 Reis SOLD
1929 Argentina 10 Centavos PENDING
1940 Italy 20 Centesimi
1956 Brazil 50 Centavos SOLD
1921 Peru 20 Centavos
1955 New Zealand Penny
1923 Netherlands 5 Cents
1884 Netherlands 1 Cent
1900 Netherlands 1 Cent
1944-S Philippines 5 Centavo
1936 Philippines 1 Centavo
1933 Chile 1 Peso
1942 East Africa 5 Cents
1984 Fiji 50 Cents
1964 East Caribbean States 5 Cents
1943 Bohemia & Moravia 1 Koruna SOLD
1965 Guatemala 10 Centavos
1883 Netherlands 1 Cent
1921 Tunisia 1 Franc
1941 Tunisia 1 Franc
1941 Tunisia 2 Francs
1959 Nigeria ½ Penny
1919-J Germany 5 Pfennig PENDING
1956 Angola 2.50 Escudos PENDING
1954 Ireland Shilling
1942-A Germany 10 Pfennig PENDING
1880 Netherlands 1 Cent
1962 Peru 20 Centavos
1921 Peru 20 Centavos
1931 Hong Kong 1 Cent
$2.00
https://imgur.com/a/YZWrZEF
1943-G Germany 1 Pfennig PENDING
1940-E Germany 1 Pfennig PENDING
1940-A Germany 5 Pfennig PENDING
1941-F Germany 10 Pfennig PENDING
1940 Slovakia 1 Koruna PENDING
1923 Poland 20 Grozy
1980 Falkland Islands 10 Pence SOLD
1968 Seychelles 2 Cents SOLD
1980 Jersey 50 New Pence SOLD
1945-S Netherlands East Indies 1 Cent
1971 Tanzania 5 Senti SOLD
1956 Netherlands Antilles 2 ½ Cents PENDING
1959 Nigeria ½ Penny
1959 Nigeria 1 Penny
1959 Nigeria 1 Shilling
1959 Netherlands Antilles 2 ½ Cents
1944-D Curacao 2 ½ Cents
1939 Netherlands 5 Cents
1941 Netherlands 10 Cents
1942 Denmark 10 Ore
1942 Tunisia 10 Centimes
1945 Jersey 1/12 Shilling SOLD
1951 Australia ½ Penny
1975 Bhutan Chetrums SOLD
1974 Bhutan 1 Ngultrum SOLD
1975 Bhutan 1 Ngultrum SOLD
1953 Seychelles 10 Cents SOLD
1971 Seychelles 10 Cents SOLD
1973 Seychelles 10 Cents SOLD
1974 Seychelles 10 Cents
1976 Seychelles 10 Cents SOLD
1977 Seychelles 10 Cents - FAO
1977 Seychelles 50 Cents
1973 Seychelles 25 Cents
1974 Seychelles 25 Cents
1977 Thailand One Baht
1944-D Philippines 10 Centavos (Silver) (6 Available) SOLD
1945-D Philippines 10 Centavo (Silver) SOLD
1985 Guernsey 50 Pence
1985 Falkland Islands 2 Pence SOLD
1949 Ireland 3D
1933 Great Britain Threepence PENDING
1938-A Germany 2 Pfennig PENDING
1937-F Germany 1 Pfennig PENDING
1944-A Germany 10 Pfennig PENDING
1959 Dominican Republic 10 Centavos (Silver) SOLD
1908 Canada 1 Cent
1946 Cuba 1 Centavo SOLD
1977 Egypt 5 Milliemes - Corrective Revolution
1980 Egypt 10 Piastres - Doctor’s Day
1915 Luxembourg 10 Centimes SOLD
1980 Azores 100 Escudos SOLD
1926 Iceland 1 Eyrir SOLD
1954 Nicaragua 50 Colones SOLD
1955 Jordan 5 Fils
1955 Jordan 50 Fils SOLD
1926 Greece 1 Drachma SOLD
$2.50
https://imgur.com/a/SZyM1u5
1974 Bhutan 5 Chetrums SOLD
1975 Bhutan 5 Chetrums SOLD
1961 Thailand One Baht
1966 Thailand One Baht - 5th Asian Games SOLD
1972 Thailand One Baht - FAO SOLD
1972 Thailand 5 Baht SOLD
1930 Portugal 50 Centavos
1978 Belize 25 Cents
1980 Belize 25 Cents
1976 Egypt 10 Milliemes - FAO
1943 Bohemia & Moravia 20 Haleru SOLD
1942 Bohemia & Moravia 1 Korun
1943 Bohemia & Moravia 1 Korun
1944 Bohemia & Moravia 1 Korun SOLD
1943 Netherlands Curacao 5 Cents
1940 Italy 50 Centesimi
1939 Italy 5 Centesimi
1944 Bohemia & Moravia 20 Haleru SOLD
1944-D Philippines 20 Centavo (Silver) (5 available) SOLD
1873 Belgium 2 Cents
1909-J Germany 5 Pfennig PENDING
1970 Madagascar 10 Francs SOLD
1970 Madagascar 20 Francs SOLD
1977 Djibouti 10 Francs SOLD
1910 Mexico 1 Centavo
1913 Mexico 1 Centavo
1925 East Africa 10 Cents SOLD
1956 Monaco 100 Francs SOLD
1940 Iceland 2 Kronur SOLD
$3.00
https://imgur.com/a/7BU6xqL
1943-F Germany 10 Pfennig PENDING
1945 Yugoslavia 50 Para
1944 Belgium 2 Francs
1974 Falkland Islands 10 Pence SOLD
1961 Seychelles 1 Cent SOLD
1958 Madagascar 1 Franc
1977 Djibouti 20 Francs SOLD
1944 Curacao ¼ Gulden (Silver)
1947 Curacao ¼ Gulden (Silver) (2 Available)
1942 Norway 5 Ore
1959 Australia Threepence SOLD
1941 Belgium 5 Francs
1965 Seychelles 10 Cents SOLD
1960 Seychelles 25 Cents SOLD
1977 Seychelles 10 Rupees (Sea turtle) SOLD
1863 Great Britain Penny (couple rim nicks) PENDING
1968 Vietnam 20 Dong - FAO SOLD
1949 Guernsey 8 Doubles SOLD
1903 Philippines ½ Centavo SOLD
1921 Philippines 1 Centavo SOLD
1904 Philippines ½ Centavo SOLD
1905 Philippines 1 Centavo SOLD
1937 Dominican Republic 10 Centavos
1930 Cabo Verde 10 Centavos SOLD
1956 El Salvador Centavo
1940 Bohemia & Moravia 20 Haleru SOLD
1941 Bohemia & Moravia 20 Haleru SOLD
1944 Bohemia & Moravia 20 Haleru SOLD
1977 Egypt 10 Milliemes - Corrective Revolution
1977 Egypt 5 Piastres - Corrective Revolution
1977 Egypt 10 Piastres - Corrective Revolution
1981 Guernsey 1 Pound
1872 Great Britain Penny PENDING
1920 Portugal 1 Centavo
1944-S Philippines 1 Centavo (Red UNC) SOLD
1963 Seychelles 2 Cents SOLD
1943 New Zealand Threepence (Silver) SOLD
1925 Austria ½ Schilling (Silver) SOLD
1889 Brazil 200 Reis SOLD
$4.00
https://imgur.com/a/F65mDhy
1941 Slovakia 1 Koruna SOLD
1944-E Germany 10 Pfennig PENDING
1944 Belgium 5 Francs
1947 Curacao 2 ½ Cents SOLD
1959 Netherlands Antilles 1 Cent (Rainbow toning) SOLD
1943 Curacao 5 Cents (High grade)
1948 Seychelles 2 Cents SOLD
1959 Seychelles 2 Cents SOLD
1850-A German States Prussia 2 Pfennig PENDING
1895 Great Britain Threepence PENDING
1876 Mexico 1 Centavo
1967 Canada 25 Cents (High grade)
$5.00
https://imgur.com/a/X0WqiqQ
1945 Slovakia 1 Koruna SOLD
1918-G Germany ½ Mark (Silver) PENDING
1945 Yugoslavia 50 Para (High Grade)
1943 Cameroon 1 Franc SOLD
1983 Bermuda 1 Dollar
1916 Luxembourg 25 Centimes
1951 Seychelles 10 Cents SOLD
1963 Fiji Threepence (High grade)
1965 Fiji Threepence (High grade)
1881 Great Britain Farthing PENDING
1943 India ¼ Rupee SOLD
1921 El Salvador 10 Centavos
1943 India ¼ Rupee SOLD
1880 Spain 50 Centavos SOLD
1944 French West Africa 1 Franc SOLD
submitted by brb214 to Coins4Sale [link] [comments]


2020.07.10 18:53 TheShockerBrother Sierra Depot GNN Transcript: An Analysis

I decided to begin working on this write-up because I recently went down a rabbit hole concerning the Sierra Depot GNN transcript from Fallout 2, which is rather well-known for its poor information, as it has several lore-related issues. As such, I'm going to break down what's up with this holodisk and why it's so infamous.

The Breakdown

2073 This section, about the US allegedly taking the last oil reserves left on the planet, mentions "President Xin" of China. This is the only time Xin has been mentioned in the series. While it's certainly possible that there was some communist power dynamic between President Xin and Chairman Cheng), Cheng was introduced in Fallout 3. He's largely taken on the "face" of China within the Fallout universe ever since, making Xin's role even more unclear. Fallout 3, 4, and 76 all mention Cheng, but Xin's only ever brought up in this transcript.
It also claims that the winter temperature is a "chilly 100-110 [degrees Fahrenheit]" which...sure, climate change, but this seems more humorous to me than anything else, not to mention the divergence changing a lot about how we use our energy. Temperature doesn't get brought up a lot in lore, unfortunately.
2074 This report, about worldwide oil negotiations, mentions UN sanctions. This has been directly retconned by Fallout 3, which stated that the UN collapsed in 2052. This was also brought up in Chris Avellone's Fallout Bible. The Bible is of...questionable canonicity to many, but the Capitol Post articles about the UN set this in stone.
2075 The broadcast for 2075 mentions Canada being happily annexed at the wishes of its citizens. While the obviously false part about "popular demand" could be written off as American propaganda, we know from multiple sources that this wasn't a "one fell swoop" sort of deal. The Fallout intro mentions several events - China invading Alaska, the U.S. annexing Canada, and then the European Commonwealth dissolving. Canada was annexed as an indirect result of the invasion of Alaska. Diplomatic tensions between the U.S. and Canada were strained over multiple issues, including Canadian soldiers attacking the Trans-Alaska Pipeline. A Capitol Post article from 2072 indicates that that year was when the process was formally announced, but things were set in motion years prior to that. According to the Fallout Bible, the annexation was complete by January 2076.
Interestingly, this same section has a blurb about sports. The "Little Rock Saints" and the "Anaheim Jets" duked it out in Super Bowl CXII that year, and J. Montana IV saved the day to win it for the Jets 95-90. While four Joe Montanas is a hilarious concept, this is also the only mention of the Super Bowl in Fallout...but. "Super Bowl I" was in 1967, so the Super Bowl of 2075 would be CVIII (108), not CXII (112). Since this was after WW2, divergence might be in play, but I think this is more of a symptom than a deliberate change to the history of the Super Bowl.
2076 Here, the transcript references the President ordering the Pacific Fleet to the "Poseidon deep sea oil derrick." The Boston Bugle article terminal rebukes this - the terminal is focused on front page news from October 19-23, 2077. Article 4 is something of an exposé that treats the President being on an oil rig as something that was unknown at the time. While the GNN transcript says that the oil rig is in a secret location; here, it seems that the Boston Bugle revealed the existence of the oil rig to begin with. The White House had been empty and speculation was rampant as to the President's whereabouts prior to this article, which was published just a few days before the bombs dropped.
2077 October 10, 2077: the Sino-American War began? This is the biggest red flag in the transcript, as it's basically impossible for all of the events of the war to have taken place in 13 days. We know through several sources that the war had been going on for much longer than that (Fort Strong, The Switchboard, Capitol Post, Boston Bugle, The Citadel). Additionally, the Fallout Bible provides a much larger timeline, putting the starting date at 2066. This is further confirmed by the Fallout 3 game guide, which refers to it as the "Sino-American War of 2066-2077." The Capitol Post says that no American could forget the terrible winter of 2066, when China first invaded Alaska.

The Bored Soldiers Saga

So what's the point of all this? Why am I writing out every lore issue in this one holodisk, written 22 years ago and retconned by nearly every other source since? It has to do with the in-universe explanation for this transcript. According to the Fallout Bible, bored soldiers at the Army Depot modified the news reports for fun, and that's how Avellone disregarded the disk. Right?
This explanation has been something that's basically been accepted as fact. The soldiers were screwing around, according to Avellone, and they made the holodisk wildly inaccurate. But...I haven't been able to find a specific source mentioning that explanation. Whenever it's brought up in lore discussions, people just cite the Bible because that's what the wiki said for a long time (although it no longer does).
I'll start this off by saying that in no way do I think the transcript can be salvaged in some way. There's so much stuff that has been thrown out by later games, that it's just a totally unreliable source at this point. However, unless someone here that is more knowledgeable about the Bible than me can find something, it seems that there has never been a verified in-universe explanation for it. Let me explain.
The Vault and Nukapedia, the two Fallout wikis, have been attempting to merge after Curse/Gamepedia was bought by Fandom. Earlier this year, the "behind the scenes" section on the GNN transcript, explaining its inconsistencies and canonicity status, was imported from the Vault onto Nukapedia. Previously, Nukapedia did not have a reference for the "bored soldiers" claim, only mentioning that Avellone said it in the Bible (which is comprised of 9 different documents). Both TV and NP had some variation of the "bored soldiers" story, just phrased differently. When the Vault version was added during the merge, it included a reference that cited Fallout Bible 6, along with a couple paragraphs about it. Mystery solved.
Except...the reference doesn't mention anything about soldiers. It's actually mostly about Skynet's name, and how it shouldn't be taken seriously. At the end of the citation, Avellone brings up the GNN transcript as another example of something that should be modified to fit within the timeline. As of right now, the NP page has another citation that disregards the GNN transcript, from Bible 7, mentioning it as an example of something that should be pulled from continuity. While this certainly confirms that Avellone dismissed the holodisk, it doesn't help us with that in-universe explanation.
It was at this point that I went down the rabbit hole, trying to figure out where this "bored soldiers" story came from. I couldn't find anything about it in the Bible itself - all 9 documents are on the wiki, totally complete, but many Ctrl+Fs and scroll wheel excursions later, I came up with nothing. Unless there's something that has been glossed over by myself and wiki contributors from both the Vault and Nukapedia over the years, it seems that "bored soldiers" was never in the Bible at all.
Where does it come from then? At this point there was no going back so I decided to pore through the page histories of NP's version, and TV's version (before the merge). Here's a timeline:
2005: Things are weird off the bat. According to Nukapedia, an account named Angela first adds this story as "soldiers modified the transcripts for fun." As it turns out, Angela is...Angela Beesley, the co-founder of Wikia. Back in 2005, the Fallout Wiki was hosted and duckandcover.cx. However, on the Vault, this same edit is attributed to Ausir. I'm not sure how records from the D&C days are kept, but my best guess is that Ausir added it in 2005, but the edit somehow just got attributed to Angela on NP while she was helping with the move over to Wikia. I also tried looking at archive.org for D&C, but this particular page wasn't ever saved, as best I can tell.
Between this, the Fallout Wiki splits between Nukapedia on Wikia/Fandom and the Vault on Gamepedia.
2013: Ant2242 adds information about how the holodisk contradicts lore regarding the annexation of Canada. He uses a section from Fallout Bible 0's timeline as a source.
2014: Tagaziel edits the phrasing on the Vault and changes "for fun" to "out of boredom," also citing Bible 0. Wikia still uses the original wording without a reference. This one is weird to me, because Bible 0 doesn't mention the story, so the reference is inaccurate. I think what happened here is that Tag meant to cite Bible 0 for Chris Avellone's timeline, which is also mentioned in the same section. Nothing in Bible 0 would necessitate a change to "out of boredom," so speculation galore can come from this.
2015: Ant2242 changes Bible 0 to Bible 6, and includes the aforementioned Skynet quote. He asks where "boredom" comes from in an edit summary. A couple months prior, at the end of 2014, he left a talk page message asking the same question. No response.
2018: Tagaziel adds more information to the Sino-American War contradictions, using Ant's old citation of the Bible 0 timeline, but the soldier story remains on the page.
2020: The Fandom/Wikia page (still) using the original wording is changed when the Vault version is imported during the ongoing merge by JCB2077, creating the "behind the scenes" section as it was on the Vault.

What does all this mean?

I think at this point "bored soldiers" might be one of those lore myths that gets passed down because it's been around for so long, like New York being a crater. I can't find any trace of anyone questioning it until Ant asked in 2014 and 2015. Even then, no one answered it and the story remained on the page. Besides Ant's talk page message on the Vault, there was another discussion on Nukapedia from 2013, but it was about the accuracy of the holodisk and whether or not it could be propaganda. The edits that I included above are the only really notable ones that I could find. The rest are just formatting or other minor changes, not touching the "bored soldiers" story.
In summary, the GNN transcript is a holodisk that is terribly inaccurate and has been retconned and superseded by other sources over time. The Fallout Bible itself has had its canonicity disputed, but the Capitol Post, Boston Bugle, the game guide, all these other sources contradict the holodisk and we can easily conclude that it's not a reliable source these days.
However, the in-universe explanation of being changed by soldiers that were screwing around...that's never been verified as best I can tell. Maybe Avellone said it somewhere in his Twitter or something, but it doesn't seem to come from the Bible and no one has been able to back up this story. This is something that goes all the way back to 2005, with the AusiAngela edit, and remained on both wikis for 15 years. It was only very recently removed from Nukapedia, after the merge. I was part of a pretty interesting discussion about this subject in the wiki's Discord, which inspired me to write this overly-long post. There were about 6 people involved, and one of them found the quote from Bible 7. That was about it, so "bored soldiers" was removed since no one could verify it. Unless someone finds something to back the story up, a source that's been buried for a over a decade, it appears that the GNN transcript might not have an explanation after all.
submitted by TheShockerBrother to falloutlore [link] [comments]


2020.07.09 09:01 Justwonderinif Gilliverse I

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Timeline II >>>
submitted by Justwonderinif to Timelines [link] [comments]


2020.07.09 08:01 Justwonderinif The Keepers Timeline I

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Timeline II >>
submitted by Justwonderinif to Timelines [link] [comments]


2020.07.08 17:24 just_boof_it [Pre-Match Thread] Aston Villa vs. Manchester United

Aston Villa vs. Manchester United
Competition: Premier League - Round 34
Date: Thu 09 July 2020
Kickoff: 20:15
Venue: Villa Park
Club Statistics
Form (all competitions): DLDLL
Goals per game: 1.1
Average Possession: 46.4%
Pass Accuracy: 77.2%
Shots per game: 12.1
Tackles per game: 14.1
Dribbles per game: 9.6
Club Statistics
Form (all competitions): DWWWW
Goals per game: 1.7
Average Possession: 54.4%
Pass Accuracy: 83.3%
Shots per game: 14.8
Tackles per game: 15.5
Dribbles per game: 11.7
Aston Villa Team News
  • Dean Smith said his squad had come through unscathed from their trip to Anfield, with Tyrone Mings and Jack Grealish shaking off knocks.
  • Matt Targett is again set to miss out with a hamstring problem.
Manchester United Team News
  • Manchester United will monitor Victor Lindelof, who was withdrawn against Bournemouth because of a back problem.
  • If the Swede recovers in time United boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer will have the option of naming the same side for a fourth straight league match.
  • Axel Tuanzebe and Phil Jones are both sidelined with injuries.
Match Facts
  • This is the 50th Premier League fixture between these sides. Aston Villa have won just three of the previous 49, losing 34 times.
  • Villa have won just one of their last 42 Premier League meetings with Manchester United (D11, L30), with their solitary victory coming at Old Trafford in December 2009.
  • Manchester United are unbeaten in 20 Premier League away games against Aston Villa (W13, D7) since losing 3-1 at Villa Park on the opening day of the 1995-96 season. It is the longest unbeaten away run by one team against another in top-flight history.
  • Aston Villa have claimed only two points in their last nine league matches (D2, L7), scoring just five goals in this run.
  • Manchester United are looking to become the first team in Premier League history to win four consecutive matches by a margin of at least three goals.
  • Villa have won just one of their last 27 Premier League matches against sides starting the day in the top half of the league (D4, L22).
  • United are undefeated in nine Premier League games (W6, D3), the longest current unbeaten run in the division.
  • The 2-0 defeat at Liverpool was the 20th time this season that Villa have conceded two or more goals in a Premier League game this season.
  • United have won their last four matches in league and cup - their best run since winning Ole Gunnar Solskjaer's first eight games in charge between December 2018 and January 2019.
  • Defeat at Liverpool means Villa have lost at least 20 times in each of their last four top-flight seasons - they did not lose more than 17 games in each of their first 21 Premier League campaigns.
  • Bruno Fernandes has been directly involved in 11 goals in his nine Premier League matches, scoring six and assisting five.
  • Mason Greenwood has 15 goals in all competitions this season - the only teenagers to score more goals for the Red Devils in a season are George Best in 1965-66, Brian Kidd in 1967-68 and Wayne Rooney in 2004-05 (all scored 17 goals).
Lineups? Predictions? UTV!
Where to watch
submitted by just_boof_it to avfc [link] [comments]


2020.07.08 14:00 risforred12 Best of John Mayer Live World Tour 2019! UPDATE 4! ROUGH CUT VIDEO DEMO RELEASE! [I NEED YOUR HELP]

Hey guys! I'm back with another update! PLEASE DO GIVE SOME TIME AND READ THIS POST!AND Do Upvote this post so that all the JM Fans can know about this!! VERY VERY VERY IMPORTANT! I NEED YOUR HELP!
If you don't know what's this all about please do check these previous posts and you'll know everything there is to know:
UPDATE 2: https://www.reddit.com/JohnMayecomments/hgd3rh/best_of_john_mayer_live_world_tour_2019_update_2/
UPDATE 3: https://www.reddit.com/JohnMayecomments/hhzp8f/best_of_john_mayer_live_world_tour_2019_update_3/
To summarize... I'm making a live album (both audio and video) called "The Best of John Mayer's 2019 World Tour", which I'll be releasing soon on Reddit. I want to clarify right now that this all will be made available free for no charge.
I'm done with choosing/finalizing and editing the audios for album 3 and 4 whole. (and some songs for album 1 and 2 too).
album 3 = rarely performed original songs in the tour, album 4 = special, unreleased/cover songs or songs played with other artists on the tour. (To know more about the setlists and what's on what album - refer to the old posts linked above)
As I've mentioned in the posts before, to take this project to the next level, not only will the project have high-quality audio but the project will also have video, (MULTI-CAM Video!!!). We're going big this time.
First, let me show you a demo of how the final project will look like. This is not final. Just a rough cut to show you guys what I've been up to!! Do watch this video first and do read the whole post!!
The demo has: Love Is a Verb (Melbourne) and Covered in Rain (The Forum).
Audio for Love is a verb is from youtube and covered in rain is from archive.org.
Audio is pretty much final but the video is just a demo for you guys! Do critique the work in the comments!

ROUGH CUT VIDEO DEMO: https://youtu.be/eKQ5Gz2ArNg

So, now assuming you've watched the demo footage, you probably noticed the quality of the video. It's not that good but it's all I could find on Youtube. I had to work with what I had.
That's why I really need your help with the footage. Some songs don't have footages online and for some, more footage options would be awesome!
I want this project to be not any less than an official live album. So, I want a favor from you guys.If you had gone to the 2019 tour concert venues and have the songs that I have LISTED BELOW from SPECIFIC venues recorded (audio or video), then please go to this form linked below and fill in some required details and send me the videos ASAP!!!You can give me your name (name of the owner of the content) ... so that I'll be able to give full credit to everyone who submits the video. At the end of the project, I'll give credit to every video/audio I will have used.

FORM LINKS to send/upload videos (Any one) :

https://forms.gle/SU7ypTooUsD7PoME8

https://forms.gle/Xq3XpTvdUdh9roEC6

For now, these are the songs that I need! Only send the songs from the SPECIFIED venues!The audio and video clips should not necessarily be fully recorded.. even if you have a small clip please just send them.I've already gone through all the footage/audios on Youtube and archive.org but I really could use more clips and audio.Even if you've already posted the video on youtube please do send the ORIGINAL video to me. I'd like to minimize as much compression on the video as possible.Though high-quality video is recommended (At least 1080p), for now.. if you have any video ... please send them no matter the quality or the orientation (horizontal or vertical both works).And I'll choose from your submissions.
If you have large file sizes that the form won't accept or if you have any queries/ suggestions or any problem :
please contact me on Reddit or send me an email at : [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).You can even send the files in that email if it's too large.
***All of the performances listed below are sorted according to date and venue for easiness**\*
There are 2 lists. The first list is for videos (audio quality doesn't matter) and the other list is for audio-only (taped recordings not available online or high-quality recordings from phone).
List of FOOTAGES of songs that I need right now (AUDIO QUALITY DOESN'T Matter ... High Video Quality Recommended but do submit!!):
International:
Oceania:
How Great Thou Art (with Bella Kalolo) - Spark Arena, Auckland - March 23, 2019
Blues Run The Game > Queen of California - Spark Arena, Auckland - March 23, 2019
The Heart of Life - Spark Arena, Auckland - March 23, 2019
Belief - Brisbane Entertainment Centre, Brisbane, Australia - March 25, 2019
Paper Doll > Knockin' on Heaven's Door (Bob Dylan) - Brisbane Entertainment Centre, Brisbane, Australia - March 25, 2019
Free Fallin' - Brisbane Entertainment Centre, Brisbane, Australia - March 25, 2019
Go Easy on Me - Brisbane Entertainment Centre, Brisbane, Australia - March 25, 2019?
Love on the Weekend (with Intro) - Rod Laver Arena, Melbourne, Australia - March 27, 2019
Love Is a Verb - Rod Laver Arena, Melbourne, Australia - March 27, 2019
Clarity - Rod Laver Arena, Melbourne, Australia - March 27, 2019
Neon - Rod Laver Arena, Melbourne, Australia - March 27, 2019
Vultures (with Pino Bass Intro) - Qudos Bank Arena, Sydney, Australia - March 29, 2019
Half of My Heart - Qudos Bank Arena, Sydney, Australia - March 29, 2019
If I Ever Get Around to Living - Qudos Bank Arena, Sydney, Australia - March 29, 2019
In Repair - Qudos Bank Arena, Sydney, Australia - March 29, 2019

Asia:
Badge and Gun - Singapore Indoor Stadium, Singapore, Singapore - April 1, 2019
Heartbreak Warfare - Singapore Indoor Stadium, Singapore, Singapore - April 1, 2019
Covered in Rain > Neon - Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wan Chai, Hong Kong - April 8, 2019
Speak For Me - Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wan Chai, Hong Kong - April 8, 2019
Love on the Weekend (with Intro) - Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wan Chai, Hong Kong - April 8, 2019
Gravity - Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wan Chai, Hong Kong - April 8, 2019
Blues Run the Game > Queen of California - Nippon Budokan, Tokyo, Japan - Night 1 - April 10, 2019
Walt Grace's Submarine Test, January 1967 - Nippon Budokan, Tokyo, Japan - Night 1 - April 10, 2019
Belief (with Ed Sheeran) - Nippon Budokan, Tokyo, Japan - Night 1 - April 10, 2019 - (PREFERABLY CLOSE UP SHOTS)
Thinking out Loud (with Ed Sheeran) - Nippon Budokan, Tokyo, Japan - Night 1 - April 10, 2019 - (PREFERABLY CLOSE UP SHOTS)
Paper Doll - Nippon Budokan, Tokyo, Japan - Night 1 - April 10, 2019
Who Says > Waitin' on the Day - Nippon Budokan, Tokyo, Japan - Night 2 - April 11, 2019
Buckets of Rain (Bob Dylan) - Nippon Budokan, Tokyo, Japan - Night 2 - April 11, 2019
You're Gonna Live Forever In Me - Nippon Budokan, Tokyo, Japan - Night 2 - April 11, 2019

Europe:
A Face to Call Home - Ericsson Globe, Stockholm, Sweden - October 1, 2019
Go Easy on Me - Oslo Spektrum, Oslo, Norway - October 3, 2019
I'm Gonna Find Another You - Oslo Spektrum, Oslo, Norway - October 3, 2019
Come Back to Bed > Daughters - Jyske Bank Boxen, Herning, Denmark - October 7, 2019
Still Feel Like Your Man - Jyske Bank Boxen, Herning, Denmark - October 7, 2019
Roll it on Home - Jyske Bank Boxen, Herning, Denmark - October 7, 2019
A Face to Call Home - Ziggo Dome, Amsterdam, Netherlands - Night 1 - October 9, 2019
Gravity - Ziggo Dome, Amsterdam, Netherlands - Night 1 - October 9, 2019
Your Body is a Wonderland > Neon - Ziggo Dome, Amsterdam, Netherlands - Night 1 - October 9, 2019
Slow Dancing in a Burning Room - The O2 Arena, London - Night 1 - October 13, 2019
Happy Birthday to John!! - 3Arena, Dublin, Ireland - October 16, 2019
Tougher Than The Rest (Bruce Springsteen) - 3Arena, Dublin, Ireland - October 16, 2019
On The Way Home > Who Says - Manchester Arena, Manchester, England - October 18, 2019
Blues Run The Game > Queen of California - Manchester Arena, Manchester, England - October 18, 2019
Half of My Heart - Manchester Arena, Manchester, England - October 18, 2019

Canada:
Walt Grace's Submarine Test, January 1967 (with intro) - Scotiabank Arena, Toronto, ON, Canada - Night 1 - July 30, 2019
Splitscreen Sadness - Scotiabank Arena, Toronto, ON, Canada - Night 1 - July 30, 2019
Queen of California - Scotiabank Arena, Toronto, ON, Canada - Night 1 - July 30, 2019
Vultures - Scotiabank Arena, Toronto, ON, Canada - Night 1 - July 30, 2019
Wheel - Scotiabank Arena, Toronto, ON, Canada - Night 2 - July 31, 2019

USA:
Belief - Times Union Center, Albany, NY - July 19, 2019
Wildfire - Times Union Center, Albany, NY - July 19, 2019
Something's Missing > In Your Atmosphere - Times Union Center, Albany, NY - July 19, 2019
Freebird Guy - Wells Fargo Center, Philadelphia, PA - July 22, 2019
Deal (Grateful Dead) - Madison Square Garden, New York, NY - Night 1 - July 25, 2019
The Heart of Life - Madison Square Garden, New York, NY - Night 2 - July 26, 2019
Stop This Train - Madison Square Garden, New York, NY - Night 2 - July 26, 2019?
Bold as Love - Madison Square Garden, New York, NY - Night 2 - July 26, 2019
Dreaming With a Broken Heart - Madison Square Garden, New York, NY - Night 2 - July 26, 2019
I'm Gonna Find Another You - Madison Square Garden, New York, NY - Night 2 - July 26, 2019
Vultures - PPG Paints Arena, Pittsburgh, PA - July 28, 2019
Speak For Me - Little Caesars Arena, Detroit, MI - August 2, 2019
XO - Little Caesars Arena, Detroit, MI - August 2, 2019
Friend of the Devil (Grateful Dead) - Little Caesars Arena, Detroit, MI - August 2, 2019
Let My Love Open The Door > The Age of Worry - Little Caesars Arena, Detroit, MI - August 2, 2019
Slow Dancing in a Burning Room - Value City Arena, Columbus, OH - August 3, 2019
I Just Remembered That I Didn't Care (with Chris Stapleton) - Bridgestone Arena, Nashville, TN - August 8, 2019 - (PREFERABLY CLOSE UP SHOTS)
Slow Dancing in a Burning Room (with Chris Stapleton) - Bridgestone Arena, Nashville, TN - August 8, 2019 - (PREFERABLY CLOSE UP SHOTS)
Ripple (Grateful Dead) - Spectrum Center, Charlotte, NC - August 9, 2019
Half of My Heart - State Farm Arena, Atlanta, GA - August 11, 2019
Still Be Loving You (David Ryan Harris) - State Farm Arena, Atlanta, GA - August 11, 2019
If I Ever Get Around To Living - Bankers Life Fieldhouse, Indianapolis, IN - August 12, 2019
Half of My Heart - United Center, Chicago, IL - Night 2 - August 15, 2019
Wheel - United Center, Chicago, IL - Night 1 - August 14, 2019
I'm on Fire > 3x5 - Sprint Center, Kansas City, MO - September 2, 2019
New Light - Sprint Center, Kansas City, MO - September 2, 2019
Clarity - Talking Stick Resort Arena, Phoenix, AZ - September 10, 2019
Covered in Rain - The Forum, Inglewood, CA - Night 1 - September 13, 2019
Daughters - The Forum, Inglewood, CA - Night 2 - September 14, 2019
Vultures - The Forum, Inglewood, CA - Night 2 - September 14, 2019
The Heart of Life - The Forum, Inglewood, CA - Night 2 - September 14, 2019
Stop This Train - The Forum, Inglewood, CA - Night 2 - September 14, 2019
Dreaming With a Broken Heart- The Forum, Inglewood, CA - Night 2 - September 14, 2019
Carry Me Away - The Forum, Inglewood, CA - Night 2 - September 14, 2019
New Light - The Forum, Inglewood, CA - Night 2 - September 14, 2019
Emoji of a Wave (with speech) - Chase Center, San Francisco, CA - September 16, 2019
Queen of California > Fire on the Mountain (with Bob Weir) - Chase Center, San Francisco, CA - September 16, 2019
Something Like Olivia (with Intro) - Chase Center, San Francisco, CA - September 16, 2019
Roll It on Home - Golden 1 Center, Sacramento, CA - September 17, 2019

List of AUDIO RECORDINGS(Good quality; maybe taped ones that are not on archive.org?) that I need (even bits and pieces will work):
International:
Oceania:
Blues Run The Game > Queen of California - Spark Arena, Auckland - March 23, 2019
The Heart of Life - Spark Arena, Auckland - March 23, 2019
Belief - Brisbane Entertainment Centre, Brisbane, Australia - March 25, 2019
Paper Doll > Knockin' on Heaven's Door (Bob Dylan) - Brisbane Entertainment Centre, Brisbane, Australia - March 25, 2019
Free Fallin' - Brisbane Entertainment Centre, Brisbane, Australia - March 25, 2019?
Go Easy on Me - Brisbane Entertainment Centre, Brisbane, Australia - March 25, 2019
Love on the Weekend (with Intro) - Rod Laver Arena, Melbourne, Australia - March 27, 2019
Love Is a Verb - Rod Laver Arena, Melbourne, Australia - March 27, 2019
Clarity - Rod Laver Arena, Melbourne, Australia - March 27, 2019
Neon - Rod Laver Arena, Melbourne, Australia - March 27, 2019
Half of My Heart - Qudos Bank Arena, Sydney, Australia - March 29, 2019
If I Ever Get Around to Living - Qudos Bank Arena, Sydney, Australia - March 29, 2019
In Repair - Qudos Bank Arena, Sydney, Australia - March 29, 2019

Asia:
Badge and Gun - Singapore Indoor Stadium, Singapore, Singapore - April 1, 2019
Heartbreak Warfare - Singapore Indoor Stadium, Singapore, Singapore - April 1, 2019
Covered in Rain > Neon - Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wan Chai, Hong Kong - April 8, 2019
Speak For Me - Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wan Chai, Hong Kong - April 8, 2019
Love on the Weekend (with Intro) - Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wan Chai, Hong Kong - April 8, 2019
Gravity - Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wan Chai, Hong Kong - April 8, 2019

Europe:
A Face to Call Home - Ericsson Globe, Stockholm, Sweden - October 1, 2019
Go Easy on Me - Oslo Spektrum, Oslo, Norway - October 3, 2019
I'm Gonna Find Another You - Oslo Spektrum, Oslo, Norway - October 3, 2019
Come Back to Bed > Daughters - Jyske Bank Boxen, Herning, Denmark - October 7, 2019
Still Feel Like Your Man - Jyske Bank Boxen, Herning, Denmark - October 7, 2019
Roll it on Home - Jyske Bank Boxen, Herning, Denmark - October 7, 2019
A Face to Call Home - Ziggo Dome, Amsterdam, Netherlands - Night 1 - October 9, 2019
Gravity - Ziggo Dome, Amsterdam, Netherlands - Night 1 - October 9, 2019
Your Body is a Wonderland > Neon - Ziggo Dome, Amsterdam, Netherlands - Night 1 - October 9, 2019
Slow Dancing in a Burning Room - The O2 Arena, London - Night 1 - October 13, 2019
Tougher Than The Rest (Bruce Springsteen) - 3Arena, Dublin, Ireland - October 16, 2019
On The Way Home > Who Says - Manchester Arena, Manchester, England - October 18, 2019
Blues Run The Game > Queen of California - Manchester Arena, Manchester, England - October 18, 2019
Half of My Heart - Manchester Arena, Manchester, England - October 18, 2019

Canada:
Walt Grace's Submarine Test, January 1967 (with intro) - Scotiabank Arena, Toronto, ON, Canada - Night 1 - July 30, 2019
Splitscreen Sadness - Scotiabank Arena, Toronto, ON, Canada - Night 1 - July 30, 2019
Queen of California - Scotiabank Arena, Toronto, ON, Canada - Night 1 - July 30, 2019
Vultures - Scotiabank Arena, Toronto, ON, Canada - Night 1 - July 30, 2019
Wheel - Scotiabank Arena, Toronto, ON, Canada - Night 2 - July 31, 2019

USA:
Freebird Guy - Wells Fargo Center, Philadelphia, PA - July 22, 2019
Vultures - PPG Paints Arena, Pittsburgh, PA - July 28, 2019
Slow Dancing in a Burning Room - Value City Arena, Columbus, OH - August 3, 2019
Ripple (Grateful Dead) - Spectrum Center, Charlotte, NC - August 9, 2019
If I Ever Get Around To Living - Bankers Life Fieldhouse, Indianapolis, IN - August 12, 2019
Wheel - United Center, Chicago, IL - Night 1 - August 14, 2019
Half of My Heart - United Center, Chicago, IL - Night 2 - August 15, 2019
Clarity - Talking Stick Resort Arena, Phoenix, AZ - September 10, 2019
Emoji of a Wave - Chase Center, San Francisco, CA - September 16, 2019
Queen of California > Fire on the Mountain (with Bob Weir) - Chase Center, San Francisco, CA - September 16, 2019
Something Like Olivia (with Intro) - Chase Center, San Francisco, CA - September 16, 2019

Please Everyone if you have these then do send them ASAP! I want to finish and release the project as soon as possible!! Let's show the true power of the community!! In the end, this will not be just my project, it'll be our project!
If you are affiliated or own any Instagram John Mayer Fanpage then do contact me. I'm sure we can collaborate on this project. You can share the form there or something .. the Instagram community is pretty strong too!! Let's do this together!
Thank you so much for reading until the end! For now, do share this with fellow fans, friends, and family. The next update will come pretty soon!
Btw ... I'll be asking for submissions for other songs (Album 1 and 2) after completing album 3 and 4 completely. So, if the venues that you've gone to isn't on the list. Don't worry, you can help in the next submissions.
submitted by risforred12 to JohnMayer [link] [comments]


2020.07.06 17:54 sonofabutch The All-I Team!

Recently I put together an All-Q Team -- the 25 best of the 51 players in MLB history who have last names starting with Q. (And that followed my post as to which last name has the most players (M, 2,040) and which has the least (X, 0). Q has the second-fewest, with 51.)
The Q team's performance would be... shall we say... Questionable. Basically it's starting pitchers Jack Quinn and Jose Quintana, relievers Dan Quisenberry and Paul Quantrill, and one hitter -- slugger Carlos Quentin. Everyone else had career bWAR in the single digits, or negative.
The letter with the next fewest players is I, with 59. I thought it would be Interesting to look at the All-I Team. Would it be as Inadequate as the All-Q team, or would a pool of just eight more names be a big Improvement?
Of the 59 players, six are still active, according to baseball-reference.com; five played in MLB in 2019. (The active player who didn't appear in MLB last year was pitcher Gregory Infante, who had been signed by the Orioles but released before the season started; earlier this year they again invited him to spring training, but he's not on the 60-man roster.)
One odd thing I noticed is a fair number of these I-guys would become minor league managers, just as it seemed a disproportionate number of Q'ers died relatively young. I guess baseball teams think if your last name starts with I, you must be Intelligent enough to be a manager!
Batters: The I's have much more Impressive hitters than the Q's. The leading hitter on the Q-team is OF Carlos Quentin, with 10.5 bWAR; he'd rank 11th on the I-team! The Q-team's starting nine had just 27.1 career bWAR; the I-team's lineup has 152.3!
C Chris Iannetta - 15.0 bWAR, .230/.345/.406 (98 OPS+), 3,563 AB (2006-2019). "Sponge" consistently posts an OBP a hundred points higher than his batting average -- even in 2010, when he hit .197 but still got on base nearly 32% of the time. Casual fans look at a walk as something negative the pitcher did, not something positive the batter did -- a mistake by the pitcher rather than an accomplishment by the batter. But it's absolutely a skill and Iannetta proves it every year. Pitchers don't want to walk a guy with a career .230 BA, yet he gets walks.
1B Frank Isbell - 14.6 bWAR, .250/.289/.326 (89 OPS+), 4,219 AB (1898-1909). Nicknames in the Deadball Era were notoriously cruel. Hazen Cuyler was a stutterer who had trouble with his own last name; he's immortalized as Kiki Cuyler, mocking the way he pronounced it. William Hoy, who was deaf, was known as "Dummy." Charles Briody's round face and growing waistline earned him the nickname "Fatty." As for Frank, who was sensitive about losing his hair early in his 20s, his teammates dubbed him "The Bald Eagle." Frank's career slash-line of .250/.289/.326 isn't impressive, but he did have a tremendous year for the 1905 Chicago White Sox (.296/.335/.440, a 149 OPS+). Isbell played most of his games at first base, but he played all over the field -- literally, as he's one of the few men in MLB history to have multiple games at every position. He even pitched in 17 games, posting a 3.46 ERA in 88.1 innings!
2B Omar Infante - 16.9 bWAR, .271/.308/.387 (87 OPS+), 5,271 AB (2002-2016). Omar is the first of many players born in Venezuela; are last names starting with I more common there? Infante was primarily a utility man for the first half of his career, playing second, third, short, and all three outfield positions; it wasn't until 2010, at the age of 28, the Braves gave him 500+ plate appearances for just the second time in his career. He responded with his best season, hitting .321/.359/.416 and making his one and only All-Star appearance. He would spend the rest of his career as a starting second baseman. A tragic note: Omar's older brother, Asdrubal Infante, was a promising pitching prospect with the Tigers -- he posted a 1.09 ERA with 51 K in 33 IP in rookie ball in 1999 -- but was murdered that same year in a robbery in Venezuela. He was just 17 years old.
3B Brandon Inge - 19.2 bWAR, .233/.301/.384 (82 OPS+), 5,014 AB (2001-2013). Inge was a shortstop and pitcher at Virginia Commonwealth University, but the Tigers drafted him in the 2nd round in 1998 with the intention of converting him to a catcher. After three seasons in the bigs, he was moved to third base, where both his offense and his defense greatly improved. (Inge would hit .199/.260/.330 in 1,271 PA as a catcher, and .243/.315/.402 in 4,102 PA as a third baseman!) In 2008, Inge went on the disabled list when he strained a muscle trying to position a pillow under the head of his sleeping son.
SS Arthur Irwin - 15.2 bWAR, .241/.299/.305 (81 OPS+), 3,871 AB (1880-1894). The Q-Team had a lot of Quinns -- 13 of the 51 Q's in MLB history, or 25%, have the last name Quinn. For the I's, it's Irwin. Eight of the 59 I's are Irwins, or 13.5%. The first in both alphabetical order and by most bWAR is Arthur Irwin, a 19th century infielder who was later a manager, umpire, scout, and part-owner of a minor league team. At the age of 63, Irwin -- who during his playing days was known by the nicknames Doc, Foxy, and Sandy -- took ill and was hospitalized. His son came to visit him... and was surprised to discover another son visiting him as well. It turned out Irwin had married two women and had two families, one in New York and another in Boston. Soon after, Irwin boarded a ship and was never seen again. It was ruled a suicide, but who knows... maybe he settled down with a third family!
LF Raúl Ibañez - 20.9 bWAR, .272/.335/.465 (111 OPS+), 7,471 AB (1996-2014). Ibañez, the son of Cuban refugees, hit .272/.347/.572 and set career highs in OPS and HR (34) in his lone All-Star season... at the age of 37! Over his 19-year career, Ibañez had an OPS+ over 100 twelve times. His career bWAR was dinged by his defense -- 28.7 oWAR, but -17.3 dWAR. CF Ender Inciarte - 18.9 bWAR, .286/.338/.398 (95 OPS+), 2,922 AB (2014-2019). A 2017 All-Star and three-time Gold Glove award winner, Inciarte was signed out of Venezuela as a 18-year-old amateur by the Diamondbacks in 2008, but he would spend the next six years in the minors; the Phillies claimed him via the Rule V draft prior to the 2013 season, but had to return him after just one game (in which he didn't play) when they claimed Ezequiel Carrera off waivers. The D'Backs finally gave Inciarte a chance in 2014, and he would hit .292 for them over the next two seasons. Arizona then traded him to the Braves (with former #1 overall pick Dansby Swanson and Aaron Blair) for Shelby Miller and Gabe Speier, one of the moves that doomed Arizona GM Dave Stewart.
RF Monte Irvin - 21.3 bWAR, .293/.383/.475 (125 OPS+), 2,499 AB (1949-1956). "Mr. Murder" was a Negro Leagues star whose career was cut short by segregation and military service. Most believed he was the best player in the Negro Leagues, but it was Jackie Robinson, not Irvin, who first crossed the color line. Irvin was 30 years old when he finally got the chance, two years after Jackie, to play in the bigs. His best year was 1951, when he hit .312/.415/.514 with 24 HR and 121 RBI, finishing third in the MVP race. "As great as he was in 1951," said Roy Campanella, who won the MVP that year, "he was twice that good 10 years earlier." Irvin was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1973.
DH Pete Incaviglia - 10.3 bWAR, .246/.310/.448 (104 OPS+), 4,233 AB (1986-1998). "Inky" was one of the best college players of his generation, setting an NCAA record with 100 home runs in 213 games at Oklahoma State. He told teams interested in drafting him that he wouldn't sign unless they allowed him to skip the minors; the Expos took him 8th overall but immediately traded him to the Rangers. (MLB later adopted a rule prohibiting trades of newly drafted players, informally dubbed "The Pete Incaviglia Rule.") Incaviglia would then hit 30 home runs as a 22-year-old rookie... which would turn out to be his single-season career high. A low-average, high-strikeout player, Incaviglia played for six teams in 12 seasons -- not counting the Expos or the Diamondbacks, who signed him to a minor league deal in his final season -- plus one season in Japan. He would later be a hitting coach and manager in the minors.
Bench: There were an extraordinary amount of Infielders whose last names start with I; some good ones couldn't make the cut. The five guys on the bench total 45.3 bWAR... Q's bench was -1.5.
UT Maicer Izturis - 11.3 bWAR, .269/.331/.372 (90 OPS+), 3,013 AB (2004-2014). "Mighty Mouse" nearly evenly split his career between third base (2,552 innings) and second base (2,456 innings), but he also played nearly 1,700 innings at shorstop. Though his career OPS+ was below average, he did have some good offensive years -- .293/.365/.412 in 2006 and .300/.359/.434 in 2009. A series of injuries ended the Venezuelan's career after the 2014 season.
SS José Iglesias - 11.1 bWAR, .273/.315/.371 (84 OPS+), 2,706 AB (2011-2019). The 18-year-old Iglesias defected from Cuba during the 2008 World Junior Championship and signed with the Red Sox, immediately becoming one of the team's top prospects. He bounced up and down between Boston and the minors in 2011 and 2012, but in 2013 he won the starting job and after a tremendous start (.330/.376/.409 in 63 games) was included in a three-team deal for Jake Peavy. He would spend five seasons with the Tigers, hitting .268/.312/.364; last year he signed with the Reds and hit .288/.318/.407. Now 30, this off-season he signed a one-year deal with the Orioles.
3B Charlie Irwin - 9.2 bWAR, .268/.331/.345 (82 OPS+), 3,685 AB (1893-1902). Primarily known for his glove -- he ranked 1st or 2nd in 3B fielding percentage in five of his 10 seasons -- Irwin hit a respectable .273/.346/.317 (105 OPS+) with the Brooklyn Superbas in 1902, his final season in the bigs, then would go on to play several more seasons in the Pacific Coast League, and like so many others on this team would later be a manager.
1B/3B/OF Mike Ivie - 7.3 bWAR, .269/.324/.421 (110 OPS+), 2,694 AB (1971-1983). The first overall pick of the 1970 draft by the San Diego Padres, Ivie made his debut as a September call-up at the tender age of 18, going 8-for-17 with 3 RBIs in six games as a catcher. He'd return to the bigs in 1974, now a first baseman; they'd later try him at third and in the outfield, too. (His best position was probably DH.) A right-handed hitter good at mashing lefties (.693 OPS vsR, .846 OPS vsL), Ivie would top 400 ABs just three times in 11 seasons. He retired at the age of 30.
2B Tadahito Iguchi - 6.4 bWAR, .268/.338/.401 (93 OPS+), 1,841 AB (2005-2008). A star player in Japan, Iguchi came to MLB as a 30-year-old in 2005, signing with the White Sox. He would hit .278/.342/.438 and finish fourth in the ROY voting, and became the first Japanese-born position player to win a World Series. He returned to Japan in 2009 and would finally retire in 2017 at the age of 42. Iguchi has four rings -- one with the White Sox and three from Japan -- and since 2018 has been manager of the Chiba Lotte Marines.
Starting Pitchers: So it's going to be great hitting vs great pitching. The I-team has the bats, but the Q-team has the arms: The I's best pitcher would be #3 on the Q's, and after that... it's not pretty. The I-team has just 21.4 bWAR from its rotation, compared to 77.9 for the Q-team.
SP Hisashi Iwakuma - 16.9 bWAR, 63-39, 3.42 ERA, 1.143 WHIP, 883.2 IP (2012-2017). One advantage the I-team has over the Q-team is Japanese players, who represent three-fifths of the starting rotation. The ace is Kuma, who went 107-69 with a 3.25 ERA in Japan and then came to the United States where he had six pretty good seasons, all with the Mariners and all after his 30th birthday. His best year was 2013, when he was an All-Star and finished third in the Cy Young Award voting, going 14-6 with a 2.66 ERA and 1.006 WHIP.
SP Hideki Irabu - 3.4 bWAR, 34-35, 5.15 ERA, 1.405 WHIP, 514.0 IP (1997-2002). Irabu was a star in Japan with the Chiba Lotte Marines who wanted to pitch in MLB... specifically with the Yankees. Under an existing arrangement with the Padres, Chiba sold Irabu's rights to San Diego in 1997 and then traded him to New York for Ruben Rivera, Rafael Medina, and $3 million in cash. The first season of Irabu's four-year, $12.8 million deal was a disaster (5-4, 7.09 ERA, 1.669 WHIP), but he wasn't bad in 1998-1999 (24-16, 4.44 ERA, 1.315 WHIP). But Boss Steinbrenner didn't like him and he was traded to the Expos, where he went a disappointing 2-7 with a 6.69 ERA in two seasons. In 2002 he was used as a reliever with the Rangers, going 3-8 with 16 saves. He would then return to Japan, pitching two seasons before retiring in 2005. He briefly came out of retirement in 2009 to pitch in independent leagues in both the United States and Japan. In 2011, Irabu apparently hanged himself in his California home. He was just 42.
SP Mike Ignasiak - 0.9 BWAR, 10-4, 4.80 EARA, 1.504 WHIP, 137.0 IP (1991-1995). A teammate of Barry Larkin, Jim Abbott, and Scott Kamieniecki at the University of Michigan, Ignasiak went 47-25 with a 3.23 ERA in eight minor league seasons -- including a 55.2 scoreless inning streak between 1993 and 1994 -- then went 10-4 with a 4.80 ERA over four seasons with the Brewers. In 1996, he signed with the Red Sox but suffered a back injury that ended his career. He took up golf in his mid-30s and became one of the top amateur players in the country.
SP Bert Inks - 0.5 bWAR, 27-46, 5.52 ERA, 1.733 WHIP in 603.2 IP (1891-1896). A 6'3" lefty, Inks and his brother Will both played for Notre Dame. Will and a third brother, Fred, also played a little pro ball but only Bert made it to the bigs. He pitched for six teams in just five seasons, most of them bad.
SP Kazuhisa Ishii - -0.3 bWAR, 39-34, 4.44 ERA, 1.528 WHIP, 564.0 IP (2002-2005). Walks were Kaz's downfall, with 5.6 BB/9 over his four-year MLB career. After leaving the bigs, the lefty returned to Japan where he'd pitch until the age of 40 for a total of 18 seasons. In Japan, Ishii went 143-103 with a 3.63 ERA and 1.307 WHIP (and 3.9 BB/9, 8.8 K/9).
Relief Pitchers: Once again, the Q-team comes out on top. Team Q had 54.4 bWAR from its relievers; the I-team, less than half that at 25.3 (and most of that coming from their closer).
RP Jason Isringhausen - 13.0 bWAR, 51-55, 300 SV, 3.64 ERA, 1.328 WHIP, 1007.2 IP (1995-2012). One of the first players I think of when it comes to I-names, Izzy finished fourth in the NL ROY voting after an impressive debut season (9-2, 2.81 ERA, 1.280 WHIP) with the New York Mets at the age of 22. But injuries, ineffectiveness, and a bout with tuberculosis caused his Mets career to fizzle, and in 1999 he was traded to the Oakland A's where he would become a top closer. He was named to two All-Star teams and recorded 11 post-season saves.
RP Raisel Iglesias - 8.3 bWAR, 14-29, 98 SV, 3.17 ERA, 1.135 WHIP, 388.2 IP (2015-2019). Raisel Iglesias apparently isn't related to Jose Iglesias, but were born in, and fled from, Cuba. Raisel signed with the Reds, who converted him to a starter (he had been a reliever with the Cuban national team), but after going 4-8 with a 3.88 ERA in 21 starts, they switched him back to a reliever. In 231 relief appearances, he's posted a 2.85 ERA with 98 saves; overall, he's struck out 448 batters in 388.2 IP.
RP Jeff Innis - 4.6 bWAR, 10-20, 5 SV, 3.05 ERA, 1.272 WHIP, 360.0 IP (1987-1993). Jeff pitched all seven seasons of his MLB career with the New York Mets. A side-arming sinkerballer, "the I-Man" was known for his impressions of players and staff, including GM Frank Cashen. Maybe that's why the Mets declined to offer Innis a contract after the 1993 season. He signed with the Twins, and that spring training had the distinction of giving up the first professional base hit to a 31-year-old rookie named Michael Jordan. Jeff would stick around in the minors for a few more seasons, even working on a knuckleball, but never made it back to the bigs.
RP Gregory Infante - 1.0 bWAR, 3-2, 0 SV, 3.56 ERA, 1.332 WHIP, 68.1 IP (2010-2018). Infante was a baby -- ha, ha -- when he came up the first time in 2010, as a 22-year-old reliever with the White Sox. He pitched in five games without allowing a run and struck out five batters, though he did give up two hits and four walks in 4.2 innings. He would then spend the next eight seasons bouncing between organizations in the minors before finally returning to the bigs in 2017 with... the White Sox. So in nine years, he's pitched in 67 games, all with Chicago. Infante, now 30, signed with the Orioles last year but was released before the season started; the Venezuelan spent this off-season pitching in the Venezuelan Winter League.
RP Cole Irvin - -0.2 bWAR, 2-1, 1 SV, 5.83 ERA, 1.392 WHIP, 41.2 IP (2019). A 5th round pick by the Phillies in the 2016 draft, Swirvin Irvin went 6-1 with a 3.94 ERA in 16 starts and one relief appearance in Triple-A, then was promoted to the bigs where he had three starts and 13 relief appearances. The lefty was named the 2018 International League Pitcher of the Year after going 14-4 with a 2.57 ERA for the Lehigh Valley IronPigs.
RP Ryota Igarashi - -1.4 bWAR, 5-2, 0 SV, 6.41 ERA, 1.808 WHIP, 73.0 IP (2010-2012). Once renowned as one of the hardest throwers in Japan -- he struck out 97 batters in 78 innings in 2002 -- the New York Mets signed the 31-year-old reliever in 2010 but he struggled, giving up 24 runs, 29 hits, and 18 walks in 30.1 IP (but he did strike out 25 batters). The following year he gave up 20 runs on 43 hits and 28 walks in 38.2 IP (with 42 Ks), and the Mets released him. He signed with the Pirates, but was traded to the Blue Jays; they released him after two disastrous outings and the Yankees signed him, and they gave up on him after two more ugly appearances. Igarashi returned to Japan, where he's still pitching at age 41!
The I's who were... Ignored:
Here are the remaining 34 players whose last name starts with I. Some were fairly Impressive, others were Inferior.
Reliever Edgar Ibarra pitched in two games with the Angels in 2015, giving up one run on four hits and three walks while striking out three in four innings. The lefty has spent the last few seasons pitching winter ball in his native Venezuela.
Ham Iburg's real name was Herman; I don't know why they called him Ham. A San Francisco native who started and ended his career in the Pacific Coast League, Iburg had just one season in the bigs, going 11-18 with the 1902 Philadelphia Phillies; he was under contract to return in 1903, but he went back to California instead. The Pacific Coast League of that era offered better weather, easier travel, and sometimes better salaries than MLB, and many players like Iburg simply preferred playing on the west coast than in the Show.
Kei Igawa was a fading Japanese ace -- he even was briefly sent to the minors in 2005, and had become unpopular with fans -- but the Yankees needed an answer to the Red Sox signing Daisuke Matsuzaka two weeks earlier. After going 2-1 (with a 7.63 ERA) in his first six games, Igawa was sent to the minors; he'd return in June, get sent down again, and then be back in September. He'd end the year 2-3 with a 6.25 ERA. He would get bombed in two more appearances the following year, giving up six runs on 13 hits in just 4 innings, and would never resurface in MLB, despite posting adequate numbers in Triple-A (33-22, 3.81 ERA, 1.297 WHIP). After his release in 2011, Igawa returned to Japan, where he would pitch several more seasons with the Orix Buffaloes.
Gary Ignasiak is the big brother -- by 18 years! -- of pitcher Mike Ignasiak. Gary got into three games with the Tigers in 1973, striking out 4 batters in 4.2 innings but also giving up five hits and three walks. They sent him back to the minors but he never mastered his control, walking 647 batters in 825.0 minor league innings, and was out of pro baseball by the age of 25.
Reliever Blaise Ilsley made 10 appearances with the Cubs in 1994, giving up 13 runs on 25 hits and nine walks in 15.0 innings. Not surprisingly, the Cubs didn't bring him back. But he did have a long minor league career, and was later a pitching coach in the minors and a bullpen coach with the St. Louis Cardinals.
Doc Imlay had nine appearances for the Philadelphia Phillies in 1913, giving up 13 runs on 19 hits and seven walks in 13.2 innings. Imlay would then have a more successful career as a dentist in New Jersey.
Infielder Alexis Infante went 5-for-27 with the Blue Jays between 1987 and 1989, and 1-for-28 with the Braves in 1990. He would later be a manager in the Dominican Republic. The three Infantes in MLB history -- Alexis, Gregory, and Omar -- do not appear to be closely related, though all are from Venezuela.
Bob Ingersoll was a 31-year-old reliever who made four appearances with the Reds in 1914, giving up two runs on five hits and five walks in six innings.
A utilityman with the 1911 Boston Rustlers -- they wouldn't become the Braves until the following year -- Scotty Ingerton would get 521 AB while playing six different positions, hitting .250/.304/.340. After baseball, the former Rustler would become a deputy in Ohio.
A century later, another utilityman named Joe Inglett would play six positions (and pitch an inning!) across six seasons with the Indians, Blue Jays, Brewers, and Astros. Inglett would hit a respectable .283/.342/.392 in 808 career AB, but didn't get to the majors until he was 28 years old and never really got a chance; his best season was 2008, when he would hit .297/.355/.407 in 344 AB.
Charlie Ingraham caught one game for the Baltimore Orioles in 1883, going 1-for-4.
Utilityman Garey Ingram got into 82 games for the Dodgers between 1994 and 1997, going 37-for-142 (.261 BA). He played second, third, and outfield. He'd later be a coach in the minor leagues.
Mel Ingram -- apparently no relation to Garey -- had a "Moonlight Graham" MLB career, playing in MLB but never getting a plate appearance. He appeared in three games, all as a pinch runner, and scored a run for the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1929.
The third man with this last name, Ricardo Ingram, played in 12 games with the Tigers in 1994 and four with the Twins in 1995, going a combined total of 6-for-31 (.194). He would later be a minor league coach and manager, but tragically developed brain cancer and died in 2015 at the age of 48.
Brothers Dane Iorg and Garth Iorg played in the 1970s and 80s. Dane was a 1st round pick by the Philadelphia Phillies in 1971, but he didn't make it to the Show until 1977; then, after just 12 games, was traded to the St. Louis Cardinals for Bake McBride. A left-handed hitter, Dane was platooned throughout his career, hitting .284/.326/.387 in 1,502 AB vsR but just .200/.220/.276 in 145 AB vsL. Given his lack of power (14 career HR), speed (5 career SB), and defense (-3.1 career dWAR), it's surprising he had a 10-year MLB career. But he did win World Series rings with the '82 Cardinals and '85 Royals, going 12-for-23 (.522) with five doubles and a triple when it mattered most! Big brother Garth was originally drafted by the Yankees, but the Blue Jays took him in the 1976 expansion draft and he'd play his entire career as a utilityman for Toronto. After his MLB career ended, he would play in the short-lived Senior Professional Baseball Association, then would be a coach with the Brewers as well as a minor league manager. His sons Isaac, Eli, and Cale all played in the minors but never made the Show.
Happy Iott played in three games with the 1903 Cleveland Naps, going 2-for-10. A Maine native, the outfielder would later play in minor league and semipro teams in his home state.
Apparently no relation, Hooks Iott pitched in two games as a 21-year-old rookie with the St. Louis Browns in 1941, then in 24 games with the Browns and Giants in 1947... something must have happened in the middle... oh right, World War II. The lefty served in the U.S. Army Air Force during the war. He went 3-9 with a 7.05 ERA in 81.2 IP in his bifurcated MLB career, then would pitch into the late 1950s in the minors, including going 24-9 with a 1.83 ERA in 260.0 IP with the St. Petersburg Saints of the Florida International League in 1952.
Switch-hitting infielder Hal Irelan played just one season in the bigs, hitting .236 in 67 games with the Philadelphia Phillies in 1914. He would have a much longer career in the minors, still playing for Decatur in the, appropriately enough, Three-I League in 1926. He'd later be a minor league manager.
Another switch-hitting infielder came along in the early 1980s, Tim Ireland. He would go 1-for-7 in 11 games with the Royals scattered between 1981 and 1982. After a long career in the minors, Ireland would spend two seasons with the Hiroshima Toyo Carp, hitting .275 with 18 HR in 585 AB. Like many others on this list, he would later be a manager in the minors.
Venezuelan Hernan Iribarren hit .185 in 27 AB for the Brewers between 2008 and 2009; he returned to the majors in 2016 at the age of 32 and hit .311 in 45 AB for the Reds. A utilityman, Iribarren saw time first, second, third, and all three outfield positions.
A highly prized prospect at Ferrum Junior College, Daryl Irvine was selected in three different drafts -- in the 3rd round, in the 2nd round, and finally in the 1st round -- before signing with the Red Sox in 1985. He posted a 3.34 ERA in nine minor league seasons, but never mastered his control, with 291 walks in 711.2 minor league innings. In the bigs, he posted a 5.68 ERA and an unsightly 4.7 BB/9 (with just 3.8 K/9).
Bill Irwin somehow acquired the nickname Phil. He pitched in two games for the Cincinnati Red Stockings late in the 1886 season, giving up 19 runs (11 earned) on 18 hits and eight walks. Each was a complete game loss!
Third baseman Ed Irwin played in one game with the Detroit Tigers in 1912, going 2-for-3 -- and both hits were triples! How he came to play in one and only game is a tale in and of itself. Ty Cobb had been suspended indefinitely for one of his more infamous incidents -- he'd jumped into the stands to beat up a man who had no hands -- and Tiger players refused to take the field until he was reinstated, or at least given a punishment with an end date. Rather than forfeit the game, the Tigers recruited some local college and semipro players, including Irwin. They were crushed 24-2 by the A's. League President Ban Johnson then told the Tigers that he'd kick all of them out of baseball if they refused to play again, and the strike ended. Cobb was reinstated on May 26. As for Irwin, he was killed in a bar brawl four years later. It's believed he still has the record for "most triples by a player without another base hit."
The brother of Arthur Irwin, infielder John Irwin hit .246 in 1,269 career at-bats. It's said he owed at least some of those at-bats to the fact that big brother Arthur was his manager with the 1889 Washington Nationals and 1891 Boston Reds.
Phil Irwin had two starts in the bigs, one with the Pirates in 2013 and another with the Rangers in 2014; he gave up eight runs (seven earned) on 12 hits and six walks in 8.2 innings. In 2015, he pitched in the Korean League, going 1-7 with a 8.68 ERA.
Shortstop Tommy Irwin got into three games with the Cleveland Indians late in the 1938 season; he went 1-for-9. Later in life he'd be a scout for Cleveland.
The last of the Irwins is Walt Irwin, who got into four games as a pinch runner and pinch hitter for the 1921 St. Louis Cardinals; he struck out in his only at-bat.
Orlando Isales started his pro career at the tender age of 15. By the time he reached the bigs in 1980, he was a veteran... at the age of 20. He played in three games for the Phillies in 1980; he went 2-for-5 with a triple, a walk, and three RBIs (.400/.500/.800!). But he never got another chance; he was in Triple-A for a few more years, then left for the Mexican League.
Travis Ishikawa is best remembered for his walk-off home run off Michael Wacha in the 2014 NLCS to send the Giants to the World Series for the third time in five seasons. "Smoky" only topped 200 AB once in his career, and accumulated just 1.1 career bWAR, but Giant fans won't ever forget him. He would later be a hitting coach for the Giants in the Arizona Fall League.
Akinori Iwamura was a top performer for the Yakult Swallows, topping .300 BA/30 HR in three straight seasons prior to signing with the Tampa Bay Devil Rays in 2007. He hit a respectable .281/.354/.393 with the Rays over his first three MLB seasons, but cratered in 2010, hitting .182 with the Pirates and then .129 with the A's. After his release, the infielder would return to play in Japan for four more seasons.
Cuban-born catcher Hank Izquierdo went 7-for-26 in his only MLB season of 1967, playing for the Minnesota Twins. A lifer in the minor leagues, he didn't get the Call until he was 36 years old; his pro career started as a 20-year-old with Galveston in the Gulf Coast League in 1951, and ended with Veracruz in the Mexican League in 1974. He had 1,870 games in professional baseball, but only 16 in the bigs. He was later a minor league coach, a Mexican League manager, and a scout with the Minnesota Twins.
Another Cuban-born player, Hansel Izquierdo, defected when he was a teenager on the Cuban national junior team. He pitched in 20 games for the Florida Marlins in 2002, giving up 17 runs (15 earned) on 33 hits and 21 walks in 29.2 innings. He never resurfaced in the bigs, but he would pitch for 11 years in the minors, including stints with the White Sox, Expos, Yankees, and Pirates.
Cesar Izturis, Maicer's half-brother, played 13 years and accumulated 4,350 AB despite a career 64 OPS+, a testament to his glove. Over his career, the Venezuelan was 64 runs better than the average shortstop. Although his only All-Star selection came in 2005, his best year was the year before that, when he hit .288/.330/.381 in 670 AB, set career highs in nearly everything, and won a Gold Glove. His son, Cesar Izturis Jr., is a 20-year-old prospect in the Seattle Mariners system.
submitted by sonofabutch to baseball [link] [comments]


2020.07.01 13:31 financeoptimum Upper Class Billionaires

At least one friendly biographer claims that Nathan's first act was to deliver the news to the Prime Minister, but that government officials were hesitant at first to believe it, because it ran contrary to reports they had received previously telling of serious British setbacks.
At any rate, there is no doubt that Nathan's second act of the morning was to set off for the stock exchange to take up a position at his usual pillar.
All eyes were upon him as he slumped dejectedly, staring at the floor.
Then he raised his gaze and, with pained expression, began to sell.
The whisper went through the crowded room, "Nathan is selling? Nathan is selling! Wellington must have lost. Our government bonds will never be repaid. Sell them now. Sell. Sell!"
Prices tumbled, and Nathan sold again. Prices plummeted, and still Nathan sold.
Finally, prices collapsed altogether and, in one quick move, Nathan reversed his call and purchased the entire market in government bonds. In a matter of just a few hours, he had acquired the dominant holding of England's entire debt at but a tiny fraction of its worth.
Nathan Rothschild ladies and gentlemen, who was, at the time, the richest man on Earth.
Now, Upper Class billionaires - the realm of conspiracies and speculation.
Power and secrecy.
A realm where the law does not apply.
Wait, there are classes of billionaires?
Of course, while the Nouveau Riche fight over their placing on the Forbes List, the ruling class stay in the shadows, pulling the strings and pushing their agenda.
First of all, I want to discuss the phrase 'conspiracy theory'.
This term was weaponised by the CIA in 1967 to discredit those who questioned the official JFK report, as the following dispatch shows.
It's interesting to note that the document is labelled "psych", for psychological operations or disinformation.
It's also marked "CS Copy" at the bottom, meaning "Clandestine Services" Unit.
Since then, it has worked extremely well to stifle rational, objective discussion.
In many senses, conspiracy theories are essentially a form of entertainment and procrastination - for example look at the impact of figures such as Eddie Bravo and Alex Jones.
The impact of these figures on the success of Joe Rogan's podcast and its associated value is far from trivial.
However, there are elements of truth in the madness.
In this type of discussion, it is important to emphasise the following point.
It is tempting to look at this from the perspective of good versus evil.
However, this is just not practical.
It is far more productive, if you are trying to get to a point of rational truth or at least close to it, to view it from the perspective of powerful vs less powerful.
This will produce a more objective view of the state of the World, rather than a subjective sense of who is on the moral high-ground, a sense driven by propaganda on both sides.
The uncomfortable truth is that a psychopathic nature is often a prerequisite for obtaining and maintaining power.
Empathy has no utility in this realm.
One must possess cold objectivity, an immunity to patriotism, and an indifference to the human condition.
Many people speak of secret societies, they bring up the Illuminati and various figures from popular culture.
Lots of speculation, few facts.
Here is a fact though: Both Presidential nominees in 2004, John Kerry and George W. Bush, were members of Yale's Skull and Bones Secret Society. George's father, George H.W. Bush, another President and high ranking member of the CIA, was a member. Oh, and his father, Prescott Bush, was also a member. Other members include Steve Schwarzman, co-founder and CEO of Blackstone, the most revered private equity firm in the world, who has a net worth of $18.8BN. Oh, and William Donaldson, he was the co-founder of investment firm DLJ (where Schwarzman got his start no less) and he was also the former chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission (aka the SEC) under George W. Bush no less!
For some context, the Skull and Bones Crest is the same as that flown on a pirate ship's flag with the date 322 emblazoned beneath it, thought to refer to 322 BC when the Greek orator Demosthenes died, a moment that saw ancient Athens begin its transition from democracy to plutocracy, implying the group's belief that America should follow suit and surrender the responsibilities of government exclusively to the wealthy.
They've certainly executed well in that respect!
There is only one division that matters in this world.
Every other division often cited, be it race, religion, whatever, is all a Divide and Conquer strategy of distraction.
There is only the top 0.00001% and the rest.
They control the important assets, and, crucially, they control the flow of money.
I close with the following:
Who was the most powerful entity in Game of Thrones?
Was it Daenerys with her fire-breathing dragons?
Was it the Knight King with his other-worldly powers?
Or...was it the rarely mentioned bank...that will always have...its due.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0_sO4oRlTWg
submitted by financeoptimum to ConcentrationOfWealth [link] [comments]


2020.07.01 13:30 financeoptimum Upper Class Billionaires: What is Power?

At least one friendly biographer claims that Nathan's first act was to deliver the news to the Prime Minister, but that government officials were hesitant at first to believe it, because it ran contrary to reports they had received previously telling of serious British setbacks.
At any rate, there is no doubt that Nathan's second act of the morning was to set off for the stock exchange to take up a position at his usual pillar.
All eyes were upon him as he slumped dejectedly, staring at the floor.
Then he raised his gaze and, with pained expression, began to sell.
The whisper went through the crowded room, "Nathan is selling? Nathan is selling! Wellington must have lost. Our government bonds will never be repaid. Sell them now. Sell. Sell!"
Prices tumbled, and Nathan sold again. Prices plummeted, and still Nathan sold.
Finally, prices collapsed altogether and, in one quick move, Nathan reversed his call and purchased the entire market in government bonds. In a matter of just a few hours, he had acquired the dominant holding of England's entire debt at but a tiny fraction of its worth.
Nathan Rothschild ladies and gentlemen, who was, at the time, the richest man on Earth.
Now, Upper Class billionaires - the realm of conspiracies and speculation.
Power and secrecy.
A realm where the law does not apply.
Wait, there are classes of billionaires?
Of course, while the Nouveau Riche fight over their placing on the Forbes List, the ruling class stay in the shadows, pulling the strings and pushing their agenda.
First of all, I want to discuss the phrase 'conspiracy theory'.
This term was weaponised by the CIA in 1967 to discredit those who questioned the official JFK report, as the following dispatch shows.
It's interesting to note that the document is labelled "psych", for psychological operations or disinformation.
It's also marked "CS Copy" at the bottom, meaning "Clandestine Services" Unit.
Since then, it has worked extremely well to stifle rational, objective discussion.
In many senses, conspiracy theories are essentially a form of entertainment and procrastination - for example look at the impact of figures such as Eddie Bravo and Alex Jones.
The impact of these figures on the success of Joe Rogan's podcast and its associated value is far from trivial.
However, there are elements of truth in the madness.
In this type of discussion, it is important to emphasise the following point.
It is tempting to look at this from the perspective of good versus evil.
However, this is just not practical.
It is far more productive, if you are trying to get to a point of rational truth or at least close to it, to view it from the perspective of powerful vs less powerful.
This will produce a more objective view of the state of the World, rather than a subjective sense of who is on the moral high-ground, a sense driven by propaganda on both sides.
The uncomfortable truth is that a psychopathic nature is often a prerequisite for obtaining and maintaining power.
Empathy has no utility in this realm.
One must possess cold objectivity, an immunity to patriotism, and an indifference to the human condition.
Many people speak of secret societies, they bring up the Illuminati and various figures from popular culture.
Lots of speculation, few facts.
Here is a fact though: Both Presidential nominees in 2004, John Kerry and George W. Bush, were members of Yale's Skull and Bones Secret Society. George's father, George H.W. Bush, another President and high ranking member of the CIA, was a member. Oh, and his father, Prescott Bush, was also a member. Other members include Steve Schwarzman, co-founder and CEO of Blackstone, the most revered private equity firm in the world, who has a net worth of $18.8BN. Oh, and William Donaldson, he was the co-founder of investment firm DLJ (where Schwarzman got his start no less) and he was also the former chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission (aka the SEC) under George W. Bush no less!
For some context, the Skull and Bones Crest is the same as that flown on a pirate ship's flag with the date 322 emblazoned beneath it, thought to refer to 322 BC when the Greek orator Demosthenes died, a moment that saw ancient Athens begin its transition from democracy to plutocracy, implying the group's belief that America should follow suit and surrender the responsibilities of government exclusively to the wealthy.
They've certainly executed well in that respect!
There is only one division that matters in this world.
Every other division often cited, be it race, religion, whatever, is all a Divide and Conquer strategy of distraction.
There is only the top 0.00001% and the rest.
They control the important assets, and, crucially, they control the flow of money.
I close with the following:
Who was the most powerful entity in Game of Thrones?
Was it Daenerys with her fire-breathing dragons?
Was it the Knight King with his other-worldly powers?
Or...was it the rarely mentioned bank...that will always have...its due.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0_sO4oRlTWg
submitted by financeoptimum to Capitalism [link] [comments]


The Dating Game (1967) Valentine's Day Special! Brass Ring - The Dating Game 1967 The Dating Game:The Merry Go Round 1967 - YouTube Dating Game 1967 SEINFIELDS 'KRAMER'-MICHAEL RICHARDS ON THE DATING GAME Burt Reynolds on The Dating Game - YouTube Groucho Marx The Dating Game 1967 - YouTube

  1. The Dating Game (1967) Valentine's Day Special!
  2. Brass Ring - The Dating Game 1967
  3. The Dating Game:The Merry Go Round 1967 - YouTube
  4. Dating Game 1967
  5. SEINFIELDS 'KRAMER'-MICHAEL RICHARDS ON THE DATING GAME
  6. Burt Reynolds on The Dating Game - YouTube
  7. Groucho Marx The Dating Game 1967 - YouTube

Los Angeles Power Pop band 'The Merry Go Round' are the bachelor panelists-well, three out of the four of them-on this 1967 episode of The Dating Game. 50+ videos Play all Mix - Brass Ring - The Dating Game 1967 YouTube The Brass Ring - All the Best (FULL ALBUM - BEST OF POP) - Duration: 48:33. Vintage JukeBox - Don't Stop The Music 6,228 views Dating Game episode with Ken Wolff and Don Sutton (LA Dodgers rookie of the year) Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The Dating Game October 2, 1967 With Donna Harris - Duration: 11:18. Michael Allgood 156,830 views. 11:18. Cher on The Carol Burnett Show (1975): 'As the Stomach Turns' - Duration: 11:25. The Dating Game:The Merry Go Round 1967 - Duration: 9:59. Babyhowdy233 32,456 views. ... Alice Brady Bunch Star Ann B. Davis on The Dating Game - Duration: 9:23. Televisionarchives 131,931 views. Burt Reynolds on The Dating Game